The Timeline of Fiore
This is the Rulers Layer.
City State Rulers (of Umbra)
Kings of Umbra
Kings of Fiore
Emperors of Fiore
Grand-Divines of the Faith
Anorius Poleimos is seen as the first of the Umbran Archons to truly have the ambition to wage a war against the other états de ville (city states). His Unification war would be continued by his son and grandson before eventually resulting in the formation of the Kingdom of Umbra.
Targas Poleimos, son of Anorius, continues the Unification Wars his father began leading the armies of Umbra to victory over its nearest rivals. The war would continue on after his untimely death at the Battle of Serrino.
Gattis Poleimos, son of Targas and grandson of Anorius, finished the Unification War that his grandfather had started decades earlier. Assuming the position of Archon of Umbra following his father's death at the Battle of Serrino, Gattis was immediately tested and suffered initial defeats losing ground and facing civil strife at home because of this.
Rallying his people in their "darkest" hours, he defeated a Coalition Force and began to slowly win back the lost ground and move on to conquer the last few remaining City States. Upon the capitulation of the last of the city states, Gattis proclaimed the formation of the Kingdom of Umbra. Making himself the first King and beginning the Poleimos Dynasty.
Second King of Umbra.
Venatus I reigned during a relatively stable time. With the end of the Unification Wars (completed under his father) Umbra was able to spend time rebuilding all that had been destroyed in the wars. This earned him the nickname, "The Builder".
Third King of Umbra.
Following in the footsteps of his father, Anorius II reigned during a time of peace. This is the start of the Umbran Golden Age. During his reign, several reforms of the military were made from their formerly loose groupings into the more solid Legions for which Umbra would be famous. Anorius II earned the nickname "The Blessed" for his long reign.
Fourth King of Umbra.
Continuation of the Golden Age. Hesphion I dies young though from pneumonia and is succeeded by his cousin from the House Agassos ending the reign of House Poleimos.
Fifth King of Umbra.
Marrus Agassos succeeds his cousin Hesphion I, after the latter's untimely death at a young age from pneumonia. The throne passes without issue to House Agassos under Marrus I. Under his reign the Golden Age continues though it seems to become frayed on the edges as the lower rungs of society no longer truly feel the benefits of the post-Unification War high.
Sixth King of Umbra.
Assassinated by detractors following the passage of the Union of Thrones formerly abolishing all monarchical titles weren't directly unified by Umbra. Disgruntled and seemingly disenfranchised a civil war erupts between the Umbran Loyalists and the Umbran Rebels. Both factions put forth a new member for the throne, resulting in dual claims and shattering the Golden Age.
Seventh King of Umbra*
King following the death of his brother, Titus I, at the hands of angry nobles. Titus II will lead the Umbran Loyalists during the conflict known as the "Crown War" in which a Loyalist faction wishes to retain what had been done under the predecessors of Titus II and the Rebels which sought to undo some consolidation changes and reforms to allow the nobility to once again have more power.
Titus II was able to hold the throne for almost six years before losing the war and the throne to the Rebel forces leading to the subsequent exile of House Agassos.
Seventh King of Umbra*
Proclaimed King by the Umbran Rebels who assassinated King Titus I Agassos. Led the Rebel movement during the "Crown War" which took placed between 110 - 116. Lucius I rather than execute the former Royal House Agassos, and their King Titus II, he decided to exile them to an island to the south-east where they could live out their days with little issue. This won him the hearts and minds of the people who saw him as just and caring. He earned the nickname "The Kind" for various other acts throughout his reign. He founded the Hesperdes Dynasty.
Eighth King of Umbra.
Donatus succeeded his father Lucius I to the Throne of Umbra. The transition was peaceful and like following the Unification War, Donatus was fortunate for he was able to focus on rebuilding what the Crown War destroyed. During his youthful years he had been promised to the Crown Princess of the neighboring Kingdom of Heara. When the two married it was decreed that their children would be of a new dynasty and would rule one united Kingdom rather than have a difficult issue of who would inherit what. This new Kingdom would be called Fiore.
First King of Fiore.
The son of Donatus I, King of Umbra and Rhea III, Queen of Heara, Targas II became the first sovereign of a new nation, the Kingdom of Fiore. It would be ruled in the style of Heara but the capital would be Umbra due to its size and location. This allowed both former nations' nobility and citizens to stand together in uncertain times. Targas II had a very long reign and ensured continued prosperity for his people. He earned the nickname "The Grandfather"
Second King of Fiore.
Anorius III took what his grandfather Targas II built and began a series of wars against the neighboring Kingdoms of Alclaire and Picreus. The wars took the complete duration of his reign and Anorius III died in battle against the combined forces of Alclaire and Picreus though his forces under his own son, Gattis II were victorious and this led to the annexation of Alclaire and the disarmament of Picreus. Anorius III is known as "The Red"
Third King of Fiore.
Ascended following the death of his father in the last battle of the "Neighborly Wars" against Alclaire and Picreus. Gattis II won the battle, buried his father and annexed Alclaire. Over the course of his long reign Gattis II was able to annex Picreus through a royal marriage to their Crown-Princess. He then turned his attention from the homelands of Fiore to the southern kingdoms. There he began the "War of Reckoning" against them bringing in great riches through the spoils. The war took the duration of his reign from the half way point onward. It would be officially completed under his son.
Fourth King of Fiore.
Cassynder the First, finished the conquests of his father in the region of Naren. Unification through conquest roped in the majority with the few straggler states joining willingly, if out of fear.
Fifth King of Fiore.
Donatus II reigned briefly for a total of five years. He died in his sleep from a heart attack though to the physicians he appeared to simply pass quietly in his sleep. None assumed the worst as there hadn't been an assassination of a Sovereign in some time. His youngest brother ascended the throne after him.
Sixth King of Fiore.
Targas III, youngest brother of Donatus II was not desiring to sit idly by and watch the world pass up the Great Kingdom of Fiore and thus he began to assemble his armies for an invasion of the northern Realms of Ice. Unfortunately for Targas III his pomp and circumstance about the planned invasion resulted in assassins left and right being hired to kill him and his immediate heirs thus ending House Venatori's reign. He would be succeeded by the highest ranking noble of Fiore.
Seventh King of Fiore (First Queen-Regnant)
Though of no relation to Targas III, Calida I succeeded him due to her position as the Princess of Mitan, the most senior of positions in Fiore. Her influence reached throughout the entirety of the Kingdom and she began a series of reforms both enabling the nobility while placating the citizenry. When she believed they had been dealt with and her rule adequately solidified she assembled her forces in the Spring of 321 and began a war against the Royaumes d'hiver or the Realms of Winter to the north. She met with initial set backs such as the mountain passes along Fiore's northern border. By 328 she had broken through the passes after nearly a decade of stalemate and began, one by one, annexing the small petty kingdoms until 344 when she ended the Winter War as it was called, in favor of an uneasy peace with the remaining four petty kingdoms. The remainder of her reign was spent consolidating her holds in the Northern Realms, converting the populace from their "Old Gods" to the "Faith of Divines" and by bringing instruments of "Civilization" from Fiore to its new provinces.
Eight King of Fiore.
Cephorus I is assassinated by his cousin, Alexius, on the steps of the Senate building in the capital of Umbra. This leads to the War of Flowers between Houses Œillet and Hortensia. The two houses would continue to battle for the throne for some time before the war would finally end.
Ninth King of Fiore (First of House Hortensia)
Seen as the rightful ruler of Fiore by blood, Lucius II had the support of the Senate and the majority of the Fiorean Nobility. His support however did not extend to the colonies and their non-Fiorean nobles. This caused the War of Flowers to erupt into a full blown civil war. Lucius II scored many early victories over House Œillet by killing their pretender, Anorius IV "The Usurper" for his treachery in the murder of King Cephorus I. Lucius II however suffered a string of costly defeats at the hands of Anorius IV's son, Hesphion II who was able to gain victory. Lucius II was executed following the wars conclusion in 395 and his House was exiled to the southeast.
Ninth King of Fiore
Anorius IV is known as the "Usurper" for the fact he assassinated his own cousin, King Cephorus I on the steps of the Senate building in Umbra. He was able to secure the support of the Colonial Nobility, those states which had been conquered by Fiore throughout its history. He was unfortunately captured and the executed by the Loyalist King Lucius II of House Hortensia. Anorius IV's son, Hesphion II would go on to win the war and finish what his father started.
Tenth King of Fiore (Second of House Œillet)
Son of King Anorius IV, cousin to the murdered King Cephorus I and distant relation to King Lucius II, the young King Hesphion II was set to do great things. At least that is what some would have people believe. His initial reign was rocky as he was stuck fighting a war his father started against Lucius II following his father's assassination of their cousin, Cephorus I. Like his father before him Hesphion II was able to convince the Colonial Lords not to abandon their cause and continue the War of Flowers against House Hortensia. Upon victory over Lucius II he had the former executed, and his family exiled to an island southeast of Fiore. Unfortunately for Hesphion he suffered an infected wound that took his life only days after the war's end, passing the throne to the only legitimate member of House Œillet, his sister Aveline.
Eleventh King of Fiore (Second Queen-Regnant) and First Empress of Fiore.
Queen Aveline I, launches the Second Winter War against the remaining petty kingdoms of the Northern Realms of Winter that the Queen Calida had left following her own war some time prior. Aveline met with great success at the onset but was bogged down for several years before finally breaking several enemy sieges and successfully killing several of the enemy leaders in the Battle of Fjord's Break. With the total capitulation of the Realms of Winter, Aveline seized the opportunity to reform Fiore into an Empire and proclaim herself as the First Imperial Sovereign of a new state. This signaled the rise of Fiore in the region as a nation of prominence and the spread of the Faith to those who were conquered.
Second Imperial Sovereign of Fiore (First Emperor)
Julius I followed on the heels of his own mother, the Empress Aveline I, and fortunately for him his reign was stable. Though with that stability and the long reign of his mother, Julius I only reigned for a handful of years before becoming so ill that he decided to abdicate to his grandson the eighteen year old Prince Lysander.
Second Emperor of Fiore
Lysander I ascended to the throne, skipping his elder cousins, uncles and father as his grandfather decided it best to abdicate to a "younger" generation so as to allow for a prolonged reign. Lysander was but eighteen upon his ascension, too young to be experienced in state-craft but old enough to avoid having a Regency. This ended up creating a surprisingly well thought out system. Lysander surrounded himself with many of the most skilled and brilliant minds, leaning on them so he could learn and make sure that his decisions were well founded rather than that on a whim. He allowed the nobility more freedoms to placate them but at the same time divest some of the authority of the throne that had been solidified over the years. His reign was exceptionally long and prosperous. Upon his death he earned the nickname "The Great" and the throne passed to his grandson.
Third Emperor of Fiore
Gattis III, grandson of Julius i, reigned during a continued era of prosperity. While he reigned for just over ten years it was pleasant and little of note happened. His reign is only remembered for coming before the Shadow War.
Second Empress of Fiore (Fourth Imperial Sovereign)
Attia I's reign was troubled though it was long. An event known as the Shadow War consumed the entirety of her reign, that of her successor and their successor. The start of the war came in 533 when some nobles are believed to have begun openly rebelling against Fiorean rule. Attia I had the rebellion snuffed out quickly with extreme prejudice and force giving rise to a series of challengers to her throne and that of Fiore. The conflict raged on.
Fourth Emperor of Fiore (Fifth Imperial Sovereign)
The Reign of Aurelius I was marred by the Shadow War. He was unable to rule for more than eleven years as he was assassinated in the Grand Cathedral of the Divines in Umbra. Struck down by an assassin disguised as a monk. The situation sparked great controversy and his death forced the war upon his young son who ascended the throne at fourteen and thus a Regency under his uncle was created.
Fifth Emperor of Fiore
Arcadia I ascended to the throne at the tender age of Fourteen following his father's assassination at the hands of Rebel Lords. This also meant that not only did Arcadian become the youngest Sovereign of Fiore, the first to have a Regency (fortunately under his wise uncle) but he also inherited the Shadow War. For the first few years there were major set backs as the Rebel Lords gained extensive holds throughout Fiore. This however ended upon the full ascension of Arcadian I to the Eternal Throne. Once in command and having been tutored in war by his Uncle and Generals the young Emperor set out personally to quell the rebellions. His mind and charisma conquered many hearts and minds along with dealing serious blows to the Rebel Lords support among their own people. He bled them not just on the battle field but at home as well. The war was finally ended following his victory at the Battle of Le Claire. The remainder of his long reign was dealt with securing the home front and rebuilding from the Shadow War.
Wars, Conflicts, Etc.
The Unification War started by Archon Anorius Poleimos would not be finished until his grandson Gattis Poleimos was able to secure victory over the few remaining city states that had resisted three generation's of Archons wars. It is following the end of the Unification War that Archon Gattis forms the Kingdom of Umbra, begins the Poleimos Dynasty and sets up the Kingdom for a Golden Age.
The Crown War is the conflict following the Assassination of King Titus I of Umbra by Rebel Lords angered by his reforms that stripped them of some of their rights and powers. The conflict spiraled as Rebel Lords proclaimed Lucius Hesperdes as the new King while the Loyalists backed Titus' brother as Titus II. The war lasted six years and resulted in the Rebel's victory and the ascension of Lucius Hesperdes as Lucius I to the throne of Umbra. House Agassos under Titus II were exiled to an island to the south-east rather than executed.
Or the "Neighborly Wars" were a series of conflicts fought by King Anorius III against the neighboring Kingdoms of Alclaire and Picreus in which he was able to annex Alclaire but not Picreus, though he forced the latter to disarm and pay reparations. Anorius was actually killed in the last battle though his son Gattis II finished the battle and ended the war.
The War of Reckoning.
This conflict started by Gattis II and finished by Cassynder I was a war in which Fiore turned its attention south to the various Kingdoms of Naren. This collection of petty kingdoms, duchies and other states were loosely unified by a single King but with his untimely death the region became ripe for the taking and Gattis II seized the opportunity to expand Fiore.
The Winter War,
Fought by Calida I, Queen-Regnant of Fiore against the Northern Realms of Winter. The first seven years of the war were a near stalemate as Fiore was unable to secure passage through the mountains along its northern borders. By 328 however Queen Calida had secured a pass and began an all out offensive which would see the fall of many of the petty kingdoms of the north. She ended the war on uneasy terms in 344 leaving several of the larger petty kingdoms intact for someone else to wage war with in the future.
The War of Flowers between Houses Œillet and Hortensia following the assassination of King Cephorus I on the steps of the Senate building by his cousin carried on for some time before House Œillet emerged victorious in the end. House Hortensia was exiled to an island to the southeast of Fiore, the same island that Hosue Agassos had been exiled too following their loss in a civil war centuries prior.
The Second Winter War,
Was the final conflict against the Northern Realms of Winter by Fiore. In this conflict the Queen Aveline I of Fiore fought a successful war to conclusion against the scattered petty kingdoms of the north that had evaded conquest in the First Winter War by the Queen Calida some time prior. Aveline upon victory in the war reformed the Great Kingdom of Fiore into the Empire of Fiore. This entity would retroactively be known after the Great Revolution as Imperial Fiore.
Annexations, Assassinations of notable figures, and other major historic landmarks.
Umbra's Kingdom was established following Gattis I's successful end of the Unification War.
Formation of the Kingdom of Fiore by the unification of Heara and Umbra following the death of the King of Umbra, Donatus I and thus passing his crown to his son. This son also inheirits the Kingdom of Heara from his mother. This is the unification of the Twin Kingdoms.
The Imperial Era
This era is characterized by the fact that Fiore was reformed into an Empire from a Great Kingdom at the start, and then in 1609 the Empire is abolished and Revolutionary Theocracy takes over. Several points of interest would be the various conflicts, houses, dynasties and major events that took place in this era.
Proclamation of the Eternal Throne by Queen Aveline I.
This reforms the Great Kingdom of Fiore into the Empire of Fiore. She then proclaims herself Empress and begins the Imperial Era for the entirety of the nation. This comes as modern day Castarcia and Vargenang's predecessor states were annexed finally through a long legacy of wars.
The Revolutionary Interregnum is a period in Fiorean history where there was not a centralized figure who held sway over the politics of the nation. Anti-Monarchists had seized on a succession crisis and abolished the monarchy, though the backlash from the nobility and general populace led to the Anti-Monarchist Government being seen as illegitimate. Many tried to rise into various positions claiming various titles such as President, Chancellor, Prime Minister, even a King and Emperor or two. The Interregnum finally ended in 1620 when the Theocrats under the Grand-Divine took power and proclaimed the Theocracy.
The Great Revolution
This is the end of the Monarchy and the rise of the Theocracy though it wouldn't be solidified until 1620 when the Revolutionary Republic ended in flames. The Great Revolution was sparked with a succession crisis in the monarchy where anti-monarchists seized on the opportunity and declared the abolition of the Throne. This however was a "Jumped Gun" where many were not fully in support of this. Maybe a weakening of the Monarchy but total abolition made many feel uncomfortable. A brief chaotic period ensued and for eleven years the political field was strewn with casualties until in 1620 the Theocrats under the Grand-Divine seized power and ended the conflict.
The Divine Era is characterized by two Periods. The First is the Isolation which ran from 1650 until 1820. The Second is known as the Awakening which lasted from 1820 until the death of the Grand-Divine Hesperine in January of 2016 which also subsequently ended the Divine Era as the Theocrats no longer maintained ultimate control of the government.