Global History Timeline 1500-2000

Main

Beginning of our unit

1500

Henry VII-England separates from Catholic Church. Church of England established.

1534

Henry VIII was British monarch.

Elizabeth I- first Female Protestant monarch of England

November 17 1558 - March 24 1603

Reign oversaw 1559 Religious Settlement, a pro-Protestant settlement and defeat of Catholic Spanish Armada.

Age of Enlightenment begins. Exact date is disputed but around this decade.

Approx. 1700

Industrial Revolution begins in Great Britain and spreads around the world.

1760

Australia 'discovered' by Captain James Cook.

1770

American Revolutionary War.

April 19 1775 - April 11 1783

US declared independence in 1776, however, Britain recognised US in 1883.

US declare independence from Britain. Britain does not accept. War continues.

July 4 1776

First Fleet arrives in Botany Bay under the command of Arthur Phillip.

January 26 1788

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte. Rise of secularism in Europe. Liberal thought and Enlightenment principle spread in Europe.

Napoleonic War

May 18 1803 - November 20 1815

Abdication of Napoleon.

War of 1812- US versus Britain and Spain

June 18 1812 - February 18 1815

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish 'The Communist Manifesto.

February 21 1848

American Civil War

April 12 1861 - May 10 1865

Slavery abolished in US due to Union victory in Civil War.

December 18 1865

Karl Marx publishes 'Das Capital' Volume I.

14 September 1867

Marx dies in 1883. Engels publishes Volume II(1885) and Volume III(1894) from notes left by Karl Marx.

First Boer War

20 December 1880 - 23 March 1881

Between Britain and Dutch colony (it was a Republic). Clash of imperialist gains in South Africa.

Second Boer War

October 11 1899 - 31 May 1902

Between British and Dutch backed up by other European colonies. Continuation of First Boer War in one way or another.

Australian Labor Party became world's first elected left wing government.

1904

Chris Watson became Prime Minster though it lasted a mere 5 months.

Revolution of 1905 - Russia

1905

First attempt by communists for a revolution. It happened in Russia. They were unsuccessful..... for now.

World War One

28 July 1914 - 11 November 1918

Between Triple Entente (Britain, France and Russia) against Triple Alliance (Germany, Austro-Hungary and Ottoman empires). Triple Entente win. End of Triple alliance empires.

Russian Revolution of 1917.

1917

Bolshevik victory. Revolution leads to Russian Civil War.

Russian Civil War

November 7 1917 - October 1922

Bolshevik victory. Communists consolidate their power in Russia.

Weimar Republic established. Rise of ultra-nationalism in Germany.

August 11 1919

Rise of Josef Stalin in USSR

1924 - 1927

In 1927, he is the unchallenged ruler of the USSR.

Lenin dies.

January 21 1924

Hitler publishes Mein Kempf meaning 'My Struggle'.

July 18 1925

Mussolini and fascist regime begins in Italy. It is the first fascist regime.

December 24 1925

Nazi Party comes to power in Germany.

January 30 1933

Spanish Civil War

July 18 1936 - April 1 1939

Francesco Franco becomes head of state in Spain.

Soviet-Nazi Non Aggression Pact

August 23 1938

World War Two

September 1 1939 - September 2 1945

Invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and USSR

September 1 1939 - October 6 1939

Battle of Britain -WWII

July 10 1940 - October 31 1940

Operation Barbarossa- Nazi Germany invasion of USSR

June 22 1941 - December 5 1941

USSR dismantle agreement. They side themselves with Britain.

Pacific War -WWII

December 7 1941 - September 2 1945

Australia and US become allies. US troops land in Australia.

Bombing of Pearl Harbor by Japanese forces.

December 7 1941

US joins WWII with Britain and USSR. Japanese were allies with Germans.

Bombing of Darwin by Japanese forces

February 19 1942

One of many bombings on Australian soil.

Hitler commits suicide in his Berlin Bunker.

April 30 1945

Conspiracy theories exist about his apparent suicide/death.

United Nations established.

October 24 1945

UN was established to stop another world war.

Cold War

Approx. 1947 - Approx. 1991

Debatable by historians for accurate date.

Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated.

30 January 1948

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) established.

April 4 1949

Initially it was a military alliance formed to combat the threat of communism. Possibly debatable by historians.

Korean War

June 25 1950 - July 27 1953

Josef Stalin dies.

March 5 1953

He had a stroke in his private room but his servants were scared to disturb him. When one had the courage to open the door he/she found Stalin of the floor apparently in his own urine and excrement. So one of the worst dictators of the 20th Century died in his own wasteful matter.

Cuban Revolution

July 26 1953 - January 1 1959

Importance? Look which country it is bordering- the US.

African-American Civil Rights Movement

1954 - 1968

Led to- Civil Rights Act 1964 and Voting Rights Act 1965.

Warsaw Pact

May 14 1955

Signed by: Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, USSR and Albania.

Vietnam War also known as Second Indochina War

November 1 1955 - April 30 1975

US was humiliated by this defeat.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy becomes US president. First Catholic to do so.

January 20 1961

His presidency is marked by economic reforms, social reforms and many scandals.

Berlin Wall is constructed.

August 31 1961

Although Berlin and the rest of Germany was broken up into blocks owned by the victors of WWII, the construction of the Wall of Berlin was unexpected.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14 1962 - October 28 1962

USSR placed missiles in Cuba. US and USSR came to a brink of direct nuclear war. USSR agreed to take back the missiles only if Turkey returns NATO's missiles to US. Both sides agreed.

'I have a Dream' Speech- by Martin Luther King

August 28 1963

JFK is assassinated in Dallas, Texas. His death sent shock waves worldwide.

November 22 1963

His 'assassin' was Lee Harvey Oswald. He was arrested a few hours later. Lee Harvey Oswald was killed a few days after by Jack Ruby who 'avenged' JFK's death. Oswald didn't testify to killing JFK. There are many conspiracy theories about JFK's assassination. Vice President Lyndon Baines Johnson was sworn in as President a few hours after the assassination.

Che Guevara is executed.

October 9 1967

Hero in Cuban Revolution. Idol for many left wingers of politics.

Disappearance and 'death' of Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt

December 17 1967

Holt 'disappeared' at sea while swimming.There are many conspiracy theories. Memorial service held in his name. US President came to Australia but was welcomed by protests against the Vietnam War. The famous slogan during the protests were 'LBJ, LBJ, how many kids did you kill today?'.

Martin Luther King is assassinated

April 4 1968

Robert Francis Kennedy is assassinated. Same fate as brother, John.

June 6 1968

The King of Rock and Roll- Elvis Presley dies.

August 16 1977

Importance? His albums were international best-sellers. It links with Globalisation. And he was the King.

Dallas- the TV Series and its world sensation.

April 2 1978 - May 3 1991

Dallas was a world sensation. With an estimated 300 million viewers worldwide it showed the power of trade and globalisation. It was one of the few American shows allowed in Communist Romania.

Margaret Thatcher- Britain's first female prime minister and the Iron Lady.

May 4 1979

Her economic sanctions along with Ronald Reagan's brought the downfall of the USSR economy which was also failing. She was highly conservative. Although her reforms were harsh it was proven to be economically beneficial for the United Kingdom.

Early 1980's a severe global financial crisis affected developed countries.

1980

Dissolution of the USSR

March 11 1985 - December 25 1991

USSR dissolved. Independent republics established.

Chernobyl Disaster

April 26 1986

Catastrophic nuclear disaster. Affected millions people over a few years.

Establishment of APEC

1989

Berlin Wall demolition begins

November 9 1989

Not immediately demolished.

Gulf War

August 2 1990 - January 17 1991

Coalition forces against Saddam Hussein because of his annexation of Kuwait.

Yugoslav Wars

March 31 1991 - June 21 1999

Bosnian War- part of Yugoslav War

April 6 1992 - December 14 1995

Horrific human rights violations. UN forces couldn't protect civilians.

Rwanda Genocide

April 7 1994 - July 15 1994

Estimated 500,000 to 1 million people killed. Such short time span but high number of people killed. Why?

Nelson Mandela is first elected black president of South Africa.

May 10 1994

End of the apartheid regime in South Africa.

Princess Diana dies.

August 31 1997

Bill Clinton's 1998,1999,2000,2001 surpluses were the first surpluses since 1969

1998 - 2001

Importance? US economy was/is the heart of the world economy. A stable or growing economy is always beneficial for world financial markets.

Sydney host the Olympics

September 15 2000 - October 1 2000