South Asia Team Emily H.


Indus Valley/Early Harappan period

Approx. 5000 B.C.E - Approx. 4500 B.C.E

Bronze Age

Approx. 2600 B.C.E - Approx. 1300 B.C.E

Indus River Civilization

2300 B.C.E. - 1750 B.C.E.

The two main cities of this place were Harappa and Mojeno-daro. Destroyed by climate and non-Indu peoples.

Satavahana and Ikshvaku dynasties

2000 B.C.E - 300 A.D

Late Harappan and Vedic period/rise of Indo-Gangetic cultures

Approx. 1900 B.C.E - 800 B.C.E

-migration into northwest India of nomadic herding tribes from Iranian plateau

1750 BCE - 1000 BCE

Brahmanism is created

Approx. 900 BCE

Brahmanism is an early type of the Hindu faith. It includes the beliefs in reincarnation, the dharma, karma, and the caste system.

Rise of 16 mahajanapadas and other regional powers

800 BCE - 600 BCE

Buddhism ad Jainism are created

500 BCE

Alexander the Great Invades South Asia

326 BCE

Sanskritic Culture is developing

250 BCE

Major texts of Hindu tradition take shape: Mahabharata, Ramayana, codification of laws, grammar, science, arts; Gods Shiva, Vishnu major figures; Spread of Sanskritic culture to South India. (History of South Asia 9)

Invasions of North India

200 BCE

Invasions by Central Asian tribes: Bactrian Greeks; Sakas; Kushans. (History of South Asia 10)

The Kushan Dynasty

Approx. 78 BCE - Approx. 200 CE

The Kushans invaded North India and established a dynasty.

Gupta empire controls most of north

Approx. 300 AD - Approx. 500 AD

Guptas dominate North India

320 CE - 500 CE

Early large centralized kingdoms and empires

Approx. 322 AD - 500 AD

Invasion of the Huns

Approx. 455 CE - 528 CE

Let's get down to buisness... to defeat... The Huns! -Mulan

Rajput Dynasties (North India)

Approx. 650 CE - 1335 CE

Warlike clans appear in Rajasthan.

Raids of Muhmud of Ghanzi

997 - 1027

Delhi Sultanate

1192 CE - 1526 CE

Turko-Afghan chieftains establish sultanate at Delhi; dominate North India.

Vijayanagar Empire

1336 - 1646

Rise of Hindu kingdom in South India; Independent of Muslim rulers until destruction of capital city in 1565.

Rise of Hindu kingdom in South India

1336 - 1646

Portugese traders arrive in India


Mughal Empire

1526 - 1858

Mughal empire unifies North and parts of South India under its rule; Amalgam of Persian and Indian culture created in its courts and territories.

European Trade in India Thrives


Establishment of trading outposts in India: Dutch (1609); English (1612); French (1674)

Battle of Plassey


Victory over Nawab of Bengal gives East India company control of Bengal and begins expansion of British power in India.

British India

Approx. 1800

Political dominance of British introduces Western culture, language, methods of government, technology into urban administrative centers.

Partition of india and Pakistan


Independence from British rule and Partition of British India into modern countries of India and Pakistan (East and West).

Bangladesh is formed


War between East and West Pakistan results in separation of Pakistan into two states: Pakistan and Bangladesh.