Socials 9 Time line final project by Tyler Dalgleish

BLK 2-3 Mr.Gosal SS9 class

Main

Society and Culture

Daily Life of Aboriginals

1500 - 1815

Salmon was the primary food source for the First Nations. They would hunt everyday for food. All homes built that were either portable or easily built from materials found in their immediate environments. Woodland and northern peoples' homes were essentially a framework of poles covered with bark, woven rush mats or caribou skin.

The Great Peace

1701

A peace treaty between New France and 40 First Nations of North America. It was signed by Louis-Hector de Callière, governor of New France, and 1300 representatives of 40 aboriginal nations. The French, allied to the Hurons and the Algonquians, provided 16 years of peaceful relations and trade before war started again.

Europeans and Aboriginals

1701

Aboriginals and Europeans had had about two centuries worth of contact. While there had been wars between the Europeans and Aboriginals, the relationship between both parties had stabilized. Aboriginal skills and knowledge about the harsh landscape helped many Europeans survive cold Canadian winters. European goods and technologies found their way into Aboriginal culture

Politics and Law

James the First becomes ruler

1625

He was a very intelligent man. Some people called him the Wisest fool in Christiandom. James was very careless in how he dressed, very untidy, dirty and he had a thick scottish accent. Ehen he introduced the divine right of kings, people were not pleased. He rewrote the bible called King James Version. People didn`t like him because he acted too much like a tyrants.

Petition of Right

1628

The Petition of Right is a major English constitutional document that sets out specific liberties of the subject that the king is prohibited from doing. the Petition contains restrictions on non-Parliamentary taxation, forced billeting of soldiers, imprisonment without cause, and the use of martial law.

Start of the English War

1642

The civil war was a war where people in the same country fought each other. Family members even fought each other. Charles had began a conflict for 7 years. There was no English Army, both sides split into 2 teams. One team being the Royalists which consist of many of Charles supporters and the other team being Cavaliars which came from noble families. Parliament troops were the military which were made up of farmers and towns people.

Death of Charles I

1649

He was a monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. Charles fought the armies of the English and Scottish parliaments in the English Civil War. After his defeat in 1645, he surrendered to a Scottish force that eventually handed him over to the English Parliament.

The Glorious Revolution

1688

The Glorious Revolution established the victory of Parliament over the King. Various contested issues of power were resolved in favor of Parliament. Parliament had to be convened regularly. All new taxes had to be approved by Parliament. The king and his family had to belong to the Anglican religion. New political arrangements were made with Scotland.

Louis XVI becomes King

1774

He was known as the Sun King because that was the name he gave himself. He ruled France for 72 years. He set new standards and saw himself as the center of French life and culture. He built a vast palace in the village of Versailles and forced important nobles to live there with him.

American Declaration of Indepenance

1776

The Declaration of Independence is the usual name of a statement adopted by the Continental Congress, hich announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as 13 newly independent sovereign states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.

National Assembly issued Declaration of the rights of man and citizen

1789

The declaration guaranteed equal and inalienable rights for all citizens of France, and protected those rights from any government actions or legislation. After the passage of the Declaration, within the National Assembly, minority groups throughout the French empire fought to be included as French citizens and thus receive equal rights. The most notable group to petition for citizenship was the gens de couleur of Saint-Domingue.

The Tennis Court Oath

1789

The “Oath of the Tennis Court” is called the beginning of the French Revolution. the Third Estate proclaimed itself the “National Assembly” and invited the other two estates to join it in the work of governmental reform.

Right of Man published

1791

A book written by Thomas Paine. The book includes 31 articles, posits that popular political revolution is permissible when a government does not safeguard the natural rights of its people. Using these points as a base it defends the French Revolution against Edmund Burke's attack in Reflections on the Revolution in France

The Reign of Terror begins

1793 - 1794

The Reign of Terror was a period during the French Revolution,under the rule of the National Convention, when the Committee of Public Safety (dominated by Robespierre and the extremist Jacobins) condemned anything up to 40,000 people to death as "enemies of the Revolution" often on the flimsiest of evidence,and often for personal,rather than national,political reasons.
The Terror lasted from 27 June 1793 to 27 July 1794 and it ended when enemies of Robespierre in the National Convention ganged up to have him charged and executed as an "enemy of the Revolution" himself.

Napoleon Crowns himself as Emperor

1804

He was more of a tyrant that any of the rulers of the ancien regime. His views about women were influenced by ancient Roman Law. As emperor, he had complete control of the country`s affairs. He believed that society should share his values. He exerted control over the media, the law and the education system in order to promote these values.

The code of Napoleon

1804

The Napoleonic Code was a unified legal code produced in post-revolutionary France and enacted by Napoleon in 1804. Napoleon gave the laws his name, and they both largely remain in place in France today, and heavily influenced world laws in the nineteenth century.

Napoleon Abdicates

1814

On March 31, 1814 a victorious allied army entered Paris, and French foreign minister Talleyrand influenced the Senate to declare that Napoleon had forfeited the throne. On April 11th he abdicated the throne to the allies who gave him the island of Elba as his own sovereign principality

The battleof Waterloo

1815

The battle took place South of Brussels in Belgium. It was The Duke of Wellington, Marshal Blucher and the Prince of Orange against the Emperor Napoleon. The size of the armies were 23,000 British troops with 44,000 allied troops and 160 guns against 74,000 French troops and 250 guns. The winners of the battle were The British, Germans, Belgians, Dutch and Prussians. The battle of Waterloo marked the end of Napoleons career.

Technology and Economy

Colonialism

1550

Colonialism is when a group of people from one nation move into another weaker nation and take it over. The main home country has the power and the colonists have to make their way in the new land.

Enclosure Speeds up

1700

There was a significant rise in enclosure during the Tudor period. These enclosures largely resulted in conversion of land use from arable to pasture – usually sheep farming. These enclosures were often undertaken by the landowner. nclosures during the Tudor period were often accompanied by a loss of common rights and could result in the destruction of whole villages

Imperialism

1700

The Age of Imperialism began around 1700 when modern and developed countries began taking over less developed countries and colonizing them or influencing them to expand their own power.

Jethro Tull invents the Seed Drill

1701

The seed drill was also known as the horse-drawn hoe, and an improved plough. The seed drill would sow seed in uniform rows and cover up the seed in the rows.

First canal is built in England

1760

The Bridgewater Canal was built to transport coal from his mines in Worsley to Manchester. The canal also carried passengers.The Bridgewater is often considered to be the first true canal in Britain, as it relied upon existing watercourses as sources of water rather than as navigable routes.

Watt improves the steam engine

1769

James Watt was working as a mathematical-instrument maker at the University of Glasgow when a model of Thomas Newcomen's steam pumping engine was brought into his shop for repairs.He set up a model of the steam engine and came up with the idea of the separate condenser. f the steam was condensed in a separate vessel from the cylinder, it would be quite possible to keep the condensing vessel cool and the cylinder hot at the same time.

The Factory Acts

1802

The Factory Acts were a series of Acts passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom to limit the number of hours worked by women and children.