zBIBLE: Raw - Bible Development

Bible and Early Writings

Septuagint "LXX" - Hebrew OT Translated to Greek Including Deuterocanonical Books

250 BC - 100 BC

Matthew Written

35 AD

James Written

40 AD

Mark Written

42 AD

John Written

42 AD

Didache (1st Catechism) Written

50 AD - 100 AD

1 Thessalonians Written

50 AD

2 Thessalonians Written

51 AD

Galatians Written

53 AD

1 Corinthians Written

56 AD

Romans Written

57 AD

2 Corinthians Written

57 AD

Luke Written

59 AD

Philippians Written

61 AD

61-63?

Philemon Written

61 AD

61-63?

Hebrews Written

61 AD

61-63?

Ephesians Written

61 AD

61-63?

Colossians Written

61 AD

61-63?

Titus Written

63 AD

Acts Written

63 AD

3 John Written

63 AD

63-64?

2 John Written

63 AD

63-64?

1 Timothy Written

63 AD

1 John Written

63 AD

63-64?

1 Peter Written

64 AD

64-65?

2 Peter Written

65 AD

65-66?

Jude Written

66 AD

66-67?

2 Timothy Written

67 AD

Epistle of Barnabas (attached to cannon in 400 but not offically canon)

70 AD - 100 AD

Revelation Written

95 AD

Shepherd of Hermas Written (attached to cannon in 400 but not offically canon)

110 AD - 150 AD

Alexandrian Text Papyri Fragments of Gospels and Epistles

125 - 300

Biblical Canon Development

Approx. 140 - 367

Second Clement

140 AD - 160 AD

Western Type Papyri of Gospels Found

150 - 250

Word Trinity first appears in Christian literature

160 AD - 254 AD

Origin and Tertullian explicitly referenced; Ignatious(105AD), Polycarp(135AD), and Justin Martyr(155AD) alluded to "divine three"

Current NT pretty much fixed

200 AD

Codex Vaticanus - Alexandrian Type

300 - 325

Eusebius - 22 Recognized & 5 Doubtful

320 - 330

Doubtful James, Jude, 2Peter, 2John, 3John

Codex Sinaiticus - Alexandrian Type

330 CE - 360 CE

Greek Old Testament Canon is the Septuagint (LXX)

331

Greek Bible Compiled by Eusebius for Constantine in East

331

Constantine (East) Commissioned 50 Bibles from Eusebius in Greek

331

Codex Sinaiticus (appears to be LXX) and Codex Vaticanus (used LXX) are possible surviving examples of these Bibles; NT included Epistle of Barnabas and Shepherd of Hermes

Cyril of Jerusalem - 26 +1 additional minus Revelation

350 AD

Added Gospel of Thomas

Codex Vaticanus (LXX) - Greek Bible with Deuterocanonical Books

350 AD

Missing 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, and Revelation; lacks 1 4 Maccabees but includes 1 Esdras from LXX

Codex Sinaiticus (LXX) - Greek Bible with Deuterocanonical Books and extra NT books

350 AD

Includes Shepherd of Hermes and Epistle of Barnabas in NT; uses LXX in old Testament; omits Baruch, but includes 4 Maccabees from LXX

Laodecia Council - 26 minus Revelation

363

Athanasius - 27 including Revelation

367

Greek New Testament "Canon"ized in Paschal Letter of Athanasius

367

Doesn't include Revelation

Synod of Rome - West Canon Agreement

382

Included Deuterocanonical Books: Pope Damasus List (382)
ۢ Tobit.
ۢ Judith.
ۢ Esther.
ۢ Ezra, ij. books.
ۢ Macchabees, ij. books.

Roman Latin Vulgate using Hebrew OT - Masoretic

383

Compiled and Translated by Jerome for Pope in West
Use of Hebrew OT (OT in Protestant Bible Today) vs LXX caused a big stir between Jerome and Augustine. The Hebrew OT doesn't include the deuterocanonical books in LXX.

Latin Vulgate Translation by Jerome (West) Commissioned by Damasus I

383 - 408

Virtually fixes 27 NT Book Canon in the West, Jerome went against Augustine's view and used Hebrew OT (no deuterocanonical books) not LXX (includes deuterocanonical books). Superceded the previous version "Venus Latina" which used LXX; 405-408 the Greek OT books not in the Hebrew OT were added to the Latin Vulgate by Jerome in his next revision

Gregory of Nazianus - 27 including Revelation

390

African Canons - 27

393 - 419

Augustine and North African Synods (West) Establish 27 NT Book Canon

393 - 419

Augustine already considered the books "Canonized";

Synod of Hippo - West Canon Agreement (North Africa)

393

Included Deuterocanonical Books: Pope Damasus List (382)
ۢ Tobit.
ۢ Judith.
ۢ Esther.
ۢ Ezra, ij. books.
ۢ Macchabees, ij. books.

Jerome - 27

394

Augustine - 27

395 - 400

Synod of Carthage - West Canon Agreement (North Africa)

397

Included Deuterocanonical Books: Pope Damasus List (382)
ۢ Tobit.
ۢ Judith.
ۢ Esther.
ۢ Ezra, ij. books.
ۢ Macchabees, ij. books.

East and West Agree on NT Canon

400 AD

Codex Alexandrinus - Gospels - Byzantine Type

400 - 499

Jerome Adds Deuterocanonical Books to Latin Vulgate

402

Jerome's letter to Eustochium, in which Jerome quotes Sirach 13:2.[30] Elsewhere Jerome apparently also refers to Baruch, the Story of Susannah and Wisdom as scripture.; In his prologue to Judith, without using the word canon, he mentioned that Judith was held to be scriptural by the First Council of Nicaea.; What sin have I committed in following the judgment of the churches? But when I repeat what the Jews say against the Story of Susanna and the Hymn of the Three Children, and the fables of Bel and the Dragon, which are not contained in the Hebrew Bible, the man who makes this a charge against me proves himself to be a fool and a slanderer; for I explained not what I thought but what they commonly say against us. (Against Rufinus, II:33 [AD 402]).

First Bible Translation To English - Wycliff

1385

Printing Press Invented

1450

Desiderius Erasmus publishes Textus Receptus (Byzantine)

1516 - 1535

Martin Luther

1517

Tyndale Prints the NT in English

1525 - 1526

Coverdale Bible - First NT/OT English Bible Printed

1535

John Rogers - First NT/OT English from Greek/Hebrew

1537

Great Bible - first English Bible Authorized by King for use

1539

Robert Estienne (Stephanus) TR based on Erasmus (Byzantine)

1546 - 1550

Geneva Bible - First Bible for the Home (Protestant)

1560

Theodore Beza - TR based on Erasmus/Stephanus (Byzantine)

1565 - 1604

First King James Bible Completed (Anglican)

1611

Bonaventure and Abraham Elzevir - TR based on Beza (Byzantine)

1624 - 1678

Johann A. Bengel proposes "Text Types" Byzantine, & Alexandrian

1687 - 1752

J. J. Griesbach - Classified manuscripts Byzantine, Alexandrian, and Western

1745 - 1812

J.M.A. Scholz - Favored Older Alexandrian Text over Newer Byzantine TR

1794 - 1852

Henry Alford - Really pressed towards old Alexandrian Texts

1810 - 1871

Deuterocanon eliminated from Protestant Bibles

1880

Westcott & Hort

1881

Gordon D. Fee (patristic scholar) - No Anti-Nicene Fathers Quoted Byzantine Type

1934 - Present