Physical Education Timeline

History Of Physical Education

First Olympics

776 B.C
  1. First Olympics were in recognition of Olympian's gods.
  2. The island of Pelops was the founder of the Olympic games.
  3. The official award ceremony was held on the last day of the Games.
  4. The award ceremony would take place in the temple of Zeus.

Foster Powell

1700
  1. A 60 yrs old man who ran over all around England.
  2. Ran over 402 miles
  3. Mr. Powell beat Andrew Smith on Barham Downs.
  4. Walked to York from London and back in six days. From London to York it is 219.53 miles

Three countries with impacts on Physical Education

1700
  1. Germany created a group of Gymnastic trainings to help persuade fitness.
  2. Sweden persuaded health by a group of movement patterns. For example, rope climbing.
  3. America/ England created sports and games that influenced moral improvement by physical activities.
  4. Germany's, Sweden's, and England's significance in creating these physical fitness activities put the path down for sports and fitness in America.

Special Olympics

1950
  1. Created by Ms. Eunice Kennedy Shriver. 2.July 19-20, 1968 the first Special Olympics for summer were held at Solider Field, in Chicago, Illinois.
  2. February 5-11, 1977 the first Special Olympics for winter were held at Steamboat Springs, Colorado. 4.The disabilities the athletes have are intellectual disability, Fragile X Syndrome, Down Syndrome, Autism Spectrum Disorders or ASD, Apert Syndrome, Williams Syndrome, Fetal- Alcohol Syndrome, Prader - Willie, Phenylketonuria (PKU), Cerebral Palsey, and many more which are still unknown.

Sports

Soccer

101 B.C
  1. Soccer is the most beloved sport in Europe and America.
  2. King Edward III banned soccer in 1365 because it caused acts of violence.
  3. October 1863 eleven representatives from London schools and clubs made rules for the game.
  4. FIFA was created in 1904.

Cricket

1201
  1. Cricket is England's National summer sport
  2. Played with a bat and ball with 11 players on each team.
  3. Used to be played with a stone for a bat and a curved tree trunk for a bat.
  4. The first cricket match took place in Kent, England in 1646

Lacrosse

1630
  1. Was a stick ball game Indians used to play.
  2. Lacrosse is also known as field hockey or shinny.
  3. Men and Women can play
  4. Lacrosse was part of the 1904 and 1908 Summer Olympics.

Thanksgiving Day

1887
  1. Softball was created on Thanksgiving day after a Harvard and Yale football game.
  2. Other names for softball were "indoor baseball","kitten baseball","diamond baseball","mush ball",and "pumpkin ball".
  3. Fast- pitch softball for women was entered into the 1996 Summer Olympics.
  4. The name softball was created by Walter Hanken.

Volleyball

1895
  1. Volleyball was created by William G. Morgan.
  2. Original name for volleyball was minotonette.
  3. In 1928 the United States Volleyball Association (USVBA) now USA Volleyball was established to set up rules and regulations.
  4. In 1957 Volleyball was entered into the list for the 1964 Olympics.
  5. In 1996 2 person beach volleyball was entered into the Olympics.

Important People in Physical Education

Pehr Ling

November 15, 1776
  1. Created Swedish gymnastics.
  2. The Sweden Gymnastics focused on light, rhythmic exercise, and the medical aspect of Physical activity.
  3. Established the Gymnastic Central Institute in Stockholm, Sweden in 1813.
  4. Medical gymnastics played an important part in Ling's life

Catherine Beecher

September 6, 1800
  1. Respected exercise for women.
  2. Created exercises called calisthenics.
  3. Wrote books on Physical Education.
  4. Founded Hartford Female divinity school for women in 1823

Dio Lewis

March 3, 1823
  1. In Boston 1861 Mr. Lewis established Normal Institute for Physical Education.
  2. The Normal Institute was the first Physical Education teacher training place.
  3. Created "new gymnastics".
  4. The "new gymnastics" involved agility, grace, flexibility, general health, and posture.

Charles Beck

1825
  1. Beck became first official Physical Education teacher in America.
  2. He taught Latin and P.E at the school Roundhill. This school is located in Northampton, Massachusetts.
  3. Beck taught P.E by using ideas from the German gymnastics.
  4. Mr. Beck created an outdoor gymnasium at Roundhill.
  5. The gymnasium established in Roundhill was the first in the U.S.
  6. The Roundhill gym was the very first school which had a gymnastics program.

Therapies used in Physical Education

Sports Medicine

500 B.C
  1. Sports medicine helps athletes improve their performance, help recover from an injury, and helping prevent a future injury from occurring.
  2. Injuries can be either labeled as traumatic or overuse.
  3. Traumatic Injuries are mostly in contact sports
  4. Overuse injuries are when a muscle is over stressed

Orthopedic Physical Therapy

1500
  1. Orthopedic Physical Therapy focuses on the muscular and skeletal system.
  2. Orthopedic therapists deal with sport injuries, arthritis, and amputations.
  3. This therapy is able to restore movement in muscles and unwavering joints.
  4. Orthopedic Therapists help rehabilitate patients after an Orthopedic surgery.

Cardiopulmonary Therapy

1500
  1. Cardiopulmonary Therapy deals with the heart and lungs/chest.
  2. Therapists educate the patients on how to prevent cardiopulmonary diseases
  3. Cardiopulmonary problems are more often found in older adults or senior citizens
  4. The therapists help the patient achieve function of their respiratory and cardiac system.

Kinesiology

1964
  1. Kinesiology is the study of muscles and movement of the body.
  2. Kinesiology was created by Dr. George Goodheart.
  3. Muscle testing is a major component of kinesiology.
  4. Applied kinesiology has been created from different aspects such as: fixing spinal/pelvic issues, biochemistry which decides the body's chemical pathways, and fixing muscle imbalances.

Programs to end Obesity

Shape up America!

1994
  1. Created by Dr. C Everett Koop.
  2. Raises awareness of obesity.
  3. Provides information on healthy weight loss by increasing physical activity and correct healthy eating.
  4. Encourages small lifestyle changes.

We Can!

June 1 ,2005
  1. We Can! stands for ( Ways to Enhance Children's Activity and Nutrition) 2 Developed by the NHLBI ( National Heart, Lung,and Blood Institute)
  2. We Can helps children ages 8 to 13 maintain a healthy weight.
  3. We Can provides parents or care givers with tools, fun activities, and many more things to help children maintain a healthy life, and physical activities.
  4. The program offers organizations, community groups, and health professionals ways to promote healthy weight in the youth's community.

Strong4Life

2008
  1. Stong4Life was created by Children's Healthcare of America.
  2. Strong4Life is trying to reverse the problem of childhood obesity.
  3. Strong4Life reach out to parents by public awareness, policy change efforts, school programs, healthcare provider programs, community partnerships, and many more.
  4. Breaks down child obesity into small steps.

Let's Move!

February 2010
  1. Created by the First Lady Michelle Obama.
  2. The Let's Move! program is trying to solve the child obesity epidemic.
  3. The program's goal is to try and put children on a healthy path at a young age.
  4. President Barack Obama signed a memorandum which created a task force for Childhood Obesity.
  5. The task force looks at programs and policies that are related to children's nutrition and their physical activity.