The History of Physical Education

Main

Germany

Approx. 1749 CE - Approx. 1825 CE

America

Approx. 1825 CE - 1900 CE

People/ Events

Johann Bernard Basedow

Approx. 1749 CE - Approx. 1768 CE

This marks the start of his teaching career to his death.

Friedrich Ludwig Jahn

Approx. 1811 CE - Approx. 1852 CE

This marks the start of his teaching career to his death.

George Bancroft and Charles Beck

1825 CE

Popular Sports Invented

1849 CE - 1891 CE

Physical Education Made Manditory

Approx. 1866

Effects

Effects of Johann Bernard Basedow

1760

1: He set the ground by emphasizing the importance of physical exercise.
2: He devoted a very large amount of time to physical exercise.
3: He passed on his methods by writing a treatise called "On the best and hitherto unknown method of teaching children of noblemen."
4: He emphasized the importance of correct physical exercise by requiring a unique uniform to be worn by his students.
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Effects of Friedrich Ludwig Jahn

Approx. 1812 CE

1: He emphasized that physical education not only strengthens the body, but also the moral values.
2: He unknowingly told us that motivation is key by emphasizing the need to free Germany to his students.
3: Incorporated simplicity in physical education showing it could be easy.
4: He emphasized that physical education requires designated areas by opening a school.
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Effects of George Bancroft and Charles Beck

1825 CE

1: George Bancroft showed that physical education is important no matter where, not only to help your country.
2: George Bancroft opened the first physical education school in America.
3: Charles Beck translated Jahn's works into English for the first time.
4: Charles Beck was not the only first physical education teacher in America, but build the first gymnasium in America.
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Effects of Popular Sports

Approx. 1865 CE

1: Alexander Cartwright invents baseball in 1845.
2: James Naismith invents basketball in 1891.
3: First sports to be widely publicized.
4: Increased physical exercise by creating a goal to strive for.
5: Showed the importance of teamwork.
6: Helped make physical exercise a fun task.
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Effects of Mandatory Physical Education

1866

1: California pushed other states to make Physical Education mandatory.
2: Promoted exercise as highly beneficial by showing its affects.
3: Made a standard of measurement.
4: Helped ensure higher mental concentration and academic performance.
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