Archaic and Classical Greece

Example timeline for CLAS131

Greece

Colonization

Approx. 800 BCE - Approx. 600 BCE

Olympics are Founded

Approx. 776 BCE

Adoption of Hoplite Warfare

Approx. 670 BCE - Approx. 630 BCE

Tyranny

Approx. 650 BCE - Approx. 500 BCE

Trireme Warfare Adopted

Approx. 500 BCE

Ionian Revolt

499 BCE - 494 BCE

Persian Wars

490 BCE - 479 BCE

Pentacontaetia

479 BCE - 433 BCE

First Peloponnesian War

461 BCE - 445 BCE

Peloponnesian Wars

431 BCE - 404 BCE

Corinthian War

395 BCE - 386 BCE

Theban Hegemony

371 BCE - 362 BCE

Macedon's Ascendency

Approx. 360 BCE - 338 BCE

Major Battles & Treaties

Marathon

490 BCE

Artemisium

480 BCE

Salamis

480 BCE

Thermopylae

480 BCE

Mycale

479 BCE

Plataea

479 BCE

Peace of Callias

449 BCE

30 Years Peace

446 BCE

Potidaea-Corinth Dispute

Approx. 432 BCE

Archidamian War

431 BCE - 421 BCE

Mytilene

428 BCE

Pylos

425 BCE

Amphipolis

424 BCE

Peace of Nicias

421 BCE

Mantinea

418 BCE

Melos

416 BCE

Sicilian Expedition

415 BCE - 411 BCE

Decelean War

413 BCE - 404 BCE

Cyzicus

410 BCE

Arginusae Islands

406 BCE

Aegospotami

405 BCE

King's Peace

386 BCE

Leuctra

371 BCE

Mantinea

362 BCE

Amphipolis

357 BCE

3rd Sacred War

356 BCE - 346 BCE

Crocus Plain

352 BCE

Olynthus

348 BCE

Chalcidice incorporated into Macedon

Peace of Philocrates

346 BCE

Amphictyonic Peace

346 BCE

Thrace

342 BCE - 339 BCE

Chaeronea

338 BCE

Athens

Curse of the Alkmaeonids

Approx. 632 BCE

The curse began during Megacles' archonship due to his handling of Cylon's conspiracy.

Draco's Law Code

Approx. 621 BCE

Solon's Reforms

594 BCE

Pisistratids' Reign

560 BCE - 511 BCE

Pisistratus dies in 528/7, Hipparchus dies in 514, and Hippias is finally driven out in 511 ending the tyranny.

Kleisthenes' Reforms

508 BCE

Fortification of Piraeus

493 BCE

Silver Windfall at Larium

483 BCE

Ephialtes' Archonship

462 BCE

Introduction of Pay for Public Service

Approx. 460 BCE

Citizenship Law

Approx. 451 BCE

Congress Decree

449 BCE

Death of Cimon

449 BCE

Pericles' Ascendency

443 BCE - 429 BCE

Megarian Decree

Approx. 433 BCE

Alliance with Corcyra

433 BCE

Cleon's Leadership

428 BCE - 422 BCE

Ostracism of Hyperbolus

417 BCE

Rule of the 30

404 BCE - 403 BCE

Second Athenian League

378 BCE - 338 BCE

Social War

357 BCE - 354 BCE

Sparta

Incorporation of Laconia

Approx. 750 BCE

1st Messenian War

730 BCE - 710 BCE

Hysiae

Approx. 669 BCE

Argives defeat Spartans, showing an earlier switch to hoplite warfare

2nd Messenian War

Approx. 650 BCE - Approx. 630 BCE

Focus on Army

600 BCE - 500 BCE

Formation of Peloponnesian League

Approx. 550 BCE - Approx. 500 BCE

Helot Revolt

465 BCE - 462 BCE

Ionia & Persia

Cyrus

559 BCE - 530 BCE

Conquered the Medes, Asia Minor, the Lydians, Ionia, and the Babylonians

Cambyses' Reign

530 BCE - 522 BCE

Egypt added to the Empire

Darius' Reign

522 BCE - 486 BCE

Thrace added to the Empire

Xerxes' reign

486 BCE - 465 BCE

Delian League

Athens Assumes Leadership

477 BCE

Naxos Revolts

Approx. 470 BCE

Thasos Revolts

Approx. 465 BCE

Treasury moved to Athens

454 BCE

Papyrus Decree

450 BCE

Coinage Decree

Approx. 450 BCE - Approx. 446 BCE

Cleinias Decree

448 BCE