Music History for Group Class 9/1/2015

Events in the History of Music

Aria and Recitative become independent (opera)

1648

Baroque Era

1650 - 1750

Characteristics: ornate objects and music (ornamentation); motor rhythm, polyphonic (multiple melodies) writing, binary (two-part) forms are popular

Minuet popular

Approx. 1650 - Approx. 1860

Baroque Era

1650

Ornate art of all kinds (ornamentation in music); motor rhythm; binary (two`part) forms; polyphonic (multiple melodies)

Bartolomeo Cristofori

1655 - 1731

Watch an original Cristofori in action. Incidentally, you will play this piece in Book 6

Clarinet invented

1655

Henry Purcell

1659 - 1695

English composer known for organ and keyboard as well as chamber orchestra compositions

Paris Opera opened

1671

J. S. Bach

Approx. 1685 - Approx. 1750

This year also is considered to be the onset of the BAROQUE PERIOD in music history.

D. Scarlatti

1685 - 1757

Handel

1685 - 1759

3 great composers born in 1685!

First organ built in the Colonies

1704

Philadelphia

Handel writes "Water Music"

1717

Listen to at least the first 5 minutes of the Water Music to hear the use of the brass over that "motor rhythm".

Piano invented

Approx. 1721

See an article and more photos of the earliest pianos

Vivaldi composes "The Four Seasons"

1726

Very popular Spring

Franz Joseph Haydn

1732 - 1809

Classical Era

1750 - 1820

Music for Music's sake; strict forms; homophonic texture

Classical Era

1750

Music for Music's Sake; homophonic (1 melody with accompaniment); balanced phrasing and forms; ABA and ABACA and Sonata-Allegro forms popular

Muzio Clementi

1752 - 1832

Mozart

1756 - 1791

More on Mozart

Mozart writes first piece

1761

You won't want to miss hearing his first pieces

Mozart's First Symphony

1764

Ludwig v. Beethoven

1770 - 1827

Very important in the development of the piano and musical form and scope.

Mozart composed the Horn Concerto #3

1783

Someone explain why this is significant, please.
Performance here

Beethoven' hearing diminishes

Approx. 1790 - Approx. 1819

Carl Czerny

1791 - 1857

This is his teaching lineage . Follow it on the tabs ; then look at the chart and follow down from Beethoven until you get to YOU There are only 2 more teachers between Pressler and you!!!!

Beethoven writes first symphony

1799

Beethoven writes the famous 5th symphony

1807

Performance found here

Metronome

1815

Franz Gruber writes "Silent Night"

1818

World History

Elizabeth I dies at 25

1603

Very independent for that time

Galileo used telescope to chart stars

1621

Cape Cod founded

1639

Isaac Newton

1642 - 1727

Wrote "Principles of Mathematics",

Halley's Comet discovered

1656

Isaac Newton writes "Principles of Mathmatics"

1687

Salem Witch Trials

1692

Voltaire born

1694

Peter the Great builds St. Petersburg

1703

Benjamin Franklin

1706 - 1790

Statesman; inventor; author

First Lighthouse in US

1716

George Washington

1732 - 1799

Franklin stove invented

1740

Boston Tea Party

1773

American Revolution

1775 - 1781

Cook discovers Hawaii

1778

Washington elected

1789

US Constitution

1789

Smallpox Vaccine invented (E. Jennings)

1796

Lewis and Clark???

1803

Noah Webster publishes American Dictionary

1828

Louis Braille invented "Braille"

1834