The Fall of the (Western) Roman Empire
Spread of Christianity
Barbarians attacked Rome
By this time Christianity is the main religion of the Roman Empire. Thier loyalty was no longer towards the emperor or Rome but to Jesus.
Barbarians (anyone outside of the Roman Empire) attacked Rome. This was because Vikings, Turks, and the Hans were attacking them.
In 476, the last Roman Empire is dethroned.
Some believe that this is the reason the Middle Ages began.
Clovis becomes King of the Franks and unites them and claims the region of Gaul (modern day France.)
People begin to create nation states. Tribes are uniting, and claiming parts of Europe.
Muhammad is born (Founder of Islam).
Islam becomes a great force, as they are nomadic, they cover more ground. Huge conflict between Islam and Christianity.
The Battle of Tours between the Franks and Islamic Forces begin.
Charles Martel (King of the Franks)
The Franks defeat Islamic forces and prevent them from entering Europe for a 1000 years.
Some historian label the Battle of Tours of the most important battle of Europe.
Charlemagne (the grandson of Charles Martel) is Crowned King of the Holy Roman Empire (modern day Germany) and is considered the start of both French and German monarchs.
Vikings from Scandenavia Begin Invading Northern Europe
As Vikings attacked, Europe solidified instead of falling.
The Treaty of Verdun is Signed
After Charlemagne, his son, Louis the Pious, is crowned King. After his death, there is a conflict for the crown. As a result, it is split into three areas, and France and Germany were formed.
The Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church split without contact for 4 years.
Alfred the Great becomes the first King of the United England.
He unites England (separate tribes) under himself.
This is the time where the stories of King Arthur took place.
Alfred the Great turns back the Viking invaders.
Henry I, founder of the medieval German State, assumes the throne.
The East-West Schism
Eastern Church and Roman Catholic Church Split.
William of Normandy (also known as William the Conquerer), a French Duke, conquers England in the Battle of Hastings and becomes King of England.
Beginning of the Crusades
Battle between the Muslim and Christian worlds. Pope Urban II sees Jerusalem is taken by the Muslims and calls for the crusades.
Richard I (Richard the Lion Heart, of Robin Hood) Returns from the Crusades
Mongol Empire is Founded by Genghis Khan.
The Mongol empire begins to spread, and at its height, it was the largest land empire of the world.
The Magna Carta is signed by King John.
The Magna Carta said the King was under the law.
Marco Polo Leaves on his Journey to Asia
Hundred Year War begins between France and England for the French crown.
It began on a merchant trade in China. Some say it comes from rats, but it came from the fleas on its fur.
1/3-1/2 of the population of Europe died from the Black Death.
Joan of Arc is executed by England at age 19
Johannes Gutenburg invents the movable printing press
Ottoman Empire (the Turks) captures Constantinople (Capitol of Byzantine Empire.)