Christian Church History to 1500 AD

This timeline only focus on major church fathers, theology and events

Philosopher

Philosophical thinking that have impact the Christian world

Plato (Greek: Πλάτων)

423 BC - 347 BC

Century: 4th BC

Event: Records Socrates drinking the Hemlock

Thought:
This of sense perception is transient, the real world is transcendent & can only be "remembered" by our immortal souls. God does not involve himself w/the material world because he is transcendent, so he create through the Dyad/Logos

Story:
Plato was the student of Socrates & the teacher of Aristotle

Councils and Edicts

This layer contains the councils and edicts that have affected the Christian church.

Edict of Milan (313 AD) - Establishes official toleration of Christianity

313 AD

After years of power struggles for the imperial purple, the Roman world enjoyed a degree of peace. And after the failure of the Great Persecution (initiated by the emperors Diocletian and Galerius in 303–304), the Christian church had begun to recover its stability. The two men were the Roman emperors—Constantine ruling the West and Licinius the East. Constantine and Licinius turned their minds to matters affecting the general welfare of the Empire. It came out of a two-man summit meeting in the northern Italian city of Milan in January 313. It marks the Roman Empire’s final abandonment of the policies of persecution of Christians.

Council of Nicea (325) - Christology issues

325 AD

VIP(s):
Emperor Constantine 1 (Convoked)
Athanasius of Alexandria (President)
Eusebius of Caesarea
Jerome
Alexander of Alexandria

Controversy:
was a council of Christian bishops convened in Nicaea by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in AD 325. Its main accomplishments were settlement of the Christological issue of the nature of the Son of God and his relationship to God the Father.

Nicene Creed:
1. One God
2.one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, begotten of the Father [the only-begotten; that is, of the essence of the Father, God of God, Light of Light, very God of very God, being of one substance with the Father;
3.Who for us men, and for our salvation, came down and was incarnate and was made man
4.Believe in the Holy Ghost.

Note:
The son is Homoousios = Same nature w/the Father.
The creed supported Sabellius who believed God is one person w/3 modes, so many bishops rejected the creed.
Constantine decreed that anyone who refuse to sign the creed will be killed.

Council of Constantinople (381 AD) - Nature of Son, Father & Holy Spirit

381 AD

VIP:
Emperor Theodosius I (ordered the council)
Eusebius of Nicomedia (spoke man for Arius)
Athanasius of Alexandria
Gregory of Nazianzus (President of council)

Previous council: First Council of Nicaea

Next council: Council of Ephesus

Controversy: the Nature of Christ

Purpose:
1. to confirm the Nicene Faith.
2. To reconcile the semi-Arians with the Church, and to put an end to the Macedonian heresy.

Note:
The Three Hypostasis Homoousios was added to the Nicene creed to replace Homoiousios.
Three Hypostasis Homousios = 3 person that are of the same nature (God).

Council of Ephesus - 431 AD (Condemned Nestorius teaching)

431 AD

VIP(s):
Theodosius II
Cyril of Alexandria
Nestorius of Constantinople
Eutyches

Controversy: The nature of Christ

Ordered by:
Was convened in Ephesus in AD 431 by the Roman Emperor Theodosius II.

Purpose:
1. It was an effort to attain consensus in the church through an assembly representing all of Christendom.
2. To confirmed the original Nicene Creed,
3.condemned the teachings of Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople that Virgin Mary may be called the Christotokos, "Birth Giver of Christ" but not the Theotokos, "Birth Giver of God".

Council of Chalcedon (451 AD) - Two nature controversy & Fatih defined

451 AD

VIP(s):
Pope Leo the Great
Monk Eutyches
Eastern emperor Theodosius II
Eastern emperor Marcian

Controversy:
In the 440s, a respected monk from Constantinople, Eutyches, denied that Jesus was truly human. He taught that Jesus did not exist in two natures because his human nature was absorbed or swallowed up by his divine nature. Eastern emperor Theodosius II, also favoring Eutyches’ position, called another church-wide council to meet at Ephesus in August 449. He appointed Dioscorus to chair the proceedings and to silence any dissent.

Leo I, bishop of Rome, sent delegates to the synod with his Tome, an exposition of how the two natures, divine and human, are joined in Christ. Dioscorus prevented the reading of Leo’s letter and rejected his position. Eutyches’ teaching was declared orthodox. Bishops who refused to accept the council’s decision were deposed.

Council of Chalcedon:
When the emperor died, Marcian became emperor and opposed Eutyches’ teaching. Emperor Marcian called for a church council to meet at Chalcedon, on the outskirts of Constantinople. Leo again sent representatives with his Tome, which was read and approved by the council. Chalcedon reversed the “Robbers’ Council” decision and condemned Eutyches’ teaching. It anathematized those who taught that Christ had only a single, divine nature and those “who imagine a mixture or confusion between the two natures of Christ.”

Definition of Faith:
Marcian urged the council to write a statement of faith to provide unity and understanding for the Church. In response, the council produced the “Chalcedonian Definition.”
1.Christ is “complete in Godhead and complete in humanness, truly God and truly human.” He is “of one substance (homoousios) with the Father as regards his Godhead, and at the same time of one substance with us as regards his humanity.”
2.Jesus Christ is to be “recognized in two natures, without confusion, without change, without division, without separation.” The “distinction of natures” is “in no way annulled by the union.” “The characteristics of each nature” are to be considered as “preserved and coming together to form one person and subsistence.” They are not to be “separated into two persons.”

1st Century

Philo (Greek: Φίλων) - Jewish philosopher & contemporary of Christ

20 BC - 50 AD

Century: 1st

Event: Contemporary of Christ

Thought:
He used philosophical allegory to attempt to fuse & harmonized Greek philosophy (Platonic View) with Jewish biblical philosophy.

Story:
He represented the Jews to Gaius Caligula, the emperor attempting to place his golden statue in the Jerusalem temple.

Note:
Philo Judaeus, was a Hellenistic Jewish philosopher who lived in Alexandria, in the Roman province of Egypt.

Clement of Rome - Young leader displacing elder of the church

92 AD - 99 AD

Century: 1st

Event: Young leader displacing elders of the church

Thought: Peter & Paul already in heaven

Story: Tells the stories of the Old Testament judgments against usurpers & rebellions as example for the Christian church.

Note: The given date is while he was in office

2nd Century

Ignatius of Antioch - Urged monarchical episcapate form of church governance

35 AD - 107 AD

Century: 2nd

Event:
Was taken to Rome to be martyred by wild beast.

Thought:
Urged the churches of Asia Minor to adapt a monarchical episcopate form of church governance.

Story:
He pleads with Roman Christians not to rescue him from martyrdom lest he lose his chance to emulate Christ & Paul.

Polycarp of Smyrna - Taught a presbyterian form of governance

69 AD - 160 AD

Century: 2nd

Event: Martyrdom of Polycarp

Thought:
Taught the Christians in Philippi to use a Presbyterian form of church governance

Story:
Learned Christianity from the apostle John. Served God for 86 years & died praying for his persecutors & reviling the crowd of pagans as atheists.

Known as an apostolic father

Epistle of Barnabas - Written after Jewish uprising in Judea & Alexandria

70 AD - 131 AD

Century: 2nd

Event:
Written after Major Jewish uprisings in Alexandria & Judea.

Thought:
The author rejects the weekly Sabbath in favor of 1000 years and believes an 8 day rest.

Story:
The author allegorizes Old Testament stories into Christian teachings, but keeps their historical reality.

Note:
The date range refers to when the epistle might have been written.

Marcion - Condamned as heretic by Irenaeus of Lyon

85 AD - 160 AD

Century: 2nd

Event:
Marcionites heresy at Rome condemned by Irenaeus of Lyon

Thought:
The Old Testament god is a weak god of material & justice. The New Testament God, Jesus Christ, is the high God & loving and merciful.

Story:
Sold his shipping business & gave the proceeds to Roman church. When they finally rejected his heresy, they returned his money.

Note:
-He is the 1st to put together a New Testament Bible which composed of the gospel of Luke and Paul's letters for the where the only ones who understood Jesus.
-Jesus did not have a body like us, for he was not under the ruling of Yawah who created the material world for his evil purpose.

Justin Martyr - 1st day of week worship in Rome

100 AD - 165 AD

Century: 2nd

Event:
Worshipping on the 1st day of the week in Rome

Thought:
Believed the Old Testament prophets predicted Jesus, but he rejects the Sabbath & circumcision.

Story:
He styles himself as a Christian philosopher after testing & rejecting the major philosophies of his day.

Irenaeus of Lyon - Wrote "Against Heresies"

120 AD - 202 AD

Century: 2nd

Event: Wrote "Against Heresies"

Thought:
Christ must be true God & true human to bring God & humans together

Story:
Irenaeus of Lyon was a student of Polycarp of Smyrna, who learned from John and claimed authority base on getting his information of the gospel in a direct way from an apostle.

Note:
-He believed the Bible should be read in view of the truth & the church is truth. If you want to know the truth, ask the church.
-Because Irenaeus of Lyon knew Polycarp of Smyrna who knew John, that means Irenaeus has the truth.
-He believed the bishops has the truth (which include himself)

Clement of Alexandria - Teacher in the school of biblical exegesis at Alexandria

150 AD - 215 AD

Century: 2nd

Event: Teacher in the school of biblical exegesis in Alexandria

Thought:
All that is best in philosophy was derived from revelation through Moses & the prophets.

Story:
Clement of Alexandria was a hight-born, well-educated Greek who traveled & study widely.

Note:
+Clement of Alexandria follows Philo in making scripture allegorical
-He was a thinker & search of truth
-"Philosophy was given to the Greeks, just as the law was given to the Jews."
-He believed there is a close relationship btw faith & reason; faith is the 1st principle on which reason is to build upon. But Christians who are content with faith, and son not use reason to build upon it, are again like children who are forever content with milk.
-Clement of Alexandria call one who goes beyond the literal meaning of scripture a "true gnostic' (not to be confuse with the occult), which he considered himself to be.

3rd Century

Tertullian of Carthage - "Jesus is light from light & true God from True God"

160 AD - 225 AD

Century: 3rd

Event:
Tertullian was attracted to the Montanist heresy because of their rigorist ethic

Thought:
Tertullian of Carthage begins Latin theology with the economy of God, where he sees Jesus as "light from light and true God from true God."

Story:
Tertullian of Carthage is a Roman citizen with Patrician upbringing & education, as such he sees Christianity through conservative

Note:
Tertullian of Carthage statement:
"The blood of martyr is see"
"As if so many could feed to so few" - said in regard to the Christians being feed to the beast.

Origen of Alaxendria - "Jesus was God through participation not by nature"

185 AD - 254 AD

Century: 3rd

Event:
Wrote commentaries on every book of scripture

Thought:
He believed Jesus was God by participation, not by nature

Story:
When he as a teen, his father was martyred and he wanted to join him, but was stopped by his bishop & mother how hide his clothing. In order for Origen to gain self-control, it is possible that he castrated himself.

Note:
-Origen of Alexandria's library was kept in Caesarea by Eusebius of Caesarea
-He believed creation took place after the fall & creation is the school for the soul to achieve the divine realm

Cyprian of Carthage - "The bishop is the church & they could forgive sin"

200 AD - 258 AD

Century: 3rd

Event:
The persecution of Decius forced Christians to burn incense to the emperor which was later re-enforce by Emperor Valerius.

Thought:
Cyprian of Carthage believed the bishop is the church and only the bishop can forgive sins.

Story:
While Cyprian of Carthage became the Bishop of Carthage, Decius started persecuting the Christians for not burning incense to the emperor. Cyprian was told to flee by the governor and he hide at his sister farm. When emperor Valerius re-enforced the same decree, Cyprian of Carthage refuse to hide and gave himself to be martyred.

Notes:
Cyprian of Carthage made three important statements:

  1. You can't have God as your Father unless
    the church is your mother.
  2. The church is the bishop & the bishop is the church.
  3. Only the bishop can forgive sin.

Anthony - Model anchorite & 1st Ascetic in upper desert

251 AD - 356 AD

Century: Late 3rd

Event:
Anthony became the model anchorite & the 1st ascetic to leave the Nile valley for upper desert

Thought:
Anthony wanted to live out the injunctions of scripture rather than discuss them.

Story:
Anthony did battle with demons in spiritual warfare and defeated the devil by living like Christ.

4th Century

Roman Emperor Diocletian - Begin the greatest persecution of 303 AD

244 AD - 311 AD

Century: 4th

Event:
Emperor Diocletian begins the greatest persecution of 303 AD to 313 AD

Thought:
Diocletian wanted to bring the Roman Empire back to its former glory. He called for a return to traditional Roman religion and pushed to eradicate new religions such as Christianity and Manicheansim

Story:
Emperor Diocletian was forced to withdraw from active leadership by poor health in 304/305 AD. Due to that, every son, cousin or other claimant to the throne came forward to get a piece of the empire.

Note:
-Diocletian at first had Christian leaders handover all religious writings to be burned
-Because of Galerius hatred toward Christians, Diocletian was convince that Christians were against him acted cruelly toward Christians.

Arius - "There was a time Jesus was not"

256 AD - 336 AD

Century: 4th

Event:
Arius was condemned at the Council of Nicea in 325 AD

Thought:
Arius believe there was a time when Jesus was not, and Jesus is the 1st creature through whom all things are created.

Story:
Arius argued with his bishop Alexander of Alexandria over the divine nature of Christ

Note:
-Arius was an ascetic Christian Presbyter who became priest of Alexandria
-Eusebius of Nicomedia represented Arius at the Council of Nicea in 325 AD because Arius was not a bishop
-Eusebius was able to get an audience with Emperor Constantine and convince the emperor to have Arius returned from exile and restored to communion.

Athanasius of Alexandria - Jesus as the same divine nature as the Father

269 AD - 373 AD

Century: 4th

Event:
Athanasius of Alexandria wrote "Life of Anthony"

Thought:
Jesus Christ, God the Son, has the same divine nature as God the Father.

Story:
Athanasius of Alexandria was banished 5 time for upholding the Nicean formula

Constantine - Ended the persecution begun by Diocletian

272 AD - 337 AD

Century: 4th

Event:
Ended the persecution begun by Diocletian

Thought:
Constantine followed & continued the practice of a Christian official and not receiving baptism until just before death so that forgiveness would cover all actions

Story:
Constantine chaired the council of Nicea in 325, then forced all to sign the Nicene Creed on pain of death, then when the bishops backed away from the creed, he forced all to repudiate it on pain of death.

Note:
-Constantine is the founder of Constantinople in 330 AD
-Constantine entered into an alliance with emperor Licinius at Milan and signed the "Edict of Milan" in 313 AD which stopped the persecution of Christian, release them from prison and restore their properties.

Donatus - Donatist are the true people of God; Catholic are antichrist

313 AD - 355 AD

Century: 4th

Event:
The Donatist split from the Catholics over the election of the dubious Caeculius as bishop of Carthage

Thought:
We Donatist, the few, are the true people of God; the Catholics, the many, are the antichrist.

Story:
Donatus was the 2nd bishop elected by the rigorist group against Caeculius was bishop of Carthage.

Gregory of Nazianzus - Chaired the Council of Constantinople in 381

329 AD - 390 AD

Century: 4th

Event:
Gregory of Nazianzus was title the bishop of Constantinople and chaired the council of Constantinople in 381 AD.

Thought:
He wrote 5 sermons called "Theological Orations" where he details the trinity doctrine as accepted at the council of Constantinople.

Story:
Gregory of Nazianzus is the best friend of Basil of Caesarea & school mate. Gregory allowed Basil to make him bishop of Nazianzus in order to stop Emperor Valen's political attack, but Gregory was later disposed as the bishop of Constantinople because he was already bishop of Nazianzus. Gregory of Nazianzus never forgave Basil of Caesarea for that.

Note:
Gregory of Nazianzus is known as one of the Cappadocian Fathers

Macrina - Taught the ascent of the soul to God in Christian terms

329 AD - 379 AD

Century: 4th

Event:
Turned her family estate into a monastic experiment where she & her slaves lived as equals.

Thought:
Macrina thought the ascent of the soul to God in Christian terms

Story:
Macrina is the older sister of Basil of Caesarea and Gregory of Nyssa and she learned philosophy & religion from Basil & through reading.

Note:
She started the 1st community of woman living in mutual submission, dedicated to prayer & supporting themselves by the work of their hands.

Basil of Caesarea - wrote "On The Holy Spirit"

330 AD - 379 AD

Century: 4th

Event: Wrote "On The Holy Spirit"

Thought:
The Holy Spirit is God with the same divine nature as the Father & Son

Story:
Basil of Caesarea was educated in Athens in the school of philosophy & attempted an urban Christian ascetic movement.

Note:
-Basil of Caesarea is known as one of the Cappadocian Fathers
-Basil of Caesarea is the younger brother of Macrina of Caesarea and the brother of Gregory of Nyssa
-Basil of Caesarea founded the 1st "Basiliad" which is a self-contained village occupied by the poor & ill

Gregory of Nyssa - Wrote "Life of Macrina" & "On The Making of Man"

335 AD - 395 AD

Century: 4th

Event:
Gregory of Nyssa wrote "Life of Macrina" & "On The Making of Man"

Thought:
Gregory of Nyssa taught that Origen of Alexandria was right when he said "All would be saved, even the devil." (this is call 'Apokatastasis')

Story:
Gregory of Nyssa is the younger brother of Macrina and Basil of Caesarea.

Note:
Gregory of Nyssa is known as one of the Cappadocian Fathers

5th Century

Cyril of Alexandria - Christ has 2 natures that are indistinguishable

346 AD - 444 AD

Century: 5th

Event:
At the Council of Chalcedon in 451 AD accepted Cyril's & Theodore of Mopsuestia's Christology but not that of Nestorius

Thought:
Cyril of Alexandria believe in a Hypostatic union - where Christ has 2 natures but they are joined in such a way as to be indistinguishable

Story:
Cyril of Alexandria fought long to get all Antiochene Christology banned, but in the end agreed to live & let live, except Nestorius.

Paula - Founded a woman monastary near Bethlehem

347 AD - 404 AD

Century: 5th

Event:
Followed Jerome to Palestine, financing both his trip & both their monasteries near Bethlehem.

Thought:
Paula articulated along with Jerome, superiority of the celibacy ascetic life

Story:
Paula was a rich widow from the west who was attracted to the east by the asceticism

John Chrysostom - Wrote "On The Priesthood"

347 AD - 407 AD

Century: 5th

Event:
John Chrysostom's reforms against ostentation at Constantinople caused eastern emperor Arcadius & Emperess Eudoxia much trouble. John Chrysostom was eventually marched to death in the heat of summer, 407, around the black sea.

Thought:
Emphasized the change wrought by ordination in his book "On The Priesthood"

Story:
Chrysostom stand for "golden mouth" as John was the finest preacher in the world.

Jerome - The perpetual virginity of Mary & moral superiority of celibacy

347 AD - 420 AD

Century: 5th

Event:
Translated the Bible into everyday Latin from the Hebrew & Greek. This Bible was called the "Vulgate", meaning common.

Thought:
Jerome taught the perpetual virginity of Mary & the moral superiority of celibacy to marriage.

Story:
During the Origen of Alexandria controversy, Jerome named Origen a heretic and publicly disavowed him while at the same time heavily using Origen's commentaries in his own commentaries.

Theodore of Mopsuestia - Only 4 Psalms are to be Christological

350 AD - 428 AD

Century: 5th

Event:
In the writing of his Psalms commentaries, Theodore of Mopsuestia held only four Psalms to be Christological.

Thought:
Theodore of Mopsuestia stressed that Christ had 2 complete and distinct natures, and believe allegory was illegitimated in the interpretation of scripture.

Story:
Theodore of Mopsuestia was the student of Diodore of Tarsus along w/ John Chrysostom

Augustine of Hippo - "Church is protected, Satan is bound, so church can't err"

354 AD - 440 AD

Century: 5th

Event:
Alaric the Goth sack Rome in 410, Augustine wrote "City of God" in response.

Thought:
The church is protected, Satan is bound, so the church cannot err (cannot be deceived.

Story:
Augustine of Hippo was at long last converted through the prayers and influence of his mother, Monica, and the biblical interpretation of Ambrose of Milan.

Nestorius - Divinity & humanity of Christ is distinguishable

386 AD - 450 AD

Century: 5th

Event:
Nestorius was condemned at the Council of Ephesus in 431 AD

Thought:
Nestorius believe you can distinguish btw the divinity & humanity of Jesus so clearly that it is impossible to say Mary bore God or that God suffered.

Story:
Nestorius was brought to Constantinople by empress Eudoxia who arranged for him to be bishop, but it was Eudoxia who brought him down when he criticized her morals and changed her Christology.

Pelagius - Criticized the laxity of Christians in Rome when came from Britain

390 AD - 418 AD

Century: 5th

Event:
Pelagius comes to Rome and criticized the laxity of Christians there.

Thought:
Human freedom of the will is to innate that each person falls on account of his own sin, like Adam did.

Story:
Pelagius come to Rome from his native Britain and even after hi is virtually exiled from Rome and moves east, he is counted as orthodox both in Britain and by Greek fathers.

6th Century

Benedict of Nursia - Obedience to God & Abbot; give up will to spiritual leader

480 AD - 523 AD

Century: 6th

Event:
Benedict of Nursia destroyed pagan shrines on his chosen retreat on Montecassino

Thought:
Obedience to God and abbot, and give up your own will to your spiritual leader.

Story:
in writing the "Rule", Benedict of Nursia drew from all the previous rules & formed a moderate consenus

Gregory the Great - use church funds tp fight off Ostrogoth from sacking Rome

540 AD - 604 AD

Century: 6th

Event:
Gregory the Great defended Rome alone. He fought off the Ostrogoth from sacking Rome using church funds

Thought:
Gregory the Great encouraged relics, asceticism and missions

Story;
Gregory the Great was the son of a Roman senator & rose to practor at an early age. He was also the grandson of Pope Felix III. Gregory could have been a very successful stateman, but chose to be an ascetic & churchman.

9th Century

Charlemagne - Crowned emperor by Pope Leo III on 800 AD

747 AD - 814 AD

Century: 9th

Event:
Pope Leo III crowns Charlemagne emperor of Rome on Christmas of 800 AD

Thought:
Revived the study of the canon law & scripture

Story:
Charlemagne, even though unlearned, over saw the Carolingian Renaissance & though crowned by a pope felt that bishops should be subject to their secular overloads.

11th Century

Anselm - Wrote the "Proslogion" argue the effect to cause for God's existance

1033 AD - 1109 AD

Century: 11th

Event:
Wrote the "Proslogion" as a deductive argument from effect to cause for the existence of God (Ontological argument)

Thought:
Developed subsitutionary atonement in commercial terms of satisfaction: Christ paid the debt we could not pay

Story:
Anselm, being an Italian became Archbishop of Canterbury (England), but was best known for his theological reflection.

12th Century

Peter Lombard - Wrote the "Sentences" & emphasized 7 sacraments

1096 AD - 1154 AD

Century: 12th

Event:
Wrote the "Sentences" which became the norm for theological reflection

Thought: Emphasized 7 sacraments

Story:
Peter Lombard was a teacher at the University of Paris. He represent a new norm of theology being centered in the universities rather than in the bishop

13th Century

Franscis of Assisi - Founded Franciscan Order/Poor Clare as monastic reform

1181 AD - 1226 AD

Century: 13th

Event:
Founded Franciscan Order (so as Poor Clare & Tertiaries) as monastic reform

Thought:
Francis of Assisi urged poverty, Chastity & obedient service, as well as public preaching & missionary work

Story:
Francis of Assisi was the son of a wealthy merchant who turned from his wealth to serve the poor. He did not at first intend the order, it grew around him, then led it.

Thomas Aquinas - Reintroduced Aristotle's writing in the west from Islam

1225 AD - 1274 AD

Century: 13th

Event:
Aristotle's writings are reintroduced in the west from Islam

Thought:
Thomas Aquinas believe through reason & observation one can build theology that parallels revealed theology

Story:
Thomas Aquinas was called the "dumb Ox" in school for his slowness of thought, but he came to known as the "angelic doctor" in later life for his meticulous reasoning.

John Duns Scotus - Emphasized will over reason & ontology over analogy

1266 AD - 1308 AD

Century: 13th

Event:
Wrote another commentary on the "Sentences"

Thought:
John Duns Scotus emphasized will over reason & ontology over analogy.

Story:
John Duns Scotus who was a scholastic Franciscan came to be known as the "subtle doctor" on account of theology distinctions where he pulled together the Neo-platonic Augustine & Aristotelian Thomas and everyone in btw. (His doctrine of being came to be known as scotism)

14th Century

Julian of Norwich - Saw 16 vision which she record as "Revelations of Love"

1342 AD - 1416 AD

Century: 14th

Event:
While near death from sickness, Julian saw 16 visions which she recorded as "Revelations of love"

Thought:
Everything has being through the love of God

Story:
Julian of Norwich writings were largely ignored until the 19th century. Renewed interest in spirituality when they were discovered to be rich in the theology of God's personal love & atonement: All shall be well, All shall be well, And all manner of things shall be well.

Theological Thoughts