Physical Education History

Historical Events/People 1800's

Johann Bernard Basedow

1774
  1. He was the first to understand physical education's importance which led to other people involving physical education in their teachings, such as Friedrich Jahn.
  2. He created a uniform so his students could have unrestricted movement.
  3. He included gymnastics as part of his daily curriculum which led to more people educating through active movement.
  4. He held a two month summer camp for his students.

Denmark's Bill of 1814

1814
  1. This created mandatory physical education for the first time.
  2. This led to more legislation about physical education such as in 1866 when California was the first state to pass laws on physical education. 3.This led to the Normal Institute of Physical Education being founded in Boston in 1861 because it showed that physical education needed to be taken seriously and was an important area of study. 4.This showed the first time people were starting to realize that physical education was important and needed to be included in education.

Hartford seminary for girls with American Style Calisthenics is founded

1823
  1. This was the first place created specifically for physical education.
  2. This introduced the idea of a school with physical education to other places such as the Round Hill School which opened in 1823.
  3. The opening of the schools led to physical education teachers being employed, and Charles Beck became the first educator of physical education in 1825.
  4. This is also introducing a place where only girls can participate in physical activity instead of most places which were for boys.

James Naismith invents Basketball

1891
  1. This showed that physical education was being looked at in a creative way.
  2. This allowed for more recreational sports to be introduced.
  3. This showed people that physical education could be fun.
  4. This introduced teamwork and communication into physical education, instead of doing individual exercise.

In Athens, Greece the first Modern Olympics is held

1896
  1. This led to more competition in individual and team sports because most athletes want to win gold at the olympics.
  2. This created a more worldwide connection through physical education.
  3. This led to more people getting involved in sports, even if they are unable to play them.
  4. This provided entertainment through physical activities.

Historical Events/People 1900's

Playground Association of America

1906
  1. The playground association was started to provide activities outdoors to kids in urban areas.
  2. The number of playgrounds in America increased by 590%. 3.This promoted active play and recreation within communities.
  3. This later combined with other organizations to become the National Recreation and Park Association.

Internation Federation of Sports Medicine

1928
  1. This was started to assist athletes in training and medical care.
  2. This promoted the ideas of the importance of sports medicine and athletic medical care.
  3. This organization provides research into the latest medical advancements for athletes.
  4. This spread sports medicine practice to other countries.

PEP (Physical Education for Progress Act) bill is approved by congress

1990
  1. This was set up to improve physical education classes.
  2. This provided funds and equipment for students participating in physical education classes.
  3. This enhanced physical education standards in order to meet the nations goals.
  4. The program authorized federal government to share the costs of initiating physical education.

Olympic and Amateur Sports Act

1998
  1. This act followed the Amateur Sports Act of 1978.
  2. The act established the United States Olympic Committee.
  3. The act gave power to the USOC to help protect athlete's rights.
  4. This act established requirements for National Governing Bodies to join the USOC.

Historical Events/People 2000's

Healthy People 2010

2010
  1. This helps individuals make informed decisions about their health.
  2. This encouraged communities to collaborate about informing Americans about healthy choices.
  3. This was set up to measure how prevention activities impacted Americans.
  4. This increased the public's awareness about disease, health, and disability.
  5. This helped to provide research into what a healthy life is.