Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American to play in the modern major leagues, breaking the color barrier in baseball that hasn't been broken for over half a century.
President Harry S. Truman issues Executive Order #9981, desegregating the military. This allowed blacks and whites to fight together for their country and were mingling/ integrating.
The Supreme Court orders the desegregation of public schools, after this, black children and white children receive the same education and become friends in school.
The murder of Emmett Till, a 14 year old African American boy, helped spark the movement for civil rights for African Americans when his murderers saw no consequence for their crime.
Rosa Parks arrest provided inspiration for the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Since 75% of the Montgomery bus riders were African American, the boycott proposed a major economic threat to the company and social threat to white rule in the city.
This mattered in the Civil Rights movement because it showed how President Eisenhower took a strong stand against segregation.
The sit-ins provoked the type of reaction the Civil Rights movement wanted, which was to highlight the issue of segregation in the South.
Founded in April 1960 to plan successful nonviolent protests in Southern college towns. Such as sit-ins where black students refused to leave restaurants in which they were denied service based on their race. This form of nonviolent protests brought SNCC to national attention, throwing a harsh public light on racism in the south.
In 1961, the Freedom Riders set out for the Deep South to protest the Jim Crow laws and call for change. They faced hatred and violence, and local police often refused to stop the abuse. The worst case of violence that they faced was when a "Freedom Bus" was set on fire by Klan members. The Freedom Riders efforts transformed the civil rights movement.
When the students in the march were attacked by police men, fire hoses, and police dogs they remained nonviolent showing their strength this prompted President John F. Kennedy to publicly fully support racial equality and led to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 forbade discrimination by sex and race in hiring, promoting, and firing.
On February 18, 1965 Jackson attended a peaceful night march in Marion, Alabama and was shot by a state trooper, but he didn't die until February 26. Jackson's death inspired the march from Selma to Montgomery on March 7, 1965 and also helped pass the Voting Rights Act in August 1965
The March from Selma to Montgomery was another example of the violence and prejudice towards African Americans.
Signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson, this act provides nation wide protection of voting rights. Specifically it out laws literacy tests and similar devices that were used to keep racial minorities from voting. This gives African Americans the opportunity to vote.