Persecution of the Christians during this period. (McGrath 'HT' 20)
Apostolic Father. Most likely Syrian. The only thing 'known' about Ignatius was his martyr journey from Antioch to Rome where he wrote letters to different churches. Polycarp and Origen witness to this account.
Apostolic Father. Bishop of Smyrna. Leading Christian figure in mid 2nd century Roman Asia. Defended against heresies like Marcionites. Went to Rome, but on return to Smyrna was arrested and burnt to death.
Wrote First and Second Apology, Dialogue with Trypho and On the Resurrection. Beheaded in Rome between 163-167.
Bishop of Lyons. Native of Smyrna, heard Polycarp as boy. Studied in Rome. Opposed Gnosticism by focusing on traditional foundations of the church. Seen as connector between east and west church.
Greek Father. Theologian who taught in Alexandria was deeply influenced by Hellenistic philosophy specifically Plato. Origen was a pupil.
Carthage North Africa, born pagan. Advocated apostolic succession, apologist, became a Montanist. Known for articulating the three substances of the trinity. Western Church.
Approximate Dates. Alexandria School. Origen's God is apophatic.
Bishop of Alexandria. Attended council of Nicaea, opposed Arianism, stood for orthodoxy.
Approximate Dates. Younger bro of St. Basil & St. Macrina. Bishop of Nyssa. Theologian involved in council of Constantinople (381-94). Influenced by Origen meaning the fall came through free will and redemption through Christ. Was mystic/did apophatic stuff (transcendence/immanence). Nyssa located in Cappadocia in Asia Minor w/ Nazianus/Basil, major eastern church thinkers. Eastern Church.
Brother of Gregory of Nyssa and St. Macrina. Cappadocian Father, friendship with Nazianus. Preached missions. Found controversies with extreme groups like Arians and Holy Spirit deniers.
Born and died in North Africa (part of Roman Empire). Made bishop of Hippo in 395. Western Church.
Greek Father. Archbishop of Constantinople. Eloquent speaker and had many recorded sermons. Spoke out against abuses by the church and politics.
Soon after becoming Bishop of Hippo.
Nero blames on Christians.
"...commanded provincial governors and magistrates to ensure that there was universal observance of the requirement to offer sacrifices to the Roman gods, and to the emperor." (McGrath, HT, 20)
Persecution of Christians which ordered destruction of Christian places of worship. (McGrath, HT, 20)
McGrath, HT, 20
Emperor Theodosius I called it. Made Constantinople higher than other cities other than Rome. Seemed to create a foundation for ecclesiastical conflict between Rome and Constantinople. It divided the eastern Roman empire into 5 diocese.
4th Ecumenical Council
"...vaguely defined entity, which is often taken to designate the period from the closing of the New Testament writings (c.100) to the definitive Council of Chalcedon (451)."
-McGrath 'Historical Theology'