History Of Physical Education
- First Olympics were in recognition of Olympian's gods.
- The island of Pelops was the founder of the Olympic games.
- The official award ceremony was held on the last day of the Games.
- The award ceremony would take place in the temple of Zeus.
Three countries with impacts on Physical Education
- Germany created a group of Gymnastic trainings to help persuade fitness.
- Sweden persuaded health by a group of movement patterns. For example, rope climbing.
- America/ England created sports and games that influenced moral improvement by physical activities.
- Germany's, Sweden's, and England's significance in creating these physical fitness activities put the path down for sports and fitness in America.
- A 60 yrs old man who ran over all around England.
- Ran over 402 miles
- Mr. Powell beat Andrew Smith on Barham Downs.
- Walked to York from London and back in six days. From London to York it is 219.53 miles
- Created by Ms. Eunice Kennedy Shriver.
2.July 19-20, 1968 the first Special Olympics for summer were held at Solider Field, in Chicago, Illinois.
- February 5-11, 1977 the first Special Olympics for winter were held at Steamboat Springs, Colorado.
4.The disabilities the athletes have are intellectual disability, Fragile X Syndrome, Down Syndrome, Autism Spectrum Disorders or ASD, Apert Syndrome, Williams Syndrome, Fetal- Alcohol Syndrome, Prader - Willie, Phenylketonuria (PKU), Cerebral Palsey, and many more which are still unknown.
- Soccer is the most beloved sport in Europe and America.
- King Edward III banned soccer in 1365 because it caused acts of violence.
- October 1863 eleven representatives from London schools and clubs made rules for the game.
- FIFA was created in 1904.
- Cricket is England's National summer sport
- Played with a bat and ball with 11 players on each team.
- Used to be played with a stone for a bat and a curved tree trunk for a bat.
- The first cricket match took place in Kent, England in 1646
- Was a stick ball game Indians used to play.
- Lacrosse is also known as field hockey or shinny.
- Men and Women can play
- Lacrosse was part of the 1904 and 1908 Summer Olympics.
- Softball was created on Thanksgiving day after a Harvard and Yale football game.
- Other names for softball were "indoor baseball","kitten baseball","diamond baseball","mush ball",and "pumpkin ball".
- Fast- pitch softball for women was entered into the 1996 Summer Olympics.
- The name softball was created by Walter Hanken.
- Volleyball was created by William G. Morgan.
- Original name for volleyball was minotonette.
- In 1928 the United States Volleyball Association (USVBA) now USA Volleyball was established to set up rules and regulations.
- In 1957 Volleyball was entered into the list for the 1964 Olympics.
- In 1996 2 person beach volleyball was entered into the Olympics.
Important People in Physical Education
November 15, 1776
- Created Swedish gymnastics.
- The Sweden Gymnastics focused on light, rhythmic exercise, and the medical aspect of Physical activity.
- Established the Gymnastic Central Institute in Stockholm, Sweden in 1813.
- Medical gymnastics played an important part in Ling's life
September 6, 1800
- Respected exercise for women.
- Created exercises called calisthenics.
- Wrote books on Physical Education.
- Founded Hartford Female divinity school for women in 1823
- In Boston 1861 Mr. Lewis established Normal Institute for Physical Education.
- The Normal Institute was the first Physical Education teacher training place.
- Created "new gymnastics".
- The "new gymnastics" involved agility, grace, flexibility, general health, and posture.
- Beck became first official Physical Education teacher in America.
- He taught Latin and P.E at the school Roundhill. This school is located in Northampton, Massachusetts.
- Beck taught P.E by using ideas from the German gymnastics.
- Mr. Beck created an outdoor gymnasium at Roundhill.
- The gymnasium established in Roundhill was the first in the U.S.
- The Roundhill gym was the very first school which had a gymnastics program.
Therapies used in Physical Education
- Sports medicine helps athletes improve their performance, help recover from an injury, and helping prevent a future injury from occurring.
- Injuries can be either labeled as traumatic or overuse.
- Traumatic Injuries are mostly in contact sports
- Overuse injuries are when a muscle is over stressed
- Cardiopulmonary Therapy deals with the heart and lungs/chest.
- Therapists educate the patients on how to prevent cardiopulmonary diseases
- Cardiopulmonary problems are more often found in older adults or senior citizens
- The therapists help the patient achieve function of their respiratory and cardiac system.
Orthopedic Physical Therapy
- Orthopedic Physical Therapy focuses on the muscular and skeletal system.
- Orthopedic therapists deal with sport injuries, arthritis, and amputations.
- This therapy is able to restore movement in muscles and unwavering joints.
- Orthopedic Therapists help rehabilitate patients after an Orthopedic surgery.
- Kinesiology is the study of muscles and movement of the body.
- Kinesiology was created by Dr. George Goodheart.
- Muscle testing is a major component of kinesiology.
- Applied kinesiology has been created from different aspects such as: fixing spinal/pelvic issues, biochemistry which decides the body's chemical pathways, and fixing muscle imbalances.
Programs to end Obesity
- Created by Dr. C Everett Koop.
- Raises awareness of obesity.
- Provides information on healthy weight loss by increasing physical activity and correct healthy eating.
- Encourages small lifestyle changes.
- We Can! stands for ( Ways to Enhance Children's Activity and Nutrition)
2 Developed by the NHLBI ( National Heart, Lung,and Blood Institute)
- We Can helps children ages 8 to 13 maintain a healthy weight.
- We Can provides parents or care givers with tools, fun activities, and many more things to help children maintain a healthy life, and physical activities.
- The program offers organizations, community groups, and health professionals ways to promote healthy weight in the youth's community.
- Stong4Life was created by Children's Healthcare of America.
- Strong4Life is trying to reverse the problem of childhood obesity.
- Strong4Life reach out to parents by public awareness, policy change efforts, school programs, healthcare provider programs, community partnerships, and many more.
- Breaks down child obesity into small steps.
- Created by the First Lady Michelle Obama.
- The Let's Move! program is trying to solve the child obesity epidemic.
- The program's goal is to try and put children on a healthy path at a young age.
- President Barack Obama signed a memorandum which created a task force for Childhood Obesity.
- The task force looks at programs and policies that are related to children's nutrition and their physical activity.