Socials 9 Timeline Marissa Findlay

Society and Culture

John Cabot Discoverd Canada

1497

In 1497, John Cabot (Giovanni Cabotto) set off on a voyage to Asia. On his way he, like Christopher Columbus, ran into an island off the coast of North America. As a result, Cabot became the second European to discover North America, thus laying an English claim which would be followed up only after an interval of over one hundred years. With such an interlude, his voyage seems mainly of academic interest. Although it is true that prior discovery was often used as a justification for colonization,1 the great amount of time between discovery and colonizing reduces Cabots importance to a minimum in this regard. However, this is not at all to say that Cabot was unimportant. In becoming the first European to land on these shores since the time of Leif Erikson, Cabot opened up the Grand Banks to a steady encroachment of European fishermen, thus paving the way for eventual colonization.

Daily life of Candian Aboriginals

1500 - 1815

They Hunted, fished, and lived off their own land. The Aboriginals lived close to the water and the the forests. they used the natural resources to survive. They Traded with their own tribes and Europeans. The Aboriginals moved around a lot and had to carry around their own belongings in the process

The relationship between Aboriginals and Europeans

1550 - 1750

In Eastern Canada the mikmaq aboriginals first met the Europeans. The two both got along well but The Europeans carried diseased when they traveled and many of the Aboriginals died over the years because of those diseases.

Politics and Law

English Revolution: King Charles I

1625 - 1649

King Charles I was Monarch of England. King Charles was executed in 1639 and was disliked by the people and the reason for the civil wars.rom 1642, Charles fought the armies of the English and Scottish parliaments in the English Civil War. After his defeat in 1645, he surrendered to a Scottish force that eventually handed him over to the English Parliament. Charles refused to accept his captors' demands for a constitutional monarchy, and temporarily escaped captivity in November 1647.

Petition of Right

1628

The Petition of Right is a major English constitutional document that sets out specific liberties of the subject that the king is prohibited from infringing. Passed on 7 June 1628, the Petition contains restrictions on non-Parliamentary taxation, forced billeting of soldiers, imprisonment without cause, and the use of martial law.

English Revolution

1642 - 1651

The English revolution was a series of wars and fights between the government. NCE the war against the King had begun, divisions arose inside and outside Parliament as to the mode of conducting it. The Cavaliers, as the troops of the Royalist gentry came to be called, had certain military advantages. The Roundheads (there is a social sneer in the name) were strongest in the towns, and though the burghers brought wealth to the cause, they were not at first experienced fighting men. The Cavaliers, on the other hand, relied mainly on the north and west of England, economically backward and badly policed; they, with their tenants and dependents, were used to hard riding and fighting.

English Civil War Battles

1642 - 1645

There were three main battles during the english civil war.

1) Edge hill ( 1642)
2) Marston Moor (1644)
3) Naseby (1645)

The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") in the Kingdom of England over, principally, the manner of its government.

Triangular Trade

1700 - 1879

Triangular Trades: Colonialism, Triangular Trade, Mercantilism, Trade, Industries and Plantations

The Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

SEVEN YEARS' WAR (1756–1763). Encompassing conflict in Europe, North America, the Caribbean, and India, the Seven Years' War resulted from a collision between two very different international problems

French Revolution: The Marquis de Lafayette

1757 - 1834

The Marquis de Lafayette did fight in both wars. Marquis de Lafayette was a general in the American Revolutionary and a leader of the national guard in the French Revolution.

American Revolution

1765 - 1783

The American Revolution, also known as the war for American Independence, was the conflict between the thirteen British colonies in North America and their mother country Britain. The American Revolution began on April 19, 1775 and ended on September 3, 1783. African Americans participated in the revolution from the beginning. In a Colonial Army of 300,000, approximately 5,000 African American soldiers fought on the side of American independence. The Continental Army introduced African Americans into its ranks because it lacked the necessary white man power to prosecute a war against the British. Slaves were excluded under the edict of the Continental Congress, and only free men were allowed to enlist. This rule was often ignored due to enlistment quotas and slaves were enlisted to fill the vacant slots in the regiments despite their official exclusion. When the British offered slaves their freedom in return for taking up arms for the Crown, thousands of African Americans flocked to the side of the British.

American Revolution: The Stamp Act (1765)

1765

The Stamp Act was passed by the British Parliment (1765) and was the first direct tax imposed on the British colonies in North America. The tax was imposed on all printed materials by the British to pay for their debt.

Napoleon

August 15, 1769 - 1821

He was born on August 15th, 1769 in Italy, Corsica. Napoleon went to military school and lived in a rich home life. He was a dictator and his election marked the end of the French Revolution.

Boston Massacre

1770

The Boston Massacre took place on March 5, 1770. British soldiers opened fire on a crowd of people. The Soldiers were arrested but poamphleys showing British soldiers shooting innocent people.

The Boston Tea Party

1773

The Tea Party was the culmination of a resistance movement throughout British America against the Tea Act, which had been passed by the British Parliament in 1773.

Rise of Nationalism

1789 - 1900

Nationalism is a common sense of pride and belief in oneself and the country that you live in. It has symbols of National Flags anthems and symbols. Napoleon destroyed Nationalism in Europe. Nationalism was an important factor in the development of Europe. In the 19th century, a wave of romantic nationalism swept the European continent, transforming its countries. Some newly formed countries, such as Germany, Italy and Romania were formed by uniting various regional states with a common "national identity". Others, such as Greece, Poland and Bulgaria, were formed by winning their independence.

The Fall of the Bastille

1789

July 14th, 1789 was an act of the common people in opposition to the despotism of the monarchy. To the people of Paris, the Bastille was a symbol of brutality and totalitarian power. They managed to get thirty two thousand rifles, but no ammunition. The word spread that it could be found at the Bastille prison. (While it was a prison, there were only 7 prisoners in it at the time; the primary reason for storming the prison was not to free the prisoners, but to seize gunpowder which was stored there

The Code of Napoleon

1802 - 1804

The code forbade privileges based on birth, allowed freedom of religion, and specified that government jobs should go to the most qualified

Technology and Economy

Colonialism

1550

Colonialism is the establishment, exploitation, maintenance, acquisition, and expansion of colonies in one territory by people from another territory. It is a set of unequal relationships between the colonial power and the colony and often between the colonists and the indigenous population.

Fur Trade

1600

The Fur trade changed the economy and caused war with Aboriginals in Canada

Hudson Bay~ Fur Trade

1670

The company was incorporated by English royal charter in 1670 as The Governor and Company of Adventurers of England trading into Hudson's Bay and functioned as the de facto government in parts of North America before European states and later the United States laid claim to some of those territories. It was at one time the largest landowner in the world, with the area of the Hudson Bay watershed, known as Rupert's Land, having 15% of North American acreage.

Imperialism

1700

Europeans believed they were superior to the aboriginals and tried to force imperialism on them.

Imperialism

1750

They tried to change the way they lived, they tried to civilize them, educate them, and convert them to Christianity

The Industrial Revolution

1760 - 1840

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

Napoleon: Commander French Army

1796

Was made the commander of the French Army in Italy in 1796. He forced Austria and its allies to make peace. He fought in many battles, and was stranded when his ship was destroyed by the Britain's and he conquered most of Europe.