This set out all Parliament's objection to Charles' religious, legal, foreign and financial policies. It called for reform in several areas, including removal of bishops from Parliament and Parliament's right of veto over Crown appointments.
It was first proposed by John Pym.
Passed by a narrow majority on 22 November.
It was presented to the King on 1 December, but he delayed his reply (which refused to remove bishops and ministers from Parliament, saying they were not guilty of any crime) until 23 December.
Significance: worsened relations between the King and Parliament and so would be one of the chief causes to the outbreak of the English Civil War the following year.