Early Church (Jesus-500 AD)

Empires-Leaders

Nero

54 AD - 68 AD

Caesar Vespasian

69 AD - 79 AD

Caesar Titus

79 AD - 81 AD

Caesar Domitian

81 AD - 96 AD

Caesar Nerva

96 AD - 98 AD

Caesar Trajan

98 AD - 117 AD

Caesar Hadrian

117 AD - 138 AD

Decius

249 AD - 251 AD

Persecution of the Christians during this period. (McGrath 'HT' 20)

People

Clement of Rome

30 AD - 100 AD

Apostolic Father.

Ignatius of Antioch

35 AD - 107 AD

Apostolic Father. Most likely Syrian. The only thing 'known' about Ignatius was his martyr journey from Antioch to Rome where he wrote letters to different churches. Polycarp and Origen witness to this account.

Polycarp of Smyrna

Approx. 69 AD - Approx. 155 AD

Apostolic Father. Bishop of Smyrna. Leading Christian figure in mid 2nd century Roman Asia. Defended against heresies like Marcionites. Went to Rome, but on return to Smyrna was arrested and burnt to death.

Justin Martyr

100 AD - 165 AD

Wrote First and Second Apology, Dialogue with Trypho and On the Resurrection. Beheaded in Rome between 163-167.

Irenaeus of Lyons

130 AD - 200 AD

Bishop of Lyons. Native of Smyrna, heard Polycarp as boy. Studied in Rome. Opposed Gnosticism by focusing on traditional foundations of the church. Seen as connector between east and west church.

Clement of Alexandria

150 AD - 215 AD

Greek Father. Theologian who taught in Alexandria was deeply influenced by Hellenistic philosophy specifically Plato. Origen was a pupil.

Tertullian

160 - 225

Carthage North Africa, born pagan. Advocated apostolic succession, apologist, became a Montanist. Known for articulating the three substances of the trinity. Western Church.

Origen

Approx. 184 AD - Approx. 254 AD

Approximate Dates. Alexandria School. Origen's God is apophatic.

Athanasius

296 AD - 373 AD

Bishop of Alexandria. Attended council of Nicaea, opposed Arianism, stood for orthodoxy.

Gregory of Nyssa

330 AD - 395 AD

Approximate Dates. Younger bro of St. Basil & St. Macrina. Bishop of Nyssa. Theologian involved in council of Constantinople (381-94). Influenced by Origen meaning the fall came through free will and redemption through Christ. Was mystic/did apophatic stuff (transcendence/immanence). Nyssa located in Cappadocia in Asia Minor w/ Nazianus/Basil, major eastern church thinkers. Eastern Church.

Basil the Great

Approx. 330 AD - Approx. 379 AD

Brother of Gregory of Nyssa and St. Macrina. Cappadocian Father, friendship with Nazianus. Preached missions. Found controversies with extreme groups like Arians and Holy Spirit deniers.

Augustine of Hippo

345 AD - 450 AD

Born and died in North Africa (part of Roman Empire). Made bishop of Hippo in 395. Western Church.

John Chrysostom

347 AD - 407 AD

Greek Father. Archbishop of Constantinople. Eloquent speaker and had many recorded sermons. Spoke out against abuses by the church and politics.

Writings

Book of Romans (Date Range)

50 AD - 60 AD

Book of 1 Corinthians (Date Range)

50 AD - 60 AD

Book of 2 Corinthians (Date Range)

50 AD - 60 AD

Book of Galatians (Date Range)

50 AD - 60 AD

Book of Mark (Date Range)

65 AD - 80 AD

Book of Acts (Date Range)

80 AD - 130 AD

(Date Range)

Book of Matthew (Date Range)

80 AD - 100 AD

Book of Luke (Date Range)

80 AD - 130 AD

Ephesians (Date Range)

80 AD - 100 AD

Book of John (Date Range)

90 AD - 120 AD

Irenaeus' Against Heresies

180 AD

Augustine's Confessions (Date Range)

Approx. 398 AD - Approx. 400 AD

Soon after becoming Bishop of Hippo.

Events

Fire destroys much of Rome

64 AD

Nero blames on Christians.

Edict of Decius

June 250

"...commanded provincial governors and magistrates to ensure that there was universal observance of the requirement to offer sacrifices to the Roman gods, and to the emperor." (McGrath, HT, 20)

Edict of Diocletian

February 303

Persecution of Christians which ordered destruction of Christian places of worship. (McGrath, HT, 20)

Gelarius orders cessation of persecution

311 AD

McGrath, HT, 20

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

Constantinople New Capital of East

330 AD

First Council of Constantinople

381 AD

Emperor Theodosius I called it. Made Constantinople higher than other cities other than Rome. Seemed to create a foundation for ecclesiastical conflict between Rome and Constantinople. It divided the eastern Roman empire into 5 diocese.

First Council of Ephesus

431 AD

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

4th Ecumenical Council

Periods

Patristic Period

100 AD - 451 AD

"...vaguely defined entity, which is often taken to designate the period from the closing of the New Testament writings (c.100) to the definitive Council of Chalcedon (451)."
-McGrath 'Historical Theology'