Gaul becomes a province
Germanic Franks led by Clovis conquer the province and convert to Christianity
Period of Napoleon Boneparte (begins as a general during the Revolution but then takes over as a military dictator and proclaims himself Emperor of the French)
Restored Bourbon monarchy after Napoleon's defeat
King Louis Philippe overthrown; "Second Republic" of France
a nephew of Napoleon Boneparte gets elected as president of the republic but then proclaims himself emperor as Napoleon III
Period of the "Third Republic" (government during and after WWI)
France is overrun by Nazi Germany and occupied; a collaborationist French government is set up ("Vichy France") until France is liberated by the Americans, British, and Canadians in summer and fall 1944; French General Charles de Gaulle emerges as French national leader
Period of the "Fourth Republic" (government that takes over after WWII, tries unsuccessfully to reestablish France's colonial empire in Vietnam and Africa, but collapses during a crisis over war in Algeria)
Period of "Fifth Republic" (current French governmental system)
Kings descended from Clovis
Kings descended from warlords who took over from the Merovingian dynasty
Charlemagne ("Charles the Great") becomes King of Franks and conquers a large empire in Western and Central Europe
Beginning of the medieval monarchy under King Hugh Capet
After decades of civil war between Catholics and Protestants (Hugenots), protestant Henry of Navarre converts to Catholicism and becomes King Henry IV, the founder of the Bourbon dynasty.
Reign of King Louis XIV (called the "Sun King"), considered the high-point of the absolute monarchy of France.
Price, Roger. A Concise History of France. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Google Books Edition, pg 47.
King Philip II Augustus unifies most of modern France's territory under the French crown
Price, Roger. A Concise History of France. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Google Books Edition, pg 61.
Hundred Years War against English; modern French "national" identity strengthened by Joan of Arc
Price, Roger. A Concise History of France. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Google Books Edition, pg 64.
Period of the French Revolution (Louis XIV and his family are killed, France becomes a republic)
Franco-Prussian War (France is quickly defeated and Napoleon III is deposed); radical "Paris Commune" is suppressed by new moderate French government