History of Linguistics

Main

Socrates (Greece)

469 BC - 399 BC

Plato (Greece)

427 BC - 348 BC

Panini (India): Astadhyayi ‘eight books’.

400 BC

Stoics (Greece)

400 BC

Aristotle(Greece)

384 BC - 322 BC

Varro (Rome)

116 BC - 27 BC

Donatus (Rome)

450 AD

Boethius (Dark Ages)

480 - 524

Priscian (Rome)

500 AD

Isidore of Seville (St. Isidorus)

560 - 636

Sibawaih (Persian grammarian of Arabic)

800

Ælfric the Grammarian [England]

955 - 1020

Robert Grosseteste [England]

1170 - 1253

The First Grammatical Treatise [Iceland]

1200

Roger Bacon [England]

1214 - 1292

Thomas Aquinas [Italy]

1225 - 1274

Dante Alighieri [Italy]

1265 - 1321

Duns Scotus

1266 - 1308

Thomas of Erfurt [Germany]

1400

Erasmus [Holland]

1466 - 1535

Petrus Ramus [France]

1515 - 1572

Joseph Justus Scaliger [France]

1540 - 1609

Franciscus Sanctius [Spain]

1554 - 1628

Francis Bacon [England]

1561 - 1626

René Descartes [France]

1591 - 1650

Benedictus Spinoza [Holland]

1632 - 1677

John Locke [Scotland]

1632 - 1704

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz [Germany]

1646 - 1716

Port Royal Grammar [France]

1660

George Berkeley [Ireland]

1685 - 1753

David Hume [Scotland]

1711 - 1776

Sir William Jones (1746-1794) [England]

1746 - 1794

Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767-1835) [Germany]

1767 - 1835

August Schlegel (1767-1845) [Germany]

1767 - 1845

Friedrich Schlegel (1772-1829) [Germany]

1772 - 1828

Jakob Grimm (1785-1863) [Germany]

1785 - 1863

Rasmus Rask (1787-1832) [Denmark]

1787 - 1832

Franz Bopp (1791-1867) [Germany]

1791 - 1867

August Pott (1802-1887) [Germany]

1802 - 1887

August Schleicher (1821-1868) [Germany]

1821 - 1868

August Leskien (1840-1916) [Germany]

1840 - 1916

Hugo Schuchardt (1842-1927) [Germany]

1842 - 1927

Johannes Schmidt (1843-1901) [Germany]

1843 - 1901

Baudouin de Courtenay (1845-1929) [Russia]

1845 - 1929

Karl Verner (1846-1896) [Denmark]

1846 - 1896

Hermann Paul (1846-1921) [Germany]

1846 - 1921

Hermann Osthoff (1847-1909) [Germany]

1847 - 1909

Karl Brugmann (1849-1919) [Germany]

1849 - 1919

Eduard Sievers (1850-1932) [Germany]

1850 - 1932

Nikolai Kruszewski (1851-1887) [Poland]

1851 - 1887

Ferdinand de Saussure (Structuralism) [Switzerland]

1857 - 1913

Leonard Bloomfield (Structuralism) [United States]

1887 - 1949

Roman Jakobson (Generative Grammar) [Russia/United States]

1896 - 1982

Noam Chomsky (Generative Grammar ) [United States]

1928