First deveoped professionalized civil service in colony.
Issues on spoils system clouded the US executive. This was one of the catalyst that highlighted the importance of a merit based civil service reform.
Pendleton Act was passed anchoring on the concept of political neutrality
"An Act for the Establishment and Maintenance of Efficient and Honest Civil Service in the Philippines"
-Broad in coverage and centralized in organization
-Civil Service Board had administrative control of system that classified employees in provincial and municipal governments. Under the control of Governal general
-CSB had control and supervision of examinations
-CS Act prohibited political and religious biases, direct or indirect solicitations
-Civil servants enoyed security of tenure, attractive hours of work, leaver priveleges, etc.
Governor General Francis Burton Harrison impplemented rapid Finilipinalization by:
-forced resignations of Americans in office
-abolition of certain positions
-iplemetation of policies favorable for Filipinos
"A bureaucracy for Filipinos assidted by Americans"
Undersecretaries who were FIlipinos were delegated the jobs of their superiors when the entire cabinet resigned. Gov. Gen. Wood remarked that the operations were harmonious and normal under the Filipino employees.
-extension of civil service in other government branches
-principle of competitive examination in all positions
-Commissioner of CS had the right to discipine subordinates
Commonwealth government strengthened civil service by providing provisions in the constitution.
Director of Civil Service became Commissioner of Civil Service with underecratary rank.
Government Survey Board assessed the administrative and government sources. It discovered faults in recruitment and position-classification system.
Independence meant increased responsibility in political and administrative systems.
Increasing graft and corruption.
Emergence of two-party system in the country. Spoils system accomodation in the bureacracy.
Department of Foreign Affairs and Department of Public Works and communications became outlet of spoils system.
Bell Mission's findings recommended more efficiency and honesty in servie
-promote executions of the law and more effective management f the government
-promote fullest extetent wit efficient operations of government
-increase efficiency of government operations
GSRC made recommendations on:
1. One position calssifcation system
2.Standard pay plan
3.Creation of Wage and Position Classification Office (WAPO)
This allowed for forfeiture of any property unlawfully acquired by any government employee
CSA sought to remedy the defects of civil service and included the followig provisions:
1. Amending and repealing provisions in present legislation which defeated the purpose of merit system
2.Provisions for more economic and effective requirements for public service
3. Creation of personnel offices and officers in government agencies
4. In-service training
5.Improved performance rating systems and improved promotion systems
6. Banned improper solicitations from subordinates.
Listed 11 acts of officials which constituted corruption
Features of IRP: