Nathan's Year 4 Timeline


The Second Boer War wages in Africa

1899 ad - 1901 ad

Introduction of "Brownie" camera makes photography open to amateurs

1900 ad

Max Planck develops quantum theory

1900 ad

Queen Victoria dies, bringing an end to the Victorian Age of England. Her son, Edward VII, comes to the throne

1901 ad

Theodore Roosevelt serves first term as President after McKinley is assassinated

1901 ad - 1904 ad

Guglielmo Marconi sends the first wireless transatlantic message

1902 ad

Marconi relied heavily on the work of Nikola Tesla, Oliver Lodge, and others to develop radio communications. Marconi later commercialized and popularized radio.

The Wright brothers achieve the first successful flight in Kitty Hawk, NC

1903 ad

Construction begins on Panama Canal

1904 ad

Russo-Japanese War is fought, ending when Roosevelt mediates a peace treaty in Portsmouth, NH

1904 ad - 1905 ad

Freud publishes Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality

1905 ad

Albert Einstein publishes his theory of relativity

1905 ad

Roosevelt serves his second term as president

1905 ad - 1909 ad

San Francisco earthquake kills over 700 people

1906 ad

Roosevelt sends his Great White Fleet

1907 ad

John Arthur "Jack" Johnson becomes the first black heavyweight champion in the world

1908 ad

W.E.B. Du Bois establishes the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

1909 ad

William Howard Taft is president

1909 ad - 1913 ad

Great Britain lays the worlds first oil pipeline in Persia

1910 ad

146 people die in a fire at Manhattan's Triangle Shirtwaist Factory

1911 ad

Revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen establishes a new republic in South China

1911 ad

Yuan Shikai is President of the Republic of China

1912 ad - 1916 ad

Sun Yat-sen Establishes the Republic of China

1912 ad

1,517 people perish when "unsinkable" Titanic sinks

1912 ad

Ottoman Empire collapses: Great European powers carve it up

1912 ad

Sixteenth Amendment authorizes an income tax

1913 ad

Seventeenth Amendment provides for direct election of senators

1913 ad

Wilson signs the Underwood Tariff Act, reducing or eliminating import tariffs

1913 ad

Woodrow Wilson is president

1913 ad - 1921 ad

Congress passes Federal Reserve Act, the most wide-reaching banking bill in the nation's history

1913 ad

The failure of the Schlieffen Plan and the final battles of the Race to the Sea necessitate trench warfare on the Western Front

1914 ad

Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand sparks World War I

1914 ad

Congress passes Clayton Antitrust Act, the Adamson Act (8-hour day for railroad workers) and Child Labor Act

1914 ad

Balkan campaign fails for Austria-Hungary

1914 ad

The Allies lose 50,000 men in the disasterous Dardanelles campaign (Gallipoli)

1915 ad

Italy joins the Allies

1915 ad

German U-boats sink Lusitania

1915 ad

Alexi Brusilov launches his campaign against Austria-Hungary

1915 ad

Germans utilize poison gas against Allied troops during the Second Battle of Ypres

1915 ad

Both the Allies and the Central Powers claim victory at the Battle of Jutland

1916 ad

Over a million men die at the Battle of Verdun

1916 ad

Over a million men die in the Battle of Somme

1916 ad

The British Issue the Balfour Declaration, Supporting a Jewish Homeland in Palestine

1917 ad

China Dissolves into Civil War and Chaos

1917 ad

Jerusalem is overtaken by the Allies

1917 ad

Police arrest White House suffragette picketeres

1917 ad

Wilson ends diplomatic relations with Germany after Germans sink the U.S.S. Housatonic.

February 1917

Wilson's administration makes the Zimmermanm Note public to Americans.

March 1917

Congress declares war on Germany

April 1917

The heartbreaking Third Battle of Ypres (known as Passchendaele) takes thousands of lives.

July 1917 - November 1917

Italians are devastated at the Battle of Caporetto.

October 1917 - November 1917

Bolsheviks take over the Russian Government

November 1917

October according to the old Russian Calender

Russian Civil War is fought between Reds (Communists) and Whites (Anti-Communist)

1918 ad - 1920 ad

Wilson announces his Fourteen Points for a just peace

January 1918

Russia signs the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, conceding enormous amounts of land and people to Germany.

March 1918

Germany breaks Allied line on the Western Front during Spring Offensive

March 1918

U.S. Troops help Allies win Second Battle of Marne

July 1918 - August 1918

Allies break the Hindenburg Line and pursue the retreating Germans

September 1918

Ottoman Empire Collapses

October 1918

Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates

November 1918

Allies and Germans agree to an armistice, effective at 11 a.m.

November 11, 1918

British Fire on Indians in the Amritsar Massacre

1919 ad

Germany is forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles

1919 ad

Nineteenth Amendment gives women the right to vote

1920 ad

First radio network broadcast

1920 ad

Eighteenth Amendment prohibits the manufacture and sale of alcohol in the United States

1920 ad

Mao Participates in the First Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)

1921 ad

Congress refuses to ratify the Treaty of Versailles or join the League of Nations

1921 ad

Warren Harding is President

1921 ad - 1923 ad

Stalin is named the general secretary of the Russian Communist Party

1922 ad

Mussolini secures dictatorial powers in Italy

1922 ad

Calvin Coolidge is President

1923 ad - 1929 ad

Hitler is arrested and put in prison, where he writs Mein Kampf after a failed Beer Hall Putsch

1923 ad

The CCP and the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) Unite to Fight Against Japanese Invaders

1923 ad

Gandhi Begins the Great Fast Opposition to Hindu-Muslim Violence

1924 ad

Lenin Dies

1924 ad

J. Edgar Hoover becomes head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation

1924 ad

Chiang Kai-shek Becomes the Leader of the KMT

1925 ad

Scopes Trial

1925 ad

Robert Goddard launches the first modern rocket

1926 ad

Mao Forms the Red Army

1927 ad

Charles Lindbergh successfully flies an airplane nonstop from New York to Paris

1927 ad

Stalin introduces the first Five-Year Plan to expand the U.S.S.R.'s military and industry

1928 ad

Stalin rules as undisputed dictator of the Soviet Union

1929 ad - 1953 ad

Herbert Hoover serves as President

1929 ad - 1933 ad

The stock market crashes on Black Tuesday

1929 ad

FDR becomes governor of New York

1929 ad

Gandhi Leads the Salt March to Protest British Rule

1930 ad

Stalin persecutes church members and leaders, drastically reducing active churches in the U.S.S.R.

1930 ad - 1939 ad

Stalin forces a secret famine in the Ukraine and other rich farming areas in order to break the people's resistance to his seizure of personal property

1932 ad - 1934 ad

15,000 veterans march on Washington D.C., demanding to be paid their bonus insurance early

1932 ad

Twenty-first Amendment is ratified, repealing prohibition

1933 ad

Twentieth Amendment is ratified

1933 ad

Roosevelt has His First Fireside Chat

1933 ad

Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany in January

1933 ad

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is Established

1933 ad

In Late February, the Reichstag is burned to the Ground

1933 ad

In March, the Enabling Act is Passed, and Hitler Becomes Dictator of Germany

1933 ad

Franklin D. Roosevelt serves as President

1933 ad - 1945 ad

Mao Leads Army on the Long March

1934 ad - 1935 ad

A drought hits the Great Plains, causing the Dust Bowl and displacing 60% of the Plains population

1934 ad

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) is Established

1935 ad

Congress Passes the Social Security Act

1935 ad

Italy Invades Ethiopia

1935 ad

Works Progress Administration (WPA) Begins

1936 ad

Boulder Dam (Later Hoover Dam) is Completed

1936 ad

German Troops Occupy Rhineland

1936 ad

Francisco Franco Leads the Nationalists Against the Left-Wing Republicans in the Spanish Civil War

1936 ad - 1939 ad

Japan Seizes the Main Ports of China and Commits Many Heinous Acts Against the Chinese People

1937 ad - 1938 ad

Demanding Anschluss (unification), Germany Takes Over Austria

1938 ad

British "White Paper" Policy Limits Jewish Immigration Into Palestine

1939 ad

Franco Turns Spain Into a Fascist State

1939 ad

Japan Invades Chinese Manchuria

1939 ad

Hitler and Stalin Sign a Non-Aggression Pact to Divide Poland

1939 ad

Germany Seizes the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia Under the Munich Agreement

1939 ad

Germany Invades Poland. Hitler and Stalin Divide Polish Lands and People Between Them

September 1, 1939

Soviets Invade Finland

November 30, 1939

Finland Surrenders to U.S.S.R.

March 12, 1940

Nazi Troops Invade Norway and Denmark

April 9, 1940

German Armies Invade Belgium and Holland

May 10, 1940

Miracle of Dunkirk Rescue

May 27, 1940

Battle of France Ends When France Signs an Armistice with Germany

June 12, 1940

Battle of Britain is Fought

July 10, 1940 - Sept 17, 1941

United States Repeals the Neutrality Act of 1935 and Passes the Lend-Lease Act

March 11, 1941

German Army Unleashes the First Airborne Invasion in History on the Island of Crete

May 20, 1941 ad

Hitler Launches Operation Barbarossa and Invades the U.S.S.R.

June 22, 1941

Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

U.S. Declares War on Japan, Entering WWII

Dec 8, 1941

Executive Order 9066 Directs All Japanese-Americans to Relocation Camps in the American West

February 19, 1942

Bataan, the Last Defense of the Philippines Falls to the Japanese

April 1942

Japan's Advance is Stopped by the U.S. at the Battle of the Coral Sea

May 1942

U.S. Victory at the Battle of Midway is the Turning Point of the War in the Pacific

June 1942

General Montgomery Defeats Rommel at the Battle of El Alamein in Africa

October 1942

The Germans Surrender to the Soviets at the Battle of Stalingrad

February 2, 1943

German Officers Attempt to Assassinate Hitler

July 1943

Allies Liberate Rome

June 4, 1944

Allied Troops Land in Normandy On D-Day

June 6, 1944

Nuremburg Trials are Held

1945 ad - 1946 ad

Harry Truman Serves as President

1945 ad - 1953 ad

FDR, Churchill and Stalin Meet in Yalta

February 1945

U.S. Bombs Dresden, Killing 135,000

February 1945

Iwo Jima and Okinawa are Taken by the Allies

March 1945 - April 1945

President Roosevelt Dies

April 12, 1945

Soviet Army Surrounds Berlin

April 16, 1945

Hitler Commits Suicide

April 30, 1945

Victory in Europe (V-E Day)

May 8, 1945

Atomic Bomb Dropped on Hiroshima

August 6, 1945

Atomic Bomb Dropped on Nagasaki

August 9, 1945

Japan Announces Surrender (V-J Day)

August 15, 1945

The United Nations Charter is Ratified

October 1945

Churchill's "Iron Curtain" Speech

1946 ad

Soviet Communists Take Control of Bulgaria and Romania

1946 ad

Yugoslavia Joins the Communist Bloc

1946 ad

Soviet Communists Take Control of Poland and Hungary

1947 ad

President Truman Issues the Truman Doctrine Supporting the Containment of Communism

1947 ad

Marshall Plan Offers Aid to European Countries

1947 ad

United Nations Authorizes Sovereign Jewish State

1947 ad

Baby Boom Marks a Dramatic Increase in U.S. Births

1947 ad - 1961 ad

Pakistan Becomes an Independent Nation: Mohammad Ali Jinnah is Pakistan's First Governor-General

Aug 14, 1947

India Becomes an Independent Nation: Jawaharlal Nehru is the First Prime Minister of India

August 15, 1947

Berlin Airlift

1948 ad - 1949 ad

Czechoslovakia Becomes a Soviet Satellite State

1948 ad

Israel is Officially Declared a State

1948 ad

Israel Fights Brief War for Independence Against Five Arab States

1948 ad - 1949 ad

Gandhi is Assassinated

1948 ad

Soviets Successfully Test a Nuclear Bomb

1949 ad

Allies Merge Their Occupied Territories in Germany to Create West Germany

1949 ad

Israel Enters the United Nations

1949 ad

Mao Defeats Chiang and Declares the People's Republic of China

1949 ad

North American Treaty Organization (NATO) is Formed

1949 ad

Joseph McCarthy Conducts Investigations

1950 ad - 1953 ad

Korean War is Fought

1950 ad - 1953 ad

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are Tried and Executed as Communist Spies

1951 ad - 1953 ad

Twenty-Second Amendment Limits Presidents to Two Terms

1951 ad

Nikita Khrushchev Leads the U.S.S.R. After Stalin's Death

1953 ad - 1964 ad

Dwight D. Eisenhower is President of the U.S.

1953 ad - 1961 ad

Mao's Five Year Plan is Announced

1953 ad

Jonas Salk's Polio Vaccine Ends the Polio Epidemic

1955 ad

Ray Kroc Founds the McDonald's Corporation

1955 ad

Mao Initiates the Hundred (Many) Flowers Campaign, Followed by His Anti-Rightest Campaign

1956 ad - 1957 ad

Construction of an Interstate Highway System Begins

1956 ad

Elvis Presley Stars on the Ed Sullivan Show, Performing His New Rock 'n' Roll Music

1956 ad

The Little Rock Nine Attend a Previously All-White High School

1956 ad

The U.S.S.R.'s Sputnik I Orbits the Earth

1957 ad

Mao's Great Leap Forward Begins; It Ends With the Worst Famine in World History

1957 ad - 1961 ad

Khruschchev and Mao Disagree, Causing Khrushchev to Reduce Soviet Aid to China

1958 ad

Fidel Castro Takes Control of Cuba

1959 ad

Seventy Anti-Apartheid Protesters are Massacred by the South African Government

1960 ad

The Greensboro Four Sit in at a White-Only Lunch Counter, Igniting a Flame of Civil Rights Sit-Ins

1960 ad

The Peace Corps Is Established

1961 ad

Alliance for Progress Program Offers Aid to South American Countries

1961 ad

Freedom Riders Test the Supreme Court's Decision to Desegregate Interstate Buses

1961 ad

Khrushchev Orders the Berlin Wall to Be Built

1961 ad

John F. Kennedy Serves as President of the U.S.

1961 ad - 1963 ad

Bay of Pigs Invasion Fails

1961 ad

James Meredith Becomes the First Black Student at the University of Mississippi

1962 ad

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962 ad

King is Arrested and Writes "Letter from a Birmingham Jail."

1963 ad

South Vietnam's President Diem is Assassinated

1963 ad

Lyndon B. Johnson is President of the U.S.

1963 ad - 1969 ad

Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Begins the White Revolution in an attempt to Modernize Iran

1963 ad

President John F. Kennedy is Assassinated

Nov 22, 1963

Congress Passes Over 90 Bills as a Part of Johnson's Great Society Initiative

1964 ad - 1965 ad

Civil Rights Act of 1964 Becomes Law

1964 ad

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

1964 ad

Malcom X is Assassinated

1965 ad

"Bloody Sunday" Occurs in Selma, Alabama

1965 ad

Voting Rights Act of 1965 Becomes Law

1965 ad

Race Riots Occur in Major U.S. Cities, Especially Watts Los Angeles

1965 ad

Mao Initiates the Cultural Revolution in China

1966 ad

Martin Luther King Jr., Is Assassinated

1968 ad

Robert Kennedy is Assassinated

1968 ad

The North Vietnamese Gain a Political (Not Military) Triumph Through the Tet Offensive

1968 ad

Half a Million People Attend Woodstock Festival

1969 ad

Neil Armstrong Takes the First Step on the Moon

1969 ad

Richard Nixon is President

1969 ad - 1974 ad

The. U.S. Table-Tennis Team is Invited to a Table-Tennis Tournament in China, Thus beginning the Repairing of Relations Between U.S. and China

1971 ad

Palestinians Known as the Black September Take Nine Israelis Hostage at the Olympics in Munich

1972 ad

OPEC Places the First Oil Embargo on the U.S.

1973 ad

Arab-Israeli War (or Yom Kippur War)

1973 ad

U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War Ends

1973 ad

The Supreme Court Rules that Woman have the Right to Abortion in Roe v. Wade

1973 ad

Vice President Spiro Agnew Resigns and is Replaced With Gerald Ford

1973 ad

President Nixon Resigns After the Watergate Scandal

1974 ad

Ford Pardons Nixon

1974 ad

Gerald Ford is President

1974 ad - 1977 ad

South Vietnam Falls to Communist North Vietnam

1975 ad

Mao Zedong Dies at the Age of 82

1976 ad

Jimmy Carter is President

1977 ad - 1981 ad

James Warren Jones Leads the Jonestown Massacre

1978 ad

Camp David Accords Promote Peace Between Israel and Egypt

1978 ad

OPEC Enforces Another Oil Embargo

1979 ad

Khomeini Leads the Iranian Revolution and Declares Iran an Islamic Republic

1979 ad

Economic Reform Called the Four Modernization is Carried Out in China

1979 ad

Iranian Hostage Crisis

1979 ad - 1981 ad

The U.S.S.R. Invades Afghanistan

1979 ad

Saddam Hussein Makes Himself President of Irag

1979 ad

Three Mile Island Nuclear Plant Accident Occurs

1979 ad

Iran-Iraq War is Fought

1980 ad - 1988 ad

Ronald Reagan is President

1981 ad - 1989 ad

Congress Investigates the Iran-Contra Scandal

1986 ad

The Space Shuttle "Challenger" Explodes

1986 ad

About 1,000 Protesters are Killed by Communist Troops at Tiananmen Square Beijing

1989 ad

George H. W. Bush is President

1989 ad - 1993 ad

The Berlin Wall Separating East (Communist) Berlin and West Berlin is Torn Down

1989 ad

Saddam Hussein Invade Kuwait

1990 ad

The U.S.S.R. Officially Dissolves

1991 ad

Operation Desert Storm (Persian Gulf War of 1991) Commences in an Effort to Liberate Kuwait

1991 ad