Early Childhood Education History

Events

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Martin Luther was a promoter of the teaching of reading in schools. He pushed for universal education. Todays importance in reading education can be partially attributed to him.

Morrison, G. S. (2000). Fundamentals of early childhood education (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

John Locke

1632 - 1704

John Locke was known as one of the most influential thinkers. He said that teacher make children because children do what they are taught. He believed that children are molded and shaped by their experiences in life. He pushed that morals were very important to teach a child and did not believe in traits inherited.

(n.d.). Everyday Life - Global Post. John Locke's Ideas About Child Development | Everyday Life - Global Post. Retrieved February 15, 2016, from http://everydaylife.globalpost.com/john-lockes-ideas-child-development-8231.html

John Amos Comeniu

1658

John Amos Comenius created the first picture book, "Orbis Pictus", for children. He was known as the "Father of Education", and believed that education in early childhood was very important. He was an advocate for sensory learning.

(n.d.). Online Child Care Training, Resources, Networking - Child Care Lounge. Milestones: A Child Care History Timeline. Retrieved February 15, 2016, from http://www.childcarelounge.com/articles/milestones.php

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

1762

Jean-Jacques Rousseau makes it known that children are different than adults. He believed that children will be who they will be and approached their education naturally. He thought that hands-on learning was best.

Morrison, G. S. (2000). Fundamentals of early childhood education (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

Garden of Children

1837

The Garden of Children (Kindergarten) was created by Friedrich Frobel. He based his beliefs and education on the fact that children are unique with unique needs. He also created Froebel gifts, which were educational toys made especially for kids. He believed that leaning happens through play.

Morrison, G. S. (2000). Fundamentals of early childhood education (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

(n.d.). Online Child Care Training, Resources, Networking - Child Care Lounge. Milestones: A Child Care History Timeline. Retrieved February 15, 2016, from http://www.childcarelounge.com/articles/milestones.php

First public kindergarten started in St. Louis

1837

Susan Blow fought to bring a public school to her town. Once this happened, the public schools came up everywhere and there 400 by the time she died in 1916.

Women in History: Susan Blow, Founder of U.S. Kindergartens. (n.d.). Retrieved February 15, 2016, from http://www.historyhappenshere.org/node/6931

Maria Montessori

1870 - 1952

Maria Montessori is a name you have probably heard as the Montessori school system is being used in over 4,000 early childhood education programs. Montessori paved the way for the importance of children learning about things that they are interested in. She respected children and saw that they must be respected in order to be taught. She also believed that children learn by using their senses and being hands on in their learning techniques.

Morrison, G. S. (2000). Fundamentals of early childhood education (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

Elementary and Secondary Education Act

1965

The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) is created in 1965 to help low income families to get educations. It benefits schools in buying new and better materials and updating facilities. It also created school lunch programs to help kids get a meal for the day.

Morrison, G. S. (2000). Fundamentals of early childhood education (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

No Child Left Behind Act

2001

The No Child Left Behind Act was created to sustain the ESEA. It makes it so schools are accountable for their teaching efforts. To be funded, schools have to test and be adequate in their progress. Many oppose this act, saying that it focuses too much on standardized testing.

Morrison, G. S. (2000). Fundamentals of early childhood education (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

The Preschool for all Initiative

2013

President Obama passed an act in 2013 called the Preschool for All Initiative. It created high quality preschool nationwide. It promotes access to education for children under the ages of 4.

Expanding High Quality Preschool. (n.d.). Retrieved February 15, 2016, from https://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/education/early-childhood

Milestones: A Child Care History Timeline. (n.d.). Retrieved February 15, 2016, from http://www.childcarelounge.com/articles/milestones.php