To prevent blacks from voting, lynching, beatings, hangings, terror, to restore white rule, like the Black codes, literacy tests, Poll tax, grandfather clause
Provided for the freedmen and southern refugees white and black and granted judicial power to the bureau to protect freedmen against discrimination
Civil Rights Act granted civil rights to all persons born in the US but Native Am. rights without regard to race (lawsuits giving testimony inc ourt..but did not grant political rights to freedmen???First statutory definition if the rights of Am Citizenship. NOT STRICTLY A RECONSTRUCTIVE MEASURE . Now the national gov was responsible for protecting the rights of citizens not the states
It divided the South into five military districts and gave the commander of each district the right to declare martial law in order to preserve order, protect blacks, and begin the process of restoring the former Confederate states to the Union guarantee black suffrage and ratify the Fourteenth Amendment Army Appropriations Act, which directed that the President, in his capacity as commander in chief, must issue all military orders through the General of the Army, U. S. Grant. In the Tenure of Office Act,
Congress further restricted presidential authority from removing offi -cials approved by the Senate without first obtaining the consent of the Senate
Defined citizenship in a manner that included black males ad forbade any state from infringing the rights of citizens without due process of law.It triggered the feminist movement for right to suffrage equality.
Forbade any state to deny right to vote on account of race, color or previous condition of slavery. All states had to ratify this amendment before they could be admitted into the Union.
Against intimidation and violence against blacks. the first 2 outlawed the use of force or intimidation to prevent citizens from exercising their right of suffrage and provided federal supervisors to oversee the registration of voters. The third Enforcement Act, also called the Ku Klux Klan Act, empowered the President to use the military to protect black voters from intimidation and violence and to suspend the writ of habeas corpus when necessary
prohibited racial discrimination in public accommodations, public
transportation, and jury selection.
Industrialization book, wealth, protective tariffs, corruption, technological advances, big business, attraction of foreign capital, immigrants. telegraph, telephone, typewriter, Expansion continued, focus on making money, monopolies and trusts to eliminate competition
Missionary purpose (imperialistic) with racial connotations.
embarked the U.S on an imperialistic course. A rebellion against Spanish rule in Cuba to obtain her independence was brutally crashed. The U.S. Congress recognized Cuban independence and demanded Spanish withdrawal from the area whereupon Spain declared war on the U.S. Following its defeat Spain recognized Cuban independence and ceded Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippine Islands to the U.S. in return for $20 million. Cuba acquired nominal independence but the Philippines were annexed. Transoceanic expansion was justified because it was declared that the United States had a moral duty to enlarge the domain of freedom and equality by actively interfering with the domestic affairs of less fortunate people by bringing the blessings of American institutions to those who could not govern themselves