Cold War Canada

Canada

Igor Gouzenko defects

September 5, 1945 - September 6, 1945

Soviet government amirs spying on Canada

February 20, 1946

Canada Peace Congress founded

May, 1949

Founded May 6-8, 1949

Canada sends forces to Korea

August 7, 1950

Pontecorvo defection

October, 1950

Bruno Pontecorvo, atomic scientist at Chalk River nuclear plan, defects to the Soviet Union

Canada NATO forces to Europe

January 31, 1951

Land and air forces

Canadian Communist Party in disarray

April, 1957

Mass resignations

AVRO Arrow project cancelled

February 20, 1959

Canadian jet fighter

Canada's first wheat sale to China

January 27, 1961

Finalized by Diefenbaker government

Munsinger mentioned in House of Commons

March 4, 1966

Simon Fraser University students occupy admin building

November 21, 1968 - November 23, 1968

George Williams University students occupy computer centre

January 29, 1969 - February 11, 1969

Ends with vandalism and the arrest of 91 people

Summit Series

September, 1972

Canada won the 8 game hockey series on September 28, 1972

Canadian government

Secret order in council authorizes espionage detention

October 6, 1945

Suspects in the Gouzenko affair

Taschereau-Kellock Royal Commission

February 5, 1946 - June 27, 1946

Appointed to investigate Gouzenko

Cabinet creates Security Panel

April 16, 1946

To advise on internal security

John Grierson testifies before Royal Commission

May 13, 1946

Gouzenko Commission

Defence Research Board established

April 7, 1947

External Affairs debate on Canada's role in the Cold war

August, 1947 - December, 1947

Secret Cabinet directive on security screening

March 5, 1948

Secret Cabinet directive on immigration screening

November 20, 1948

The Massey Commission

1951

Gordon Commission

1955 - 1957

Trudeau and Cabinet discuss withdrawing from NATO

July, 1969

Can-US

PM King discloses Gouzenko story to US President Truman

September 30, 1945

Joint Can-US development of DEW Line

November, 1954

Distant Early Warning Line announced

Canada-U.S. Defence Production Sharing Agreement

August 29, 1958

Kennedy meets with Diefenbaker in Ottawa

May 16, 1961

Secret meeting between Pearson and Johnson

May, 1964

Pearson raises no strenuous objections to U.S. proposal to bomb North Vietnam

Pearson's Temple University speech

April 2, 1965

Cultural Producers

Oscar Brand blacklisted

1950

Symphony Six visa problem

1951

Requests for visas to perform in the US were denied

The Moneymakers

1952

Ted Allan's production

Reuben Ship deported

1953

Reuben Ship's The Investigator airs

1954

Charlie Chaplin "banned" from the US

1955

Paul Robeson at Massey Hall

1956

Canadian anti-communism

RCMP spy suspects interrogated

February 15, 1946

12 spy suspects for interrogation in RCMP barracks

Canadian Congress of Labour expels 10 unions

June, 1949

For communist affiliation

NFB purge

November, 1949

National Film Board

First Norman loyalty investigation

October, 1950 - November, 1950

Second Norman loyalty investigation

January, 1952 - February, 1952

U.S. Anti-communism

HUAC hearings begin in Hollywood

October 1947

HUAC Hiss-Chambers hearings

August, 1948

Rosenbergs executed for espionage

June 19, 1953

Juilius and Ethel Rosenberg executed in the U.S. for atomic espionage despite worldwide protests.

Provinces

Quebec reactivates "Padlock Law"

1948

Padlock law unconstitutional

March 7, 1957

Ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of Canada

De Gaulle: "Vive le Québec Libre"

July 25, 1967

Diplomatic

Statute of Westminster

1931

Ogdensburg Agreement

1940

Hyde Park agreement

1941

Prompted increased economic cooperation

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)

1947

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) formed

April 4, 1949

Canada joins ICC

July, 1954

International Control Commission in Indo China

North American Air Defence (NORAD) agreement

August 1, 1957

Can-US Autopact

1965

Operation Rolling Thunder

March 2, 1965 - November, 1968

CAN government officials

Only communist MP sentenced

June 20, 1946

MP Fred Rose, sentenced to six years for espionage

E. Herbert Norman suicide

April 4, 1957

Canada's Ambassador to Egypt

Cabinet resignations over nuclear policy

February, 1963

Diefenbaker government

Watkins dies of heart attack during RCMP interrogation

October, 1964

Former Ambassador to the Soviet Union, John Watkins was being interrogated by members of the RCMP security service on Thanksgiving weekend

Trudeau visits China

October 10, 1973

First Canadian Prime Minister to visit China

General Cold War

Yalta Conference

February 4, 1945 - February 11, 1945

Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech

March 5, 1946

Britain no longer able to aid anti-communists in Greece and Turkey

February 21, 1947

Informs US

George Kennan's 'Mr. X' article in Foreign Affairs

July 1947

Communist coup in Czechoslovakia

February 25, 1948

Korean War

June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953

British diplomats defect to USSR

May, 1951

Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean

Death of Josef Stalin

March 5, 1953

Hungarian Revolution

October 23, 1956 - November 10, 1956

Suez Crisis

October 29, 1956 - November 7, 1956

Construction of Berlin Wall begins

August 13, 1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14, 1962 - October 28, 1962

Gulf of Tonkin incident

August 2, 1964

Prague Spring

January, 1968 - August, 1968

Soviet and other Eastern European soldiers crush Czechoslovakia's "Prague Spring" in August

SALT I signed in Moscow

May 22, 1972

Brezhnev and Nixon

U.S. Cold War

Both general and governmental

Truman doctrine announced

March 12, 1947

Committing the US to combat Communist aggression worldwide

Marshall Plan

June 5, 1947 - 1951

US offers Marshall Plan for European economic recovery

President Truman signed the Marshall Plan on April 3, 1948

Taft-Hartley Act

June 18, 1947

U.S. Congress passes anti-communist labour law over Truman's veto

Truman introduces peacetime draft

March 17, 1948

Bay of Pigs invasion

April 17, 1961

CIA-sponsored invasion of Cuba fails

JFK assassinated

November 22, 1963

Nixon visits China

February 21, 1972

Canadian Prime Ministers

Mackenzie King

October 23, 1935 - November 14, 1948

Last term

Louis St-Laurent

November 15, 1948 - June 20, 1957

Diefenbaker

June 21, 1957 - April 21, 1963

Pearson

April 22, 1963 - April 19, 1968

Trudeau

April 20, 1968 - June 3, 1979

US Presidents

Franklin D. Roosevelt

1933 - 1945

Harry Truman

1945 - 1953

Eisenhower

1953 - 1961

JFK

1961 - 1963

Johnson

1963 - 1969

Nixon

1969 - 1974

Ford

1974 - 1977

Carter

1977 - 1981

Cultural Exchange

Cold War

1958 US Cultural Agreement

January 27, 1958

Executive agreement, rather than a treaty