Henry VII-England separates from Catholic Church. Church of England established.
Henry VIII was British monarch.
Elizabeth I- first Female Protestant monarch of England
November 17 1558 - March 24 1603
Reign oversaw 1559 Religious Settlement, a pro-Protestant settlement and defeat of Catholic Spanish Armada.
Age of Enlightenment begins. Exact date is disputed but around this decade.
Industrial Revolution begins in Great Britain and spreads around the world.
Australia 'discovered' by Captain James Cook.
American Revolutionary War.
April 19 1775 - April 11 1783
US declared independence in 1776, however, Britain recognised US in 1883.
US declare independence from Britain. Britain does not accept. War continues.
July 4 1776
First Fleet arrives in Botany Bay under the command of Arthur Phillip.
January 26 1788
1789 - 1799
Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte. Rise of secularism in Europe. Liberal thought and Enlightenment principle spread in Europe.
May 18 1803 - November 20 1815
Abdication of Napoleon.
War of 1812- US versus Britain and Spain
June 18 1812 - February 18 1815
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish 'The Communist Manifesto.
February 21 1848
American Civil War
April 12 1861 - May 10 1865
Slavery abolished in US due to Union victory in Civil War.
December 18 1865
Karl Marx publishes 'Das Capital' Volume I.
14 September 1867
Marx dies in 1883. Engels publishes Volume II(1885) and Volume III(1894) from notes left by Karl Marx.
First Boer War
20 December 1880 - 23 March 1881
Between Britain and Dutch colony (it was a Republic). Clash of imperialist gains in South Africa.
Second Boer War
October 11 1899 - 31 May 1902
Between British and Dutch backed up by other European colonies. Continuation of First Boer War in one way or another.
Australian Labor Party became world's first elected left wing government.
Chris Watson became Prime Minster though it lasted a mere 5 months.
Revolution of 1905 - Russia
First attempt by communists for a revolution. It happened in Russia. They were unsuccessful..... for now.
World War One
28 July 1914 - 11 November 1918
Between Triple Entente (Britain, France and Russia) against Triple Alliance (Germany, Austro-Hungary and Ottoman empires). Triple Entente win. End of Triple alliance empires.
Russian Revolution of 1917.
Bolshevik victory. Revolution leads to Russian Civil War.
Russian Civil War
November 7 1917 - October 1922
Bolshevik victory. Communists consolidate their power in Russia.
Weimar Republic established. Rise of ultra-nationalism in Germany.
August 11 1919
Rise of Josef Stalin in USSR
1924 - 1927
In 1927, he is the unchallenged ruler of the USSR.
January 21 1924
Hitler publishes Mein Kempf meaning 'My Struggle'.
July 18 1925
Mussolini and fascist regime begins in Italy. It is the first fascist regime.
December 24 1925
Nazi Party comes to power in Germany.
January 30 1933
Spanish Civil War
July 18 1936 - April 1 1939
Francesco Franco becomes head of state in Spain.
Soviet-Nazi Non Aggression Pact
August 23 1938
Invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and USSR
September 1 1939 - October 6 1939
World War Two
September 1 1939 - September 2 1945
Battle of Britain -WWII
July 10 1940 - October 31 1940
Operation Barbarossa- Nazi Germany invasion of USSR
June 22 1941 - December 5 1941
USSR dismantle agreement. They side themselves with Britain.
Bombing of Pearl Harbor by Japanese forces.
December 7 1941
US joins WWII with Britain and USSR. Japanese were allies with Germans.
Pacific War -WWII
December 7 1941 - September 2 1945
Australia and US become allies. US troops land in Australia.
Bombing of Darwin by Japanese forces
February 19 1942
One of many bombings on Australian soil.
Hitler commits suicide in his Berlin Bunker.
April 30 1945
Conspiracy theories exist about his apparent suicide/death.
United Nations established.
October 24 1945
UN was established to stop another world war.
Approx. 1947 - Approx. 1991
Debatable by historians for accurate date.
Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated.
30 January 1948
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) established.
April 4 1949
Initially it was a military alliance formed to combat the threat of communism. Possibly debatable by historians.
June 25 1950 - July 27 1953
Josef Stalin dies.
March 5 1953
He had a stroke in his private room but his servants were scared to disturb him. When one had the courage to open the door he/she found Stalin of the floor apparently in his own urine and excrement. So one of the worst dictators of the 20th Century died in his own wasteful matter.
July 26 1953 - January 1 1959
Importance? Look which country it is bordering- the US.
African-American Civil Rights Movement
1954 - 1968
Led to- Civil Rights Act 1964 and Voting Rights Act 1965.
May 14 1955
Signed by: Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, USSR and Albania.
Vietnam War also known as Second Indochina War
November 1 1955 - April 30 1975
US was humiliated by this defeat.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy becomes US president. First Catholic to do so.
January 20 1961
His presidency is marked by economic reforms, social reforms and many scandals.
Berlin Wall is constructed.
August 31 1961
Although Berlin and the rest of Germany was broken up into blocks owned by the victors of WWII, the construction of the Wall of Berlin was unexpected.
Cuban Missile Crisis
October 14 1962 - October 28 1962
USSR placed missiles in Cuba. US and USSR came to a brink of direct nuclear war. USSR agreed to take back the missiles only if Turkey returns NATO's missiles to US. Both sides agreed.
'I have a Dream' Speech- by Martin Luther King
August 28 1963
JFK is assassinated in Dallas, Texas. His death sent shock waves worldwide.
November 22 1963
His 'assassin' was Lee Harvey Oswald. He was arrested a few hours later. Lee Harvey Oswald was killed a few days after by Jack Ruby who 'avenged' JFK's death. Oswald didn't testify to killing JFK. There are many conspiracy theories about JFK's assassination. Vice President Lyndon Baines Johnson was sworn in as President a few hours after the assassination.
Che Guevara is executed.
October 9 1967
Hero in Cuban Revolution. Idol for many left wingers of politics.
Disappearance and 'death' of Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt
December 17 1967
Holt 'disappeared' at sea while swimming.There are many conspiracy theories. Memorial service held in his name. US President came to Australia but was welcomed by protests against the Vietnam War. The famous slogan during the protests were 'LBJ, LBJ, how many kids did you kill today?'.
Martin Luther King is assassinated
April 4 1968
Robert Francis Kennedy is assassinated. Same fate as brother, John.
June 6 1968
The King of Rock and Roll- Elvis Presley dies.
August 16 1977
Importance? His albums were international best-sellers. It links with Globalisation. And he was the King.
Dallas- the TV Series and its world sensation.
April 2 1978 - May 3 1991
Dallas was a world sensation. With an estimated 300 million viewers worldwide it showed the power of trade and globalisation. It was one of the few American shows allowed in Communist Romania.
Margaret Thatcher- Britain's first female prime minister and the Iron Lady.
May 4 1979
Her economic sanctions along with Ronald Reagan's brought the downfall of the USSR economy which was also failing. She was highly conservative. Although her reforms were harsh it was proven to be economically beneficial for the United Kingdom.
Early 1980's a severe global financial crisis affected developed countries.