Buffalo Grove History Timeline

National Events

Louisiana Purchase

1803

Lewis & Clark Expedition

1804

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Homestead Act

1863

Pres. Lincoln Assassinated

1865

WW I

1914 - 1918

Stock Market Crash

1929

Great Depression

1929 - 1941

Attack on Pearl Harbor

1941

WW II

1941 - 1945

Korean War

1950 - 1953

Viet Nam War

1950 - 1975

Pres. Kennedy Killed

1963

Dr. King Assassinated

1968

Bobby Kennedy Assassinated

1968

Chicago History

Du Sable builds his trading post

1770

Fort Dearborn built

1803

Fort Dearborn rebuilt

1816

Black Hawk War

1832

Chicago Fire

1871

Chicago Worlds Fair (Century of Progress)

1932

Canals

Erie Canal Constructed

1817 - 1825

Erie Canal Opens

1825

Illinois & Michigan Canal opens

1848

Chicago River's direction reversed

1892

Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal opens

1900

Illinois Waterway opens

1933

Railroad

23 miles

1830 - 1850

9,000 m

1851 - 1860

30,000

1861 - 1870

Railroad receives Land Grants

1862

This legislation grants the railroads 10 sections of public domain lands on both sides of the railway.

Railroad Land Grants doubled in size

1864

First Sleeping car (Pullman)

1865

First Refrigerator Car

1867

1st Transcontinental rail line

1869

Railroad Land Grant Policy discontinued

1871

53,000

1871 - 1880

93,000

1881 - 1889

Railroad Standard Time Adopted

1882

Interstate Commerce Act Passed

1887

Unregulated rate increases among railroads caused the legislation establishing the Interstate Commerce Commission to control aspects of the railroad industry, the first in America to be subject to regulation by a federal government agency.

164,000

1890 - 1899

First Diesel Engine introduced

1893

193,000

1900 - 1910

240,000

1900 - 1909

Height of passenger train travel

1920

Amtrack Created

1970

Auto

Ford Motor Company founded

1903

Car makes first coast to coast trip

1903

Trip took 65 days.

Greyhound Bus Lines begins

1929

Start of Federal Highway Act (Interstate Highway system)

1956

Airplanes

Wright brothers first flight at Kitty Hawk

1903

Commercial Airlines begin

1926

Lindbergh Flies Atlantic

1927

Air travel tops rail travel

1957

Buffalo Grove History

Potawatomi Indian Lands

1800 - 1834

First Settlers (sold out to Germans)

1834 - 1839

2nd wave of Settlers (Weidner)

1847

St. Mary Parish founded

1852

First school (St. Mary)

1855

1st Tavern Opened

1899

Cheese Factory

1900

64 farms, population of 300

Approx. 1900 - Approx. 1958

Westminster Presbyterian founded

1903

Electric power arrives

1926

First concrete road in IL (Dundee Rd.)

1930

Real Estate Developments begin

1957

Buffalo Grove Incorporated

1958

Community Planning begins

1959

Parks & Recreation Commission formed

1961

1st Buffalo Grove Days held

1962

Village Hall constructed

1968

Municipal Water System created

1969

New Fire Station

1974

BG votes for home rule status

1980

Creation of full time Municipal Fire Department

1980

New Fire Station

1981