British diplomat- Sherriff of Mecca
It appears that the British after making commitments to the Arabs
divide up the Middle East between themselves
Secret economic agreement
From Balfour (UK foreign secretary) to Lord Rothschild (wealthy British jew)
Pledge of support to Zionism, partly motivated by WW1, to gain support from wealthy Jews.
Ottoman Empire destroyed. The dispute begins
British overseeing of the region. Trying to bring stability to the region by overseeing. Not ownership but legal authority over it.
impacts: tensions in regards to Jewish immigration. Jewish response to this is terrorism- paramilitary groups. The British were unable to solve this problem. Through their changing favouritism, they upset everyone. As a result they have to end the mandate
International meeting of the post-World War I allied nations
Resolutions included British Mandate
Trys to clear up confusion surrounding Balfour and White Paper.
Rise of Hitler and Nazi party in Germany
Led to rise in anti-Semitism and increased Jewish immigration into Palestine
Arabs protesting the mandate.
strike - not going to work, not participating in society
ruin the whole thing until something happens
crushed by the British
A plan put forward by a British minster to solve the problem in the Middle East. It is Splitting up of Palestine into an Arab and Israeli state.
Plan gets a poor reaction from Arab population because they get less land:population. This plan does not resolve the issue mostly because of Jerusalem
Restricts Jewish immigration
Evidence of illegal Jewish immigration
"We will fight the White Paper as if there is no war, and fight the war as if there is no White Paper."-Ben Gurion
held in NY to discuss holocaust etc.
Jewish immigration had been restricted, 40,000 enter + 51,000 who failed to enter
Headquarters of the british
Bombed by the Irgun, 91 killed
This happened the day before Mandate ended
Britain leave Palestine
Liberation for the Jews
Catastrophe for the Arabs because they didn't get what they wanted
Began at the end of the mandate