Japanese Expansion Timeline - 11B

Economic Events

Meiji Restoration and Modernization

1889 - 1912

The government started to make a lot of changes after feudalism was made like building mines, shipyards, telephone systems, consumer industries, railways, ect. Building all of that made the government's finances go down so they tried to sell their industries to private investors.

Sino-Japanese War

1894 - 1895

Japans motives were to modernize the army and mimic the tactics of Germany. With the help of British, they also establish a newBy doing this, they defeated China

Anglo-Japanese Alliance

1902

This alliance was between Britain and Japan. The alliance ended Japan's diplomatic isolation. It was also the first time a military alliance had been signed between a Western and non-Western nation.

Crisis in the 1920s

1921

After Europe regaining their feet, Japan fell into and horrible economic state. Farmers suffered greatly after good harvest and the importation of cheap rice and their efforts to politically organize them were suppressed by the police. This add to the dissatisfaction with the current political system. Japan took it's biggest hit with the Wall Street Crash, leaving Japan crippled.

The Washington Conference

1921

The Washington Conference is where the Americans insisted the Anglo-Japanese Alliance should be replaced by the Four Power Treaty.

The Great Depression

1929 - 1939

The Greatest Depression was the longest depression in the Western industrialized world that effected places all over like Japan, USA, and Europe. During the Great Depression people couldn't afford the things that Japan provided like silk so Japan's export dropped by 50%.

Aggressive policy

1938

In the year 1938, the policy for japan and US change. For any Silk Goods that where sold, The US labor was paid more than the japanese labor. So the japanese got paid 16 cents and the US got paid 84C. which isnt fair.

Military Actions

The Russo-Japanese War

February 8, 1904 - September 5, 1905

The Russo Japanese war, was between Russia Empire and Japan. It was over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.There was a surprise attack against the Russians. The Russians Base in Vladivostok was destroyed by the new Japanese fleet and the Russians were forced to accept the Treaty of Portsmouth.

Japan annexes Korea

August 22, 1910 - 1910

Japan invaded korea. They effectively annexed them with the Japan-Korea treaty. There was no battle but Japan's millitary bombarded two places in Korea back in 1876 then in 1910, Korea surrendered.

Japan seizes German possession in Shandong

1914 - 1921

After world war one Japan demanded German colonial territory in China. When Germany did not obey Japan invaded the Shandong peninsula, the took over Germany's military bases. With all the allies distracted Japan issued china with the 21 demands

Japan's 21 demands

Approx. January 18, 1915 - Approx. May 25, 1915

Japan gives China a list of demands including things like China giving Japan Shandong and giving the more privileges in Manchuria. Because china doesn't want a war with Japan they complied

The Manchurian Crisis

1931 - 1933

An explosion occurred near the South Manchuria Railway. Officers claimed this was an act of the Chinese. Then there was dispute back and forth between China and Japan.

Repeal of Naval Treaties

December 29, 1934

Japan's navy disagrees with the naval treaties of Washington and London. This allows the Japanese to create a bigger and more powerful navy. This is important to Japanese Expansion because this can make Japan's navy one of (if not) the strongest navies in the world.

The 2nd Sino Japanese War

1937 - 1945

Japanese and Chinese forces continued to disagree. Japan was preparing for a huge war with the Soviets. China was a waste of assets. But, Japan wanted China to accept the new authority.

The Rape of Nanjing

December 13, 1937 - January 1938

Japan captures capital of China and proceeds to kill, rape and destroy the city and it's people. Anywhere from 50,000-300,000 people died in the massacre. This is important to Japanese Expansion because it shows their force and shows how violent and unrelenting they can be.

Foreign Policy Events

The Treaty of Kanagawa

1854

The Treaty of Kanagawa was signed with the USA in 1854 to the open Shimoda and Hakodate to American trade. It allowed the U.S. to have a consulate in Japan. This was Japan's first treaty with a Western nation.

treaty of Tientsin signed with china

1858 - 1860

. The Second French Empire, United Kingdom, Russian Empire, and the United States were the parties involved. These unequal treaties opened more Chinese ports.to the foreigners, permitted foreign legations in the Chinese capital Beijing, allowed Christian missionary activity, and legalized the import of opium.

The Anglo-Japanese Alliance

1902 - 1923

An agreement between Britain and Japan to protect their interest in China and Korea by stopping Russian expansion after World War I. In interest of the agreement, Japan fought on the side of the Allies in World War I. After failing to get the United States to join the alliance, Britain let the deal lapse because to protect their relationship with them. This caused Japan to want to expand more so other nations would take them seriously.

Japan annexes Korea

1905 - 1910

On 22 August 1910, Japan effectively annexed Korea with the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910 signed by Lee Wan-yong, Prime Minister of Korea, and Terauchi Masatake, who became the first Japanese Governor-General of Korea. The treaty became effective the same day and was published one week later. Under the annexation treaty, the Korean emperor handed sovereign power over his country to the Japanese emperor “completely and forever.”

The "Twenty-One Demands" are made on China

1915

The 21 Demands were a demonstration of Japan's willingness to move upon China as a way to expand their empire. The impact of this was that it took away most of China's sovereignty and added to their militarism.

Japan seizes German possessions in Shandong

There was no large-scale mobilization of the economy. They used it to control all of China.