Per 3 Russian Revolution and Animal Farm Timeline

Objective: Students will research and connect events from Russian History to the allegorical book Animal Farm.

Events

Karl Joins communist league

January, 1847

Karl Joined the communist league and write the "The Communist Manifesto" on September, 1847

Karl Marx dies

March 14, 1883

Karl Marx dies in London in March, 1883.

Vladimir Lenin makes his own party

4/16/1912 - 4/17/1912

Lenin reaches St. Petersburg/Petrograd, issues "April Theses" advocating overthrow of Provisional Government.

Czar Nicolas II appoints himself Commander in Chief of Army

July 1914

The Russian army wasn’t doing well in the beginning of World War One. So Czar Nicholas II appointed himself as the commander-in-chief.

Czar Nicholas takes supreme command of Army

09/05/1915

On September 5th 1915, Czar Nicholas the 2nd took supreme command of the Russian Army.

Lenin Launches Bolshevik Revolution

1917

Lenin launches the Bolshevik Revolution and makes communism active within Russia.

Losing Support of The Army

1917

Czar Nicholas lost support of the Russian military.

Russian Revolution

1917 - 1921

Russia has a civil war over the debate of the topic, "Communism".

Held in Captivity

1917 - 1918

Czar Nicholas was held captive during this time.

verge of total collapse

Feb 1917

in early 1917 Russia was on the verge of total collapse because of Czar Nicholas's leadership.

Tzar Nicolas II abdicates the throne

2/23/1917

Russian Revolution

Approx. March 1917 - November 1917

The Russian Revolution refers to a series of revolutions that replaced the Tsarist autocracy.

Russian Revolution. (n.d.). Retrieved September 21, 2014, from http://www.history.com/topics/russian-revolutio

The Russian Orthodox Church was interrogated, and turned into an acrostic site.

September 1917

The Conversion of the Russian Orthodox Church

september 1917

The Russian Orthodox Church was converted into an acrostic site.

Bolsheviks overthrow the government

October 1917

October Revolution

October 25, 1917 - November 7, 1917

The October Revolution occurred during this time

Cheka Founded

Dec 20 1917

Cheka is founded by the Bolsheviks

Tsar Nicolas II Executed

6/17/1918

Red Terror begins

Sept 15 1918

The Cheka begin the Red Terror and try to assassinate Vladimir Lenin

Propoganda

1/1/1920

Bolsheviks began to use propoganda

Cheka reaches 200,000 members

Dec 31 1921

Russian orthodox workers murdered more than 1200 priests

1922 - 1928

The Cheka were renamed the the GPU

February 6 1922

GPU was promoted the federal agency level

12/01/1922

Vladimir Lenin Dies

1/14/1924 - 1/24/1924

Lenin died on 24 January 1924.
His corpse was embalmed and placed in a mausoleum on Moscow's Red Square. From his fourth stroke

No more Roman Catholic Bishops were left in the Communist Russia

1926 - 1947

Changes to Soviet Society

1927 - 1939

slavery imprisonment race distribution and slotering

A new religious campaign was established but ,many orthodox members were killed or sent to labor camps

1928 - 1941

Stalin's 5 Year Plan begins

3/11/1928

Demolishing of churches

1929 - 1947

churches were forcibly closed and priests arrested and exiled all over the Soviet Union. Stalin and his Government were not afraid of Strengthening religious fanaticism by wounding the feelings of believers. Religion, they believed, could be demolished easily.

Executions estimated at 50,000

March 25 1929

A former GPU member says that they have executed an estimated 50,000 people.

No More Entrepreneurs

03/05/1930

The "Five Year Plan of Atheism" was put in action

1932 - 1933

Stalin put in an idea of five years of athiesm but the idea ended early nad did not make it to nearly five years.

Famine

1932 - 1933

Ukraine experiences a famine- 6m people perish

GPU now known as KNVD

01/01/1934

Stalin takes control of Secret Police

July 1 1934

Stalin takes over and changes the name to the People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs. He gave them vast powers and used them as his personal tool oppress the people.

The Great Terror

1936

Stalin begins The Great Terror

Such as the "Plan", "not a single house of prayer shall remain in the territory of the USSR, and the very concept of God must be banished from the Soviet Union.

1937 - 1940

Peace between communist Russia and Germany

1939

The Communist power of Russia is not protected because of their pact with Germany.

Leon Trotsky Died

August 21, 1940

Stalin wants the churches back to show patriotism.

1941 - 1947

Stalin revived the Churches in Russia due to the Nazi Attacks during World War 2. Stalin wanted to increase the country's patriotism

KNVG came from KNVD

01/16/1941

NKGB was Renamed to MGB

01/12/1943

NKGB created

01/12/1943

The NKVD is renamed to the NKGB.

End Of WWII

1945

The end of WWII

1945, Aug 17, Animal Farm, George Orwell’s best selling book is published.

08/17/1945

KGB Eliminated

August 1, 1991 - November 6, 1991

The KGB chairman leads a failed coup against the government making them deteriorate eventually leaving no KGB left.

Animal Farm

Animalism is created

Jan 1847

Old Major Dies

March 14, 1883

George Orwell was born on June 25th, 1903.

06/25/1903

7 Commandments Created

1917

The Battle of the Cowshed

March 1917 - October 1917

Mr. Jones and other farm owners try to take back Manor Farm which the animals had changed to Animal Farm. Their attempt is unsuccessful.

Jones forgets to feed the animals and they riot

1918

Snowball creates the Animal Committees

1919

Windmill

3/11/1928

Napoleon takes over Animal farm with the dogs

July 1, 1934

1945

1945

Effectively ending the war in Europe for the allie