German reformer who was one of the first to see the benefits of physical activity and introduced it into the the school curriculum. He also began the modernization of gymnastics.
A German who introduced physical systematic exercises in school and developed the principles for gymnastics. He also published the first systematic textbook for gymnastics.
A German who is considered the "Father of modern gymnastics" because he introduced many of the different gymnastic activities and incorporated them into the school curriculum.
This promotion began in Jahn's school in Berlin led to gymnastics clubs developing in Europe.
First official PE teacher in America and taught German Gymnastics
Started a gymnastic club in high school. In 1878 he instructed gymnastics at Yale College.
founded to support gymnastics in education
conducted a social control through games and prevent bullying
First ever mandatory physical education
Gymnasiums are built throughout Europe in Sweden, Germany, and Finland
Swedish physical education instructor; founded first physical education instructor's college in England only allowed for women
reformed physical education to military drill because in 1899 when volunteers for the army signed up less than half of them were fit enough; asked schools to have teachers who were trained properly in the army gymnastics course
Round Hill School; geared towards males
Started an early form of aerobics
opened the first college gym at Harvard and the first public gym in Boston
William G. Anderson held a meeting for those who were interested in becoming a professional physical educator and formed the Association for Advancement of Physical Education.
created by the American Physical Education Association
most of the United States universities had majors in physical education
banned sexual discrimination in schools for athletics and academics
changes around the world
pioneered the teaching of physical education; taught fencing at Lund University in 1805; experienced the benefits of physical activity and then worked to promote exercising
first modern physical education movement centered on physical fitness
occurred in Athens and inspired many young people to exercise
PE included teaching loyalty, rules, teamwork, and competition
exercises are gender specific and an emphasis on free movement rather than discipline is placed; swimming and dance is placed on the syllabus for PE; PE in elementary schools are changed to more freedom and exploration from disciplined