First to establish Slave Trade as an institution to work on sugar cane plantations
To find a fast route to India (spices, luxuries, paper, tea)
Because the Crusades had failed in reconquering the Holy Land (Israel today)Starting on the 11th to the 13th centuries.
Expeditions to recover Holy Land from Turks (present day Israel so the East was blocked by Turks who captured Istanbul
and Europeans could not travel to east by strait of Bosphorus(silk, paper, spices etc, trade)
Rivalry Spain and Portugal drew a line west of Canary Islands: to the East belonged to Portugal and to the West to Spain
Great success of Spain encouraged other emerging nations to find areas of colonization.
Claimes eastern half of Canada and a slice of land between the Appalachian Mts and Missisip.
Under her reign interest in expansion to New World
Also in Caribbean Central and South Am. 1565 By the Spanish Monarch (Spanish Empire)
Colony abandoned to fight the Armada. No one was ever found
Henceforth claims North American territories
Slave Colony, tobacco TRADE fostered more colonization.Renamed by Raleigh which comprised all the area where later the 13 colonies settled.
Relied initially on indenture servants: indiv who signed contracts to work for a period of 4-5 years in return for passage to Am.
English merchants sponsored colonization in the New World=London Company was formed (shares were sold to sponsor colonization). James
granted a charte
1st intance of a representative government (they could vote for the assembly and be elected to it. (house of Burgesses: 2 landowning
representatives from each of the small settlements in the colony)
Enacted laws for the colony.There was a Virginia governor
Slavery institutionalizes. South by 1700 (master and slave class).
COMPACT created Body politik (political body who could pass their own laws, gave themselves a form of government and organization. Founded for
religious purposes (northern ones)
Profoundly Revolutionary for a short time. Parliamentarians against royalists but it did not spread, it was confined to En. It was called the Great Rebellion for contemporaries.
Colonies left to themselves self sustained growth. Restoration: no close supervision of colonies
Ver Remini p 24 Mercantilism Triangular Trade
hated king overthrown in Glorious rev.
James II tries to control northern colonies, engenders resentement, appoints a governor= dictatorial rule. Remini p. 23