French Revolution

timeline

Main

Prior

Seven Years' was ends

1763

The war war was mainly between Prussia and Great Britain. A coalition of smaller German states against an alliance consisting of Austria, France, Russia, Sweden, and Saxony.

Louis XVI Becomes king

1774

People at first loved him when he came to his throne is 1774 because he was very personable. However he did not have the qualities or the willingness to be a leader.

American Declaration of Independence

1776

It justified the right to revolt against a government, that no longer guaranteed anybody's rights.

Tennis court oath

1789

This was a pledge which was signed by 576 out of 577 members from the third estate. The oath was "never to separate, and to meet wherever circumstances demand, until the constitution of the kingdom is established and affirmed on solid foundations."

The Estates General Summoned

1789

A French Congress which started the medieval period consisted of 3 estates: First Estate: the clergy - Second Estate: the nobility -Third Estate: effectively the rest of French society.

During

October Days

1789

The Harvest from the year 1789 was poor, and france was in debt. Crowds of Parisian women met at city hall and demanded bread, but they were refused. So they marched 12 miles to the royal family. They were promised grains to be sent to paris. But it wasn't enough, and they demanded the king comes with them, and when they came home together they held pikes and the heads of some guards

Fall Of The Bastile

1789

A prison located in Paris which held less than a dozen prisoners. If you listened to the rumors you would have heard that armaments were stored there to overthrow the new National Assembly. The national assembly was formed only a month before by the members of the third estate. pg. 75

All Feudal Privileges Abolished

1789

lower class people lived a much worse life than higher class people, peasants had to pay the lord, but nobles were allowed to retain their lives

Cival Constitution of the clergy

1790

This was a law passed that subordinated the Roman Catholic Church in France to the French government.

Flight to varennes

1791

King Louis XVI of France and his immediate family were unsuccessful in their attempt to escape to the fortress town of Montmedy in northeastern France, a Royalist stronghold from which the King hoped to initiate a counter-revolution.

Monarchy Overthrown

1792

After the royal family could not escape and decided to hide the government came to an end just like monarchy did (until it was restored in 1814.)

Convention Meets

1792

It held executive power in France during the first years of the French First Republic.

Marie Antoinette Executed

1793

Marie Antoinette was tried, convicted of treason and executed by guillotine 9 months after her husband.

Louis XVI Executed

1793

Louis XVI came into power at the wrong place at the wrong time. Everything that could go bad, was going bad. Perhaps the worst thing is that he married Marie Antoinette who was from austria, the people of austria and france hated each other, so right away people did not like her.

Reign of Terror Begins

1793

After Louis XVI was executed other people stepped up and however Robespierre declared terror which marked the begging of almost 2 years of terror claiming an estimating 16,000 to 40,000 people. pg.84

After

Fall Of Robespierre; Thermidor Period Begins

1794

People started questioning Robespierre after he sent his to good friends Danton and Desmoulins to the guillotine, he later was also guillotined. The Thermidorian Reaction was a revolt in the French Revolution against the excesses of the Reign of Terror. pg. 84

Directory Meets

1795

The rule of Robespierre was replaced with the directory, which was controlled by the middle class people. The days of equality were over. pg. 85