The Garden of Children (Kindergarten) was created by Friedrich Frobel. He based his beliefs and education on the fact that children are unique with unique needs. He also created Froebel gifts, which were educational toys made especially for kids. He believed that leaning happens through play.
Morrison, G. S. (2000). Fundamentals of early childhood education (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.
(n.d.). Online Child Care Training, Resources, Networking - Child Care Lounge. Milestones: A Child Care History Timeline. Retrieved February 15, 2016, from http://www.childcarelounge.com/articles/milestones.php