Buddhism - Hinduism

Hinduism

Indus Valley civilization

Approx. 3000 bc - Approx. 1500 bc

Composition of the Rig-veda

Approx. 2300 bc - Approx. 1200 bc

Migration of Āryans

Approx. 1600 bc - Approx. 1000 bc

Composition of the Upaniśads

Approx. 800 bc - Approx. 200 bc

Gautama, the Buddha

563 bc - 483 bc

Vardhamana Mahavira, founder of Jainism

540 bc - 468 bc

Composition of the Mahābhārata

Approx. 400 bc - Approx. 400 ad

Campaign of Alexander the Great in India

327 bc - 325 bc

Composition of the Bhagavad-gītā

Approx. 200 bc - Approx. 100 ad

Composition of the Purānas

Approx. 300 ad - Approx. 1700 ad

Composition of Early Tantras

Approx. 500 ad - Approx. 700 ad

First Muslim invasions of northwest India

711 ad - 715 ad

Muslim capital established at Delhi

1192 ad

Destruction of Buddhism in India

Approx. 1200 ad

Vasco da Gama lands on India’s west coast

1498 ad

Mughal rule in India

1526 ad - 1707 ad

Defeat of Bengali Muslim rulers by British

1757 ad

British rule in India

1757 ad - 1947 ad

Indian independence and partition

1947 ad

Buddhism

Gautama, the Buddha

563 bc - 483 bc

First Buddhist Council

486 bc

Reign of King Asoka in India; introduction of Buddhism to Sri Lanka (Ceylon

269 bc - 238 bc

Han Dynasty in China

Approx. 206 bc - Approx. 220 ad

Emergence of the Mahayana in India

Approx. 1 ad - Approx. 101 ad

Introduction of Buddhism to China

Approx. 101 ad - Approx. 201 ad

T’ang Dynasty in China

Approx. 618 ad - 907 ad

Destruction of Buddhism in India

Approx. 1200 ad

Birth of Tsongkhapa, founder of the Geluk School in Tibet

1357 ad

Chinese occupation of Tibet

1951 ad

Axial Age

Homer

Approx. 1000 bc - Approx. 800 bc

Composition of the Upaniśads

Approx. 800 bc - Approx. 200 bc

Axial Age emergence

Approx. 700 bc - Approx. 100 ad

Zarathustra in Persia

Approx. 628 bc - Approx. 551 bc

Elijah-Isaiah Prophets of Israel

Approx. 620 bc - Approx. 500 bc

Gautama, the Buddha

563 bc - 483 bc

Confucius

Approx. 551 bc - Approx. 479 bc

Laozi

Approx. 550 bc - Approx. 300 bc

Parmenides, Heraclitus, Plato

Approx. 500 bc - Approx. 400 bc

Thucydides, Archimedes

Approx. 460 bc - Approx. 395 bc