Jewish History

Historic Periods

TaNaCh (Biblical) Period

3760 BCE - 332 BCE


3760 BCE - 1272 BCE

First Temple Period

1000 BCE - 586 BCE

Second Temple Period

516 BCE - 70 CE

Tanaic Period

10 CE - 220 CE

Amoraic Period

0221 - 500 CE

Control of the Land of Israel

Babylonian Period

586 BCE - 332 BCE

Hellenistic Period

332 BCE - 63 BCE

Roman Period

63 BCE - 323 CE

Byzantine Period

324 CE - 638 CE

Muslim Period

638 CE - 1099 CE

Crusader Period

1099 CE - 1260 CE

Marmeluks Period

1260 CE - 1516 CE

Ottoman Period

1516 CE - 1917 Ce

British Mandate Period

1917 CE - 1948 CE

State of Israel

1948 - 2015

Israel Autonomic Periods

United Kingdom of Israel

1050 BCE - 930 BCE

Kingdom of Judah

930 BCE - 586 BCE

Kingdom of Israel

929 BC - 722 BCE

Hasmonean Dynasty in Judea

140 BCE - 37 BCE


Adam and Eve

3760 BCE


1812 BCE

Exodus from Egypt

1312 BCE

Moses Dies; Israelites Enter Canaan

1217 BCE

Temple of Solomon erected

966 BC

Kingdom of Israel Exiled by Assyrians

722 BCE

Destruction of the First Temple

586 BCE

Cyrus the Great of Persia allows Jews to return to Jerusalem

538 BCE

"Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying, Thus says Cyrus king of Persia: All the kingdoms of the earth the LORD God of heaven has given me. And He has commanded me to build Him a house at Jerusalem which is in Judah. Who is among you of all His people? May the LORD his God be with him, and let him go up!" - 2 Chronicles 36:22-23

Who says of Cyrus, 'He is My shepherd, And he shall perform all My pleasure, Saying to Jerusalem, You shall be built," And to the temple, "Your foundation shall be laid." ' - Isaiah 44:28

Ezra and Nehemia build the Second Temple

516 BCE

Alexander the Great conquers Israel

Approx. 332 BCE

Maccabees defeat the Greeks and rededicate the Temple

Approx. 200 BCE

Destruction of the Second Temple

70 BCE

"The countryside like the City was a pitiful cite; for where once there had been a lovely vista of woods and parks there was nothing but desert and stumps of trees. No one - not even a foreigner - who had seen the Old Judea and the glorious suburbs of the City, and now set their eyes on her present desolation, could have helped sighing and groaning at so terrible a change; for every trace of beauty had been blotted out by war, and nobody who had known it in the past and came upon it suddenly would have recognized the place..."
- Josephus Flavious, The Jewish War

Bar Kochba Revolt

132 - 135

Mishnah Compiled

200 CE

Babylonian Talmud compiled

426 CE

The Inquisition

1478 - 1834

First Zionist Congress

August 29 1897 - August 31 1897

The Holocaust

1933 - 1945