2015 Indian History

Events

Vedic Era

Written by Wesley, Miranda, Kade, Sofia and Elise

The Caste System

1700 BC

The Caste System was important because the Aryans did live a life of being warriors and conquering. The Indus introduced them to basic Indian religions and the caste system. In this system, the priests were on top. The caste system was important because it was used for many years by the Indo-Aryans.

The Aryans invaded India and introduced the language of Sanskrit

1500 BC

The Aryans wrote and spoke in a language called Sanskrit. Sanskrit was later used in the first documentation of the Vedas. It also contributed strongly to the Indian religion. The Aryans had the largest impact on India

The Vedas were composed

1500 BC

The Vedas are the oldest available written texts of Hinduism. They are the earliest record of Indian-Aryan civilization. Veda means wisdom or knowledge. There are four Vedas: the Rig-Veda, the Sama Veda, the Yajur Veda and the Atharva Veda.

Mahajanapada Era

Written by Rachael, Olivia, Caleigh, Ben and Mr S

First Mahajanapadas are established in northern India.

750 BCE

This event is the beginning and namesake of the Mahajanapada Era. Mahajanapadas are large cities made up of smaller tribal groupings. Janapada means literally ‘land where the jana has set foot’, and mahajanapada only means a larger one one these. The sixteen great states are called Kasi, Kosala, Anga, Magadha, Vajji, Malla, Chedi, Vatsa, Kuru, Panchala, Maccha, Surasena, Assaka, Avanti, Gandhara, and Kamboja.

The Caste system is created.

700 BCE

The Caste system is still used today in India, but is highly illegal. The caste system is a system of segregation of people, each person with having a traditional occupation. The four main groups were Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras. Certain people were excluded, and called untouchables.

Siddhartha Gautama is enlightened and becomes Buddha.

527 BCE

Prince Siddhartha finds enlightenment and he changes his perspective. Prince Siddhartha then becomes a Buddha. Buddhism is a religion that is still practiced today by many people, despite it's long term use. The word Buddhism comes from the word "budhi" which means "to awaken".

Jainism is created by Prince Mahavira.

500 BCE

Jainism values self-salvation, without the assistance of any gods. They also value ahimsa, or non-injury. To do so, many Jain monks starve themselves ritually in order to harm absolutely nothing.

The Golden Age

Sydney, Ella N, Jordan, Reece, Ms Simone

The Mauryan empire conquered most of India under king Ashoka.

268 BCE

Under the reign of king Ashoka, Indian culture developed more than it ever had before. Because of this people were able to change how they acted.

King Chandragupta gave up warfare forever and converted to Buddhism

268 BCE

It affected the people because they empire lived in peace and converted to Buddhism. Since he is a king, his a role model to people so a lot of people looked up to him and converted.

Led by Mahmud of Ghazi, they raided just about every other year for 26 years straight.

319 AD

This is important because, they raided a lot of places which led to people being killed or injured, or affected by the raid. We think this is a very important event.

Islam first became a presence in Indian culture.

1001

This event is significant because even though the Muslims left and did not return for a long time, this marks the beginning of a change in belief.

Mughal Empire

Earl, Ella F, Courtney Owen and Sophie

The Battle of Panipat, which started the Mughal empire.

1526

Babar drove on toward Delhi, the battle that happened that day was called the Battle of Panipat. April 21, 1526

I think this is important because it was the first battle of two that helped Babar invade Delhi. Delhi became part of the Mughal empire.

Akbar the Great was born

1555 - 1556

In 1555, Babur’s grandson, Akbar, who was was Humayun’s son, took the crown. This was tremendous because he extended the kingdom and married a Hindu princess. He also is considered one of the greatest Mughal rulers of all time.

The Taj Mahal was built

1631

In 1631, Akbar's grandson, Shah Jahan,’s wife died during the birth of their 14th child. Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal in honor of her. This was important because now, the Taj is a very important Mausoleum. It has a lot to do with Indian culture.

Shah Jahan died

1658

In 1658, Shah Jahan started getting sick, and was believed to be dying. His four sons started a war about who would inherit the throne. His son Aurangzeb finally inherited the throne. I thought that this was important, because after that, Aurangzeb had his 3 brothers executed because he didn’t want them to start a revolution. It is also important because many innocent Indian citizens were killed.

Colonial Era

The Colonial Era took place approximately 1600-1850. This timeline was written by Ellie, Gabi, Jonathan,Fiore and Ms K

The East Indies Company started

December 31, 1600

On December 31, 1600, Queen Elizabeth allows English traders to start a trading company with India. This causes the British to begin to attempt to colonize India. This also starts off the Colonial Era and causes many wars between the British and the Indians.

The Battle of Plassey

1756 - 1757

The Battle of Plassey only lasts a few hours, but many Indian leaders of importance are killed. This results in the bribing of the new leaders by the British.

The Sepoy Mutiny

1857

The Indians revolt against the British, ending the Colonial Era, and killing many British and Indian leaders and generals.