Dateline Troy Timeline

Trojan War

Troy inhabited

3000 B.C.

Mycenae (Greece) flourishes

1600 B.C.

Mycenae dominates Aegean

1450 B.C.

Mycenae reaches it's peak

1320 B.C.

Trojan War (between Troy & Mycenae)

1190 B.C.

Mycenae falls to invaders

1100 B.C.

Age of Darkness

1100 B.C. - 800 B.C.

Age of Darkness in Aegean area, Dorian and Ionian invasions interrupt Mycenaean civilization

Homer Writing

750 B.C.

Science

Simple bows common in northern Europe

6000 B.C.

Wheels in Mesopotamia

4000 B.C.

Hieroglyphic Writing In Egypt

3200 B.C.

Chariots in Mesopotamia

3000 B.C.

Egyptians perform successful surgery

2500 B.C.

Egyptians performing surgery, and some patients live

Sundials in Egypt

1500 B.C.

First Olympic Games

776 B.C.

War

Sumer Has fully articulated military

2700 B.C.

Sumer has fully articulated military, including standing army organized along modern lines

Stele of Vulture

2525 B.C.

Stele of Vultures (by Eannatum) shows war with phalanxes 6 deep by 8 wide; armor; helmets; spears; socket axes; sickle swords; and chariots pulled by onagers (wild donkeys)

First Detailed Account of a War

2525 B.C.

First detailed account of a war, between Lagash and Umma (both Sumerian city-states), recorded in pictures on stele erected by victorious Eannatum of Lagash (victors write history)

Battering Ram Developed

2500 B.C.

Battering ram developed to counter fortifications, since armies on the move needed supplies hidden in the cities

Cooper Helmets with Leather Liners

2500 B.C.

Copper helmets with leather liners common in Sumerian army, lessening impact of mace as a weapon

Sargon the Great

2300 B.C.

Sargon the Great, of Akkad, launches conquest of all of Mesopotamia, first great military dictator

Sargon has big army

2300 B.C.

Sargon's army of 5,300 is big for the time

First evidence of bow

2250 B.C.

First evidence of composite bow, during reign of Naram Sin, grandson of Sargon the Great -- able to penetrate leather armor, double range of simple bows

Math

Sumerians divide circle

3000 B.C.

Sumerians divide circle into 360 degrees (a very divisive people, these Sumerians)

Sumerians divide hour

3000 B.C.

Sumerians divide hour into 60 minutes

Sumerians divide day

3000 B.C.

Sumerians divide day into 24 hours

Sumerians divide minute

3000 B.C.

Sumerians divide minute into 60 seconds

Egyptians use calendar with 365 days

2773 B.C.