Autonomy Timeline

Events

The Paris Peace Conference

1919


The Paris Peace Conference was an international meeting held in Versailles, France during 1919. The purpose of the meeting was to establish peace after WW1. At the time, Canada was seen as subordinate to Britain. The prime minister Borden had fought successfully for Canada to have its own seat at the conference which made Canada no longer represented by Britaain. He had also insisted for him to be included among the leaders to sign the Treaty of Versailles.

The Chanak Crisis

1922


The Chanak Crisis was a war scare in September between Britain and the republic of Turkey. Turkish forces were threatening Britain troops stationed in Turkey after the first world war. The prime minister of Canada, Mackenzie King, stated that Canada would not automatically go to war if Britain was attacked. It was the first occasion of the Canadian government's first affirmation of diplomatic independence from Great Britain. It also was the first signal that Canada no longer had to automatically be at war under Britain's demands.

The Halibut Treaty

1923


The Halibut Treaty was a Canadian-American agreement concerning fishing rights in the northern Pacific ocean. It was the first treaty independently negotiated without Britain at its side and signed by the Canadian government. The Canadian prime minister refused Britain's wishes to the treaty alongside.

The King Byng Crisis

1925


The Canadian constitutional crisis pitting the powers of a prime minister against the powers of a governor general. Byng was the governor general at the time and the Canadian prime minster, Mackenzie King had asked for him to dissolve the parliament and call and election. Byng had refused the request. The crisis ended with King winning an eventual election. Since then, the rights of the governor general have been clarified and ultimately, granted each Dominion political independence.

The Balfour Report

1926


The Balfour Report had declared that Britain and its Dominion were constitutionally equal to each other. It was a landmark document confirming Canada as a fully independent country; united with Britain and the other Dominions through the commonwealth.

The Statue of Westminster

1931


The Statue of Westminster was a British law clarifying the powers of Canada's parliament and those of the other Commonwealth Dominions. It granted Canada full legal freedom except in the areas where they chose to remain subordinate to Britain.