606 The Babylonian Period.
The approaching "times of the gentiles" is signaled by Nebuchadnezzar's conquest of Judah. Jerusalem is taken and the first wave of Yahuudi carried into captivity, Daniel among them. Jerusalem will soon be lose her national sovereignty as a self-governing entity from the time of the Babylonian captivity until the end of the great tribulation period. The Babylonian dominion of Israel is the head-of-gold period
(Daniel 2:36-38; 2 Kings 24:1; 2 Chronicles 36:5-6; Daniel 1:1-2; Luke 21:24).
598 Jerusalem is plundered by Nebuchadnezzar for a second time.
597 King Jehoiachin is carried captive by Nebuchadnezzar and the second wave of Yahuudi is taken into Babylon, Ezekiel among them
(2 Kings 24:10-16; 2 Chronicles 36:10; Ezekiel 1:2).
587 Zedekiah rebels against Nebuchadnezzar.
He is blinded and taken to Babylon where he dies. Zedekiah is the last king in the line of David to reign in Israel until the Messiahk reigns during the millennium
(Ezekiel 34:23-24; Jeremiah 23:5; 2 Kings 24:18-25:21; 2 Chronicles 36:13-21; Jeremiah 9:1-8).
586 9th of Av. Nebuchadnezzar burns the city, and destroys the Temple.
He murders many of the inhabitants and carries off a great number into captivity.
(2 Kings 24-25, 2 Chronicles 36).
573 Prophet Jeremiah predicts a seventy year captivity in Babylon.
The prophet Ezekiel, a captive in Babylon, receives a vision from YaH giving great detail of a future Temple that is to be built.
538 BC: The Fall of the Second Empire
The second empire fell when Cyrus defeated their army in 539 BC.
By 538 BC, the entire empire had been absorbed into the Persian Empire. Persia was a much larger and more powerful empire than Babylon had been. It stretched from the shores of Western Turkey all the way to India. Persia was recognized as the strongest empire of its time. It would later be taken by Alexander the Great.
539 Belshazzar desecrates the Temple vessels in Babylon.
Handwriting on the wall seals his fate that night as Babylon is taken by the Medes and Persians.