French Revolution

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Prior to the French Revolution

major events and people that helped cause the French Revolution

Rule of Louis XlV

1657 - 1715

Insurrection at Grenoble

1788

Louis XVI convokes

08/08/1788

Opening of the État-général at Versailles

05/05/1789

Representatives of the tiers état form a National Assembly

06/17/1789

King rejects Resolutions of the tiers etat

06/23/1789

National Assembly declares itself Constituent Assembly

07/09/1789

Necker is dismissed

07/12/1789

Armed citizens storm and capture the Bastille

07/14/1789

Lafayette appointed Commander of National Guard

07/15/1789

‘Great Fear’ begins as peasants revolt across France

07/17/1789

National Assembly decrees abolition of feudalism

08/5/1789

National Assembly decrees Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

08/26/1789

Women lead delegation to King in Versaille demanding bread

09/05/1789

King returns to Paris

09/06/1789

Constituent Assembly decrees expropriation of Church property

11/02/1789

National Assembly legislates for departments, etc

12/16/1789

Removal of civil disabilities against Jews

01/28/1790

Suppression of religious orders and vows

02/13/1790

Abolition of nobility and titles

06/19/1790

Civil Constitution, subordinating the Church to the civil government

07/14/1790

First counter-revolutionary assembly at Jalès

08/18/1790

Food riots across Paris

january 1791 - march 1791

Mirabeau elected President of the French Assembly

01/30/1791

Property of émigrés forfeited

02/09/1791

Abolition of Royal guilds and monopolies

03/02/1791

Black citizens of French colonies granted equal rights

05/15/1791

Louis XVI attempts to flee to Varennes

06/21/1791

Assembly declares King inviolable and restores his prerogatives

07/15/1791

National Guard fires on crowd protesting against restoration of the King

07/17/1791

King formally accepts Constitution

09/13/1791

Constituent Assembly dissolves

09/30/1791

Legislative Assembly commences

10/01/1791

Civil marriage and divorce instituted

11/09/1791

King vetoes Assembly’s ruling on émigrés

11/11/1791

France declares war on Austria, but French army flees at sight of the enemy

04/20/1792

Jacobin Insurrection, again thwarted by gestures by the King

06/20/1792

Duke of Brunswick publishes call for allied attack on France

07/25/1792

Jacobin masses storm the Tuileries Palace

08/10/1792

Lafayette flees to Austria

08/19/1792

Royalist riots in the Vendée,

08/22/1792

The French Revolution

Fall of Bastille

1789

General mobilisation, citizens sent to the front

09/01/1792

Danton instigates

09/02/1792

French forces defeat the invading force at Valmy

09/20/1792

The Convention elected by the Legislative Assembly commences,

09/21/1792

Edict of Fraternity” offers aid to “subject peoples"

11/19/1792

Trial of the king begins

12/11/1792

Louis XVI executed

01/21/1793

France declares war on Britain and Holland

02/01/1793

Food riots in Paris

02/25/1793

Committee of Public Safety established

04/06/1793

Marat put on trial for complicity in September massacre but is acquitted

04/24/1793

Uprising of Paris Commune against the Convention

05/27/1793

Maximum price of bread imposed

05/27/1793

Expulsion of the Girondists (the party of compromise) from all offices

06/02/1793

Jacobin Constitution accepted by the Convention

06/24/1793

Marat, “the people’s friend,” murdered by Charlotte Corday

07/13/1793

Corday executed amid popular outrage

07/17/1793

Metric system of measures adopted

08/01/1793

Levée en masse (conscription) decreed.

08/23/1793

Popular riots in Paris

09/05/1793

Law of Suspects” initiates the Terror

09/17/1793

Marie-Antoinette tried and executed

10/14/1793

Marie-Antoinette tried and executed

10/14/1793

Republican Calendar decreed

10/23/1793

22 Girondists tried and executed

10/24/1793

22 Girondists tried and executed

10/24/1793

Festival of Liberty and Reason

11/10/1793

Robespierre, the Committee of Public Safety

03/24/1794

Robespierre decreed the new religion of the Supreme Being.

05/18/1794

The day of inauguration of the Supreme Being

06/08/1794

22 Prairial) procedures for mass trial and execution implemented

06/10/1794

(9th Thermidor) Convention calls for arrest of Robespierre.

07/27/1794

The Directory first meets

1795

After the French Revolution

Jacobin Club is suppressed by the Convention

11/12/1794

The Churches re-open for Christian worship

01/01/1795

White Terror instituted in the South

MAY 1795

The Dauphin dies in prison, Comte de Provence assumes title of Louis XVIII

06/08/1795

Constitution of Year III approved, establishing Directory

08/22/1795

Royalists attempt a coup and Napoleon Bonaparte

10/05/1795

The Convention dissolves itself in favour of a dictatorship of the Directorate

10/26/1795

Napoleon assumes command of French army in Italy

02/02/1796

Directorate bans popular meetings at the Panetheon.

02/26/1796

Leaders of Babeuf’s “Conspiracy of Equals” arrested

05/10/1796

100s of supporters of Babeuf attack palace of the Directorate but are routed

09/07/1796

Elections produce a Royalist majority

may 1797

Babeuf and his supporters are convicted but take their own lives

05/27/1797

Directorate resigns

06/18/1799

Napoleon Bonaparte named “First Consul,” now the effective dictator

11/09/1799

Napoleon consecrated as Emperor

12/02/1804