Hungary 1900-2016

Events

1914-1918 First world war; Hungary fought on losing side, monarchy collapsed

1914 - 1918

1920 Admiral Horthy becomes head of state

1920

1920 Trianon Treaty reduced Hungary's area by two-thirds, population by one third

1920

1938-1940 Germany concluded treaties in Munich and Vienna, southern Slovakia and northern Transylvania returned to Hungary

1938 - 1940

1939 World War II started

1939

1940 Hungary joins the Tripartite Pac

1940

1941 Hungary declared war on Soviet Union; large part of Hungarian army destroyed; Hungary declared war on the United Kingdom and United States

1941

1944 Nazis occupied Hungary

1944

1945-48 The Communists gradually take over Hungary

1945 - 1948

1945 Allies of World War II defeated Germany; Soviet Union liberated, then occupied Hungary

1945

1949 New constitution made Hungary a workers' and peasants' state; industry nationalized; agriculture collectivized; surge of police terror launched

1949

1956 Hungarian revolution against Stalinism defeated

1956

1989 Communism collapses in Hungary

1989

1990 Soviet Union army left Hungary; Hungarian democracy set up

1990

1991 Soviet forces withdrew from Hungary; Warsaw Pact dissolved

1991

1999 Hungary joins NATO

1999

2000 Ferenc Madl took office as president

2000

2004 Hungary joins the EU

2004

2005 Parliament chose opposition, backed Laszio Solyom next presiden

2005

2006 Gazprom in Russia cut gas supplies to Hungary by 25%

2006

2006 General elections returned power to Socialist-led coalition under Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsanymes

2006

2007 Over 500 people died in Hungary due to a heat wave in central and southeast Europe

2007

2007 Riot police used tear gas and water cannon to disperse far right protestors of 51st anniversary of 1956 uprising

2007

(2009) Hungary and Russia signed deal to build part of the South Stream pipeline across Hungarian territory

2009

2010 Reservoir in western Hungary broke, flooded three villages with toxic red mud, four killed, 116 injured, several were missing

2010

By Xavier Hanesworth

2016