A memorandum first presented by Herbert Samuel to the British Cabinet in January 1915, two months after the British declaration of war on the Ottoman Empire. The memorandum influenced a number of members of the British Cabinet in the months preceeding the negotiation of the 1916 Sykes-Picot agreement, and later the 1917 Balfour Declaration.
Operation "Wrath of God", also known as Operation "Bayonet", was a covert operation directed by the Mossad to assassinate individuals suspected of being involved in the 1972 Munich massacre in which 11 members of the Israeli Olympic team were killed. The targets were members of the Palestinian armed militant group Black September and Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) operatives. Authorized by Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir in the autumn of 1972, the operation is believed to have continued for over twenty years.
The operation was depicted in the television film Sword of Gideon (1986) and Steven Spielberg's film Munich (2005).