Black Reconstruction-Civil War Conseq-Gilded Age-Expansion

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1865-1877 Reconstruction In Age of Capital + Industrialization

1865 - 1877

1865 Licoln's Assasination/Johnson southerner, racist, antireconst

1865 - 1869

1866 KKK

1866

To prevent blacks from voting, lynching, beatings, hangings, terror, to restore white rule, like the Black codes, literacy tests, Poll tax, grandfather clause

1866 Freedman Bureau Act+Civil Rights Act + Race riots

1866

Provided for the freedmen and southern refugees white and black and granted judicial power to the bureau to protect freedmen against discrimination
Civil Rights Act granted civil rights to all persons born in the US but Native Am. rights without regard to race (lawsuits giving testimony inc ourt..but did not grant political rights to freedmen???First statutory definition if the rights of Am Citizenship. NOT STRICTLY A RECONSTRUCTIVE MEASURE . Now the national gov was responsible for protecting the rights of citizens not the states

1867 Reconstruction Acts

1867

It divided the South into five military districts and gave the commander of each district the right to declare martial law in order to preserve order, protect blacks, and begin the process of restoring the former Confederate states to the Union guarantee black suffrage and ratify the Fourteenth Amendment Army Appropriations Act, which directed that the President, in his capacity as commander in chief, must issue all military orders through the General of the Army, U. S. Grant. In the Tenure of Office Act,
Congress further restricted presidential authority from removing offi -cials approved by the Senate without first obtaining the consent of the Senate

1868 14th Amendment Ratified

1868

Defined citizenship in a manner that included black males ad forbade any state from infringing the rights of citizens without due process of law.It triggered the feminist movement for right to suffrage equality.

1870 15th Amend. Ratified

1869

Forbade any state to deny right to vote on account of race, color or previous condition of slavery. All states had to ratify this amendment before they could be admitted into the Union.

1869-1877 Ulysses Grant

1869 - 1877

1870-71 three Enforcement Acts

1870

Against intimidation and violence against blacks. the first 2 outlawed the use of force or intimidation to prevent citizens from exercising their right of suffrage and provided federal supervisors to oversee the registration of voters. The third Enforcement Act, also called the Ku Klux Klan Act, empowered the President to use the military to protect black voters from intimidation and violence and to suspend the writ of habeas corpus when necessary

1874 Civil Rights Act

1874

prohibited racial discrimination in public accommodations, public
transportation, and jury selection.

1877 Compromise Northern Withdrawal of troops in the South /R. Hays

1877

1877-1901 Gilded Age-In the Age of Empire

1877 - 1901

Industrialization book, wealth, protective tariffs, corruption, technological advances, big business, attraction of foreign capital, immigrants. telegraph, telephone, typewriter, Expansion continued, focus on making money, monopolies and trusts to eliminate competition

1881 Garfield Assasinated

1881

1881-1885 Chester Arthur

1881 - 1885

1881 Jim Crow Laws segregation in railroad coaches

1881

1885-1889 Cleveland

1885 - 1889

1889-1893 Benjamin Harrison

1889 - 1893

1893-1897 Grover Cleveland

1893 - 1897

1897-1901 McKinley

1897 - 1901

1898 Spanish-American War

1898

Missionary purpose (imperialistic) with racial connotations.
embarked the U.S on an imperialistic course. A rebellion against Spanish rule in Cuba to obtain her independence was brutally crashed. The U.S. Congress recognized Cuban independence and demanded Spanish withdrawal from the area whereupon Spain declared war on the U.S. Following its defeat Spain recognized Cuban independence and ceded Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippine Islands to the U.S. in return for $20 million. Cuba acquired nominal independence but the Philippines were annexed. Transoceanic expansion was justified because it was declared that the United States had a moral duty to enlarge the domain of freedom and equality by actively interfering with the domestic affairs of less fortunate people by bringing the blessings of American institutions to those who could not govern themselves