By James II. Colonists end the Dominion when James is overthrown
(fought in Europe and Am) War between England and France over territories
France: Louissiana, Missisip river basin, Canada, Islands on the Caribbean, Interests in India
Britain paid for these wars in America and settlers may be did not even fight.
James II fled France. His mother was Louis 14th sister and supported James claim to Throne. When William of Orange became king Br and France War. William hated Louis: William believed no power in Europe should be dominant to challenge E or the Netherlands from where he came. From now on if France became to powerful=war so that E is not threatened
No direct heir to Spanish Throne and the Br could not accept a French claimant or France would be too powerful. It was a draw. (They seized Gibraltar from Spain. guards entrance to the Mediterranean, to today)
Led colonists to think their gov. should be grounded on will of ppl.
Fought be Europe was not ready to accept a woman as a monarch (Holy Roman emperor had died) left his daughter as heir of the Holy R Empire
Kingdom of Prussia emerges here bec Kings were also kings of Hanover, a kingdom in this holy roman empire (loose confederation, organization in central Europe). After this France and Austria come together Prussia Emerges and out of this comes the unification of Germany
In the fight French and English allied to Indian tribes to help them fight.
European armed conflict for imperial possessions.
French expansion in search for fur into Ohio river valley conflicts with Br colonies. Remini p. 27 They had allied with the Indians.
1st British Empire Here.
French lost Empire in North Am, influence in India, and territories in the Caribbean and Africa
British had been helped by Indian tribes to fight the war=Proclamation Declaration
Prussia, GB, Hanover and some German states VS France, Spain, Russia, Sweden (Prussia emerges as a great powers under Frederick the Great, already had state secondary education.
TERRITORIAL ISSUE Britain keeps a standing Army in North Am. to keep the Indians at bay (had risen up bec demanded weapons, ammunition an lower prices on trading necessities as French had done+resented English colonists invasions of their hunting grounds
The Br government forbade colonists expansion west of the Appalachian Mts (fur trade). Rejection by colonists of sth that was meant to pacify tribes.
France surrendered Canada and Florida and gave Spain (her ally) Louisiana in compensation for the loss of Florida. Fur traders happy with Canada
ECONOMIC ISSUE. Laws passed levying duties on imports into Am. They had to pay for war and control by means of a standing army, a vast expanse of territory won to France.
All sugar imports into Am (from the Caribbean) had to pay a tax)+ textiles, coffee, rum.
Disrupted Am trade (triangular)
To see for war expenses and national Debt
Tax regulating trade legal tradition accepted
Colonies had to provide lodging for troops.
Tax on all items that involved paper (legal doc, news papers)INDIRECT TAX. New category of tax for the sake of producing revenue, they wanted to be consulted
Br. goverment asserted full power and authority over the colonies who were subject of the British Crown
Taxes on wide variety of items imported from England to pay for royal officials in the colonies eliminating the power of the purse R. 34
Suspension of New York Assembly same year for refusing to quarter troops.
British soldiers were jeered at and thrown stones at. Soldiers fired into the crowd killing 5 wounding 6.
East India company banckrupt. Had a monopoly on the importation of tea into England but could not pay the duty required. Parliament allowed the Company to sell in America collecting a tax there and harming tea trade by monopolizing tea trade here.
Boundaries of Quebec extended to include Allegheney Mts anulled territorial claims of various colonies. (New York, Massach, Virginia etc)
Boston port closed until tea was paid for, town meeting forbidden, violation of settlers rights
Minute men stopped British troops advance who had been sent to seize supplies of guns and ammunition at Concord.
Declaration of Rights and Grievances + Patrick Henry's 7 Resolutions
Said that only their duly elected legislatures had the right to tax them. No taxation without representation. (Parliament did no represent them) RIOTS+violence: Sons of Liberty and Daughters of Liberty.
Delegates of Congress represented individuals who had rights and powers as Englishmen to enact legislation for the benefit of the ppl living in the colonies. R p 33
Henry argued for the colonists'rights. Denounce the monarchy and Parliament.
The tea was dumped into the harbor.
Adoption of a Declaration affirmed life, liberty, property and condemned acts of P.
Non importation of Br goods and non exportation of Am goods
Am Revolution: break from the British crown. This declaration marks the beginning of a transformation. Rebelling against centuries of privilege and birth: all men created equal thus equal recognition of all men rights by virtue of being human beings (liberty, property, life, pursuit of happiness)Russeau
Called for Independence persuaded many