Civil Rights Movement

Mr. Moore 11A US History

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Executive Order 8022

June 25 1941

Passed by FDR administration to ensure fair hiring practices in government hired jobs.

Brown vs. Board of Education

1954

Landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutiona

Lynching of Emmett Till

1955

The Emmett Till murder trial brought to light the brutality of Jim Crow segregation in the South and was an early impetus of the African American civil rights movement.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1 1955 - December 2 1956

A seminal event in the U.S. civil rights movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama

The Little Rock 9

1957

Ggroup of African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School. Their enrollment was followed by the Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Orval Faubus, the Governor of Arkansas.

Brown vs. BOE helped

Beginning of Lunch Counter Sit-ins

1960

A sit-in or sit-down is a form of direct action that involves one or more people occupying an area for a protest, often to promote political, social, or economic change.

Series of nonviolent sit-in protests in Greensboro, North Carolina which led to the Woolworth department store chain reversing its policy of racial segregation in the Southern United States.

Formation of SNCC

April 1960

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Was one of the most important organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement and grew into a large organization with many supporters in the North who helped raise funds to support SNCC's work in the South.

Freedom Riders

1961

Civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States to challenge the non-enforcement of the United States Supreme Court decisions which ruled that segregated public buses were unconstitutional.

Desegregation of Ole Miss

September 20 1962

Fight between Southern segregationist civilians and federal and state forces as a result of the forced enrollment of black student James Meredith at the University of Mississippi (Ole Miss)

Publication of The Feminine Mystique

1963

Book by Betty Friedan which is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States

March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

August 1963

Was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans.

Birmingham Church Bombing;

September 15 1963

The 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama was as an act of white supremacist terrorism. The explosion at the African-American church marked a turning point in the United States 1960s Civil Rights Movement and contributed to support for passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Civil Rights Act

July 2 1964

Landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the United States that outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin

Voting Rights Act

August 6 1965

Landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits discrimination in voting. Act allowed for a mass enfranchisement of racial minorities throughout the country, especially in the South.

National Organization for Women (NOW)

1966

Feminist organization, It has a membership of 550,000. The organization consists of 550 chapters in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia.

Stonewall Riots

June 28 1969

Series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay community against a police raid that took place in at the Stonewall Inn in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of New York City.

Bloody Sunday

January 30 1972

Incident on in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland, in which 26 civil rights protesters and bystanders were shot by soldiers of the British Army.