History of Psychology

Maastricht University, Year 1, Period 5

Events

Sumerian Culture

3500 BC - 2300 BC

Ancient Egypt

3200 BC - 340 BC

Fertile Crescent (High Civilisation)

Approx. 3000 BC

Babylonian Culture

2000 BC - 500 BC

Ancient Greece

776 BCE - 146 BCE

Roman Rule (Ancient and Empire)

753 BCE - 1453

Ancient Rome - 753BC to 27BC
Roman Empire - 64AD to 1453AD

Fall of Rome

476

Mohammed is Born

570
  • In Mecca

Start of Islam

610

Abbasid Family Came to Power

749
  • Strong political Stability and Patronage
  • Around this time Greek works were translated to Arabic

Arab Empire at Peak

750
  • Controlled North Africa, Most of Spain
  • Began with Mohammed, his death and the Quran

Renaissance

1300 - 1600

Hundred Years War

1337 - 1453

Black Death

1348 - 1350

Portugese Inhabit Africa

1473
  • Proved Aristotle wrong that people could not live in the equator
  • People began to question his other theories too

Discovery of America

1492

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648
  • Martin Luther revolted against the greed and corruption of the Papacy
  • Large parts of Europe no longer under Roman Catholic rule

Age of Enlightenment

1700 - 1800

American War of Independence

1775 - 1783

Romantic Movement

Approx. 1780 - 1850

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Psychological Events

Beginning of Philosophy

Approx. 600 BC

In Ancient Greece

Copernicus Publishes Heliocentric Model

1543

Origin of Species published

1859

Wilhelm Wundt opens lab

1879
  • First Experimental Psychology Lab

William James Publishes

1890
  • Principles of Psychology

Alfred Binet forms first lab for Psychodiagnosis

1895

Key Figures

Pythagoras

570 BCE - 495 BCE
  • Mathematical Theorem (Pythagoras Theorem)
  • Followers first to recognize the earth as sphere (proven by Aristotle)

Heraclitus

535 bc - 475 bc

'Everything is constantly changing and even if you did the same thing twice it would not be the same due to a changed enviroment'

Socrates

470 BC - 399 BC
  • Thought books made people lazy

Hippocrates

460 BC - 370 BC
  • 'father of modern medicine'

Plato

427 BC - 348 BC
  • Dialogues
  • 'Distinction between perfect ideal and imperfect reality'
  • Rationalism; truth is based on thinking and not the senses
  • Three parts to the soul; Brain (Reason), Heart (Emotion), Liver (Appetite, Lower Passions)

Aristotle

384 BC - 322 BC
  • 3 Types of Knowledge; Productive, Practical, Theoretical
  • Used Syllogism
  • Came up with the Psyche; Vegetative Soul, Animal Soul, Rational Soul
  • More room for observations that Plato
  • Proved the earth as sphere due to shadow on the moon

Alexander The Great

356 BC - 323 BC

Nicolaus Copernicus

1473 - 1543
  • Questioned whether the earth was at the center of the universe

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

Rene Descartes

1596 - 1650

Charles Darwin

1809 - 1882

Wilhelm Wundt

1832 - 1920

William James

1842 - 1910

Ivan Pavlov

1849 - 1939

Sigmund Freud

1856 - 1939

Alfred Binet

1857 - 1911

Edward Titchener

1867 - 1927

Jean Piaget

1896 - 1980

Inventions

Glass Invented

3500 BC
  • In Mesopotamia

Wheel Invented

3500 BC

In Mesopotamia

Egyptian Writing System

3200 BC

Sumer Writing System

3200 BC

Greek Number System 1-24

600 BC
  • Based on their alphabet
  • Hard to use in calculations

American Writing System (Olmec, Mayan)

300 BC

Book Printing 1

Approx. 1300
  • Letters carved in woodblocks and printed on cloth

Book Printing 2

1450
  • Movable Printing
  • Rearrange metal letters

Microscope Invented

1590

First Photograph

1827

Schools

'Academy' Founded

388 BC
  • Founded by Plato

'Lyceum' Founded

335 BC
  • Founded by Aristotle
  • Beliefs differed too much from Platos

'Stoa' Founded

312 BC
  • based on self-control, fortitude and detachment from distracting emotions

Garden of Epicurus

307 BC
  • based on virtuous and temperate life with the enjoyment of simple pleasures obtained by knowledge and friendship

Bologna University founded

1150

Paris University founded

1200

Oxford University founded

1220