World war 2

Events

Japanese invasion of China

1937

Japanese expansion in East Asia begin with invasion of Manchuria and continued in 1937 with a brutal attack on China. Japan signed the Tripartite Pact with Germany. There was a world wide economic depression. Japan tried to overcome the depression by building up an empire. The Japanese army invaded Manchuria and threw out the Chinese. The invasion of Manchuria raised the prestige of the Japanese Army and also made it possible for the army to pressurize the Japanese government to undertake a policy of armed expansion.

Rape of Nanking

1937

Japanese armies invaded China's northern provinces and quickly captured the ancient Chinese capital Peking 9now called Beijing). In the conduct of this war the Japanese adopted a policy of deliberate savagery in the expectation that it would break the will of the Chinese to resist. although poorly trained and equipped the Chinese army and communist irregulars put up strong resistance to Japan's armies which enjoyed overwhelming superiority in numbers, training, and weapons. The Japanese troops responded to Chinese resistance to their invasion by embarking on an orgy of murder, and rape and looting that shocked the world at that time.

Germany's invasion of Poland

1939

to Hitler, the conquest of Poland would bring living space for the German people. According to his plan the racially superior Germans would colonize the territory and the native slavs would be enslaved. By the end of WWII half a million polish soldiers had been executed by the Germans.

German Blitzreig

1939 - 1940

Germans used a military tactic designed to create disorganization among the enemy forces through the use of mobile forces.

FALL OF PARIS

1940

On this day Parisians awaken to the sound of German-accented voice announcing via loudspeakers that a curfew was being impose for 8pm that evening as German troops enter and occupy Paris. Paris suffers steep fall in tourists after attacks. The attacks had an economic impact on Paris.

Operation Barbarossa

1941

code name for the German invasion of the Soviet Union. The failure of German troops to defeat Soviet forces in the campaign signaled a crucial turning point in the was.

Pearl Harbor

1941

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise but Japan and the United States had been edging toward war for decades. The United States was particularly unhappy with Japan increasingly belligerent attitude toward China. The Japanese plan was to destroy the Pacific Fleet. That way the Americans would not be able to fight back as Japan's armed forces spread across the
south Pacific

Wannsee Conference

1942

On January 20 15 high ranking Nazi Party and German government officials gathered at a villa in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee to discuss and coordinate the implementation of what they called the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question."

Battle of Midway

1942

World War II naval battle fought almost entirely with aircraft, in which the United States destroyed Japan's first-line carrier strength and most of its best trained naval pilots. Together with the Battle of Guadalcanal the Battle of Midway ended the threat of further Japanese invasion in the Pacific.

Battle of Stalingrad

1942

Russians consider it to be one of the greatest battles of their Great Patriotic War, and most historians consider it to be the greatest battle of the entire conflict. It stopped the German advance into the Soviet Union and marked the turning of the tide of war in favour of the Allies

Operation Gomorrah

September 3, 1943 - September 16, 1943

A joint British-American venture. Many of the attacks on Germany up to Gomorrah had been separate British (at night) and American (at day) attacks. The combination of both bomber forces gave Harris a substantial number of bombers and therefore a substantial number of bombs that could be dropped.

D-Day invasion of Normandy

1944

The day the Allied powers crossed the English Channel and landed on the beaches of Normandy. France beginning the liberation of Western Europe from Nazi control during WWII Within 3 months, the northern part of France would be freed and the invasion force would be preparing to enter Germany, where they would meet up with Soviet forces moving in from the east. D-DAY was the beginning of the end of Hitler.

Battle of Okinawa

1945

Allied forces invade the island of Okinawa and engage the Japanese in the bloodiest battle of the Pacific. last and biggest of the pacific island battles of WWII. The effect of this battle was the A bomb being dropped.

Operation Thunderclap

1945

A series of maximum efforts against cities in eastern Germany, partly to pave the way for the Red Army that would soon be overrunning the territory.

Battle of Iwo Jima

1945

A major battle in which the U.S. Marines landed on and eventually captured the island of Iwo Jima from the Japanese Imperial Army. The capture of Iwo Jima would provide an emergency landing strip for planes and long range bombing missions. It was America's desire to finally destroy Japanese merchant fleet so the Japanese mainland couldn't be supplied from food rich sectors of South East Asia

Battle of the Bulge

1945

A major German offensive campaign launched through the densely forested Ardennes region of Wallonia in Belgium, France, and Luxembourg on the Western Front toward the end of WWII in Europe. The effect of this battle was basically Hitler's last stand. Hitler threw everything he had into this battle. Hitler's Army was starting to fall apart.

V E Day

1945

Also known as "Victory in Europe Day', was the public holiday celebrated on May 8, 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II Of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.

Potsdam Declaration

1945

This Declaration was issued on July 26. It offered the first ray of hope with its statement that Japan would not be enslaved as a race nor destroyed as a nation.

Dropping of the Atomic Bomb

August 6 1945

The United States becomes the first and only nation to use the atomic weaponry during wartime when its drops and atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Though the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan marked the end of World War II my historians argue that it also ignited the cold war.

V J Day (victory over Japan)

14 August 1945

News of the surrender was announced to the world. The sparked spontaneous celebrations over the final ending of WWII On September 2 1945 a formal surrender ceremony was held in Tokyo Bay aboared the USS Missouri. At that time Presicent Truman declared September to be V J Day.