Civil Rights

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Jackie Robinson Integrates Baseball

April 15, 1947

He became the first African American major league baseball player of the modern era of 1947 and impacted segregation and racial equality.

Intergration of the Military

July 14, 1948

President Truman signed the executive order 9981, which announced equality of treatment and opportunity for everyone in the armed services in order to end segregation in the armed forces.

Brown vs. Board of Education

May 17, 1954

The day the supreme court rules racial segregation in schools unconstitutional.

Emmett Till Murderd

August 28, 1955

Emmett Till, an African American, was brutally murdered, for flirting with a white girl and impacted racial equality and justice.

Rosa Parks/Montogmery Bus Boycott

December 1, 1955

Rosa Parks was arrested and the Montgomery bus boycott was a 13 month mass protest that ended with the US supreme court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional.

Intergration of Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas

September 23, 1957

All African American students were given the right to an equal education, under the United States Supreme Court, because of 9 African American students.

Sit-In - Greensboro, North Carolina

February 1, 1960

The 1960 sit-ins effected partial desegregation, without legal action, but was proved to be one of the simplest and effective protests of the civil rights movement.

Creation of Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

April 1960

The SNCC agave younger blacks more say in the Civil Rights movement.

Freedom Riders

May 4, 1961

The congress of Racial Equality, planned journeys to change the seating interstate passengers and to show how it was unconstitutional.

Children's March

May 2, 1963

More than a thousand African Americans (students) gathered at 6th street Baptist Curb to march downtown Birmingham.

Civil Rights Act

July 2, 1964

The act prohibited discrimination in public places, provided for the integration of schools and other public facilities and made employment discrimination illegal.

Jimmy Lee Jackson Killed

February 18, 1965

Jimmie Lee Jackson was shot and killed by an Alabama state topper and helped the civil rights demonstration, which led to the Voting Rights Act.

March from Selma to Montgomery

March 17, 1965

Martin Luther King Jr's Southern Christian Leadership Conference had Selma, Alabama, its focus to have African Americans in the South, to vote and passed the Voting Rights Act to African Americans.

Voting Rights Act

August 6, 1965

Congress passed this acre which banned literacy tests and other ballets to African American voting.