Timeline of Wars (1200-Present)


4th-8th Crusades

1202 - 1270

The fourth crusade was intended to conquer Jerusalem from the Muslims but instead destroyed the city of Constantinople, the Byzantine capital. The fifth crusade was a push from the Roman Empire to conquer the holy land by first conquering the Ayyubid state in Egypt. The sixth,seventh and eighth crusades were also attempts to obtain and conquer Jerusalem.

Mongol Conquests

1206 - 1324

The Mongol Conquest from 1206 to 1324 lead to a full scale expansion of Mongol territory. By the 1300s, Mongol territory extended throughout much of Asia and Eastern Europe. This Conquest brought the rise to the Mongol Empire.

Albigensian Crusade

1208 - 1259

The Albigensian Crusade was an attempt by Pope Innocent III to eliminate catharism from Languedoc. This crusade resulted in the genocide of cathars in Languedoc in south France. It is estimated that due to this crusade, one million people were murdered.

Byzantine Civil War

1321 - 1328

The Byzantine civil war was caused by Andronikos II Palaiologos, the Byzantine emperor and his grandson Andronikos III Palaiologos. The civil war was a fight over control of the Byzantine Empire. It resulted in Andronikos III becoming co-emperor of the Byzantines.

Genko War in Japan

1331 - 1333

The Genko War was initiated by Emperor Go-Daigo when he tried to seize power from the Japanese shogunate. The uprising of Go-Daigo and his supporters marked the end to the Kamakura shogunat's control of Japan.

Hundred Years' War

1337 - 1453

The Hundred Years' War was a series of battles and fights led by the rulers of the Kingdom of England and the House of Valois for control of the French throne. This war ended in a victory for the House of Valois and having them gain the French throne.

Conquests of Tamerlane

1370 - 1405

The Conquests of Tamerlane were a series of conquests by a Turko-Mongol ruler who eventually was able to gain control of West, South and Central Asia. His conquest also led to the establishment of the Timurid Dynasty.

Bohemian War

1420 - 1434

The Bohemian War was a long rebellion by the Hussite Bohemians against the Holy Roman Empire. The Bohemians were able to withstand the Holy Roman Empire even while being outnumbered and eventually defeated the party leading the offensive thus ending the war.

Thirteen Years' War

1454 - 1466

The thirteen years war was a war fought between the Prussian Confederation and the State of the Teutonic Order. The war began when Prussian cities began to fight for independence from the Teutonic Knights. The thirteen years war resulted in ended in the victory of the Prussian Confederation.

War of the Roses

1455 - 1485

The War of Roses was a war between supporters of two rival branches of the Royal House of Plantagenet, the Houses of Lancaster and York for the throne of England. This war resulted in Yorkist victory and over twenty years of Yorkist rule.

German Peasants' War

1524 - 1525

The German Peasants' War was a revolt all across Central Europe which failed and resulted in 10,000 to 30,000 poor German peasants and farmers being slaughtered.

Five Wars of Religion in France

1562 - 1576

The Wars of religion in France were a series of wars in France fought between Catholics and protestants. The series of wars resulted in the protestants to gain a significant number of rights in certain areas.

Japanese Invasion of Korea

1592 - 1598

The Japanese Invasion of Korea was carried out in two separate operations. The invasion of Korea ended in a stalemate for both sides and a withdrawal of Japanese forces from Korea.

Swedish Civil War

1597 - 1598

The Swedish Civil War resulted from an attempt to secure an alliance between Poland-Lithuania and Sweden. The Civil War in Sweden resulted in the defeat of Sigismund's forces.

Qing Conquest of Ming Dynasty

1616 - 1662

The conquest of the Ming Dynasty resulted in the fall of the Ming Dynasty and the creation of the Qing Dynasty.

Thirty Years' War

1618 - 1648

The Thirty Years' War was a series of conflicts between Protestant and Catholics in central Europe. The war was ended by the treaties of Osnabrück and Münster. As a result of the war, Protestants were allowed to continue their religious practices, the rise of France, the rise of the Swedish Empire, and the decentralization of the Holy Roman Empire.

Wars of the Three Kingdoms

1639 - 1651

The wars of the Three Kingdoms were a series of wars that took place in England, Ireland, and Scotland. The Wars of the Three Kingdoms led to the execution of King Charles I. The wars ended after Charles's execution when King Charles II came to power and restored peace across the three kingdoms.

Third Northern War

1700 - 1721

The Third Northern War also called the Great Northern war was caused when the Tsardom of Russia successfully contested the supremacy of the Swedish Empire. The war resulted in Russian victory making Russia the new power of Europe and marking the decline of the Swedish Empire.

Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

The Seven Years' War was initiated by the competition of the great powers of Europe fighting for trade and colonies. The war between these great powers was ended by both the Treaty of Paris and also the Treaty of Hubertusburg. The war resulted in a victory for Great Britain since it gained the majority of New France in North America.

Napoleonic Wars

1803 - 1815

The Napoleonic Wars were wars fought between Napoleon's French Empire and Great Britain. The wars ended in the Frenches defeat and the defeat of Napoleon.

First Opium War

1839 - 1842

The Opium War was fought between Great Britain and China. China wanted to cease Opium trade with Great Britain. As a result, the chinese confiscated approximately 20,000 chests of Opium angering British traders. The war between Britain and China resulted in British victory and establishing the Treaty of Nanking which allowed for Britain to open five trading ports with China.

American Civil War

1861 - 1865

The American Civil War was fought between the North and South of America over slavery. The North and South fought without intervention of foreign powers. After four years of war, the North was victorious. The North's victory resulted in the abolishment of slavery, the destruction of the south and the later assassination of Lincoln.

Aceh War

1873 - 1914

The Aceh War was a war between Sultanate of Aceh and the Netherlands. The war was triggered by discussions between Aceh and U.S. representatives in Singapore. The war resulted in a Dutch victory which then allowed the Dutch to impose their rule over Aceh.

Mexican Revolution

1910 - 1920

The Mexican Revolution was started by an uprising led by Francisco Madero against Porfirio Díaz. The revolution's representatives soon developed a Mexican Constitution in 1917. The Mexican Revolution resulted in the exile of Porfirio Díaz and the establishment of the Mexican Constitution.

World War 1

1914 - 1918

World War 1 was triggered by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. One of the two alliances formed during World War 1 was the Triple Entente also called the allies which included United Kingdom, France, Russia, Italy, Japan and the United States. The other alliance was called the Central Powers and this included Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire. The war resulted in the allied victory which led to the end of the German, Ottoman, and Austria-Hungary empires.

Russian Civil War

1917 - 1922

The Russian Civil War was fought between two opposing parties, the Bolshevik Red Army and the White Army. The Russian Civil War resulted in a victory for the Bolshevik Red Army allowing the Bolshevik party to take control Russia.

Chinese Civil War

1927 - 1949

The Chinese Civil War was fought between those who stayed loyal to the government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China. The Civil War resulted in the relocation of the Republic of China to Taiwan and the communist occupation of the mainland of China, both believing that they are the true government of China.

Second Sino Japanese War

1937 - 1945

The Sino Japanese War was a war fought between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan. The war ended in Chinese victory which forced a surrender out of all Japanese forces.

World War 2

1939 - 1945

World War 2 was initiated by Germany when it invaded Poland forcing France and the United Kingdoms to declare war on Germany. The United States was forced to join the war with Japan's bombing of Pearl Harbor. The war ended in an allied victory. Resulting from the war was the collapse of the Third Reich, the collapse of the Japanese and the Italian empires, the creation the the United Nations and the emergence of the U.S. and Russia as superpowers.

Korean War

1950 - 1953

The Korean War was a war between the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. The tension build between North and South Korea soon became an all out war when North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950. The war was an indecisive victory, the North Korean invasion was repelled but so was the United Nations attempt to invade North Korea.

Vietnam War

1955 - 1975

The Vietnam War was a war between North and South Korea. Even though the United States was giving South Korea aid in order to keep them from turning communist, North Vietnam was victorious. The North's victory resulted in the United States being forced to withdraw its forces from South Vietnam and the communist takeover of South Vietnam.

Basque Conflict

1959 - 2011

The Basque Conflict was a war between Spain and France. The conflict was started due to the Basque organizations wanting to be free from Spain and gain their own independence. The conflict resulted in constant attacks on Spain by a separatist organizations ETA. ETA was soon considered to be a terrorist organization by France and Spain.

Algerian Civil War

1991 - 2002

The Algerian Civil War was a series of conflicts between the Algerian government and the many Islamic rebel groups. The Civil War ended in a victory for the Algerian government due to the surrender of the Islamic Salvation Army. After the surrender to the Islamic army, peace was restored.

Second Congo War

1998 - 2003

The Second Congo War was fought only a few years after the First Congo War and was fought for the same reasons. The War finally ended when the Transitional Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo took power of Congo.

War in Darfur

2003 - 2014

The War in Darfur is an ongoing war in which two rebel groups began to take an offensive against the Sudanese government. The government reacted to the groups rebellion by having an ethnic cleansing which led to the deaths of tens of hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians.

Syrian Civil War

2011 - 2014

The Syrian Civil War is an ongoing war between those loyal to the Ba'ath government and those wanting to eliminate it. Syrian protesters began to appear demanding for democratic and economic reforms. The Syrian government responded to the protesters by releasing the Syrian Army to silence the protesters.