civil rights movement


Jackie Robinson Integrates Baseball

April 15, 1947

Some teammates welcomed Robinson, while he was ignored by others. Soon, however, he gained a lot of fans because of his skills. He paved the way for other African American athletes to compete in professional sports.

Integration of the Military

July 26, 1948

President Truman was committed to civil rights. Since he didn't need congressional approval to end segregation in the military, he integrated all units of the armed forces. So in the Korean war blacks and whites were fighting side by side bringing the country closer together

Brown vs. Board of Education

May 17, 1954

Justices ruled that "in the field of public education, the doctrine of 'separate nut equal' has no place." One year later, the court ordered schools to desegregate. Black students were beat up, spat at and threatened.

Emmett Till murdered

August 28 1955

A 1-year-old African American boy was murdered in Money, Mississippi for whistling and whispering at a white women.

Rosa Parks

December 1, 1955

Rosa Parks, an African American seamstress, boarded a bus in Montgomery and refused to move her seat for a white man. Parks was arrested. Causing African Americans to stand up for themselves and start the bus boycott.

Montgomery bus boycott

November, 1956

The bus boycott lasted 381 days. No African Americans rode the bus causing bus businesses to suffer. Finally the supreme court ruled that segregation on buses was unconstitutional.

Integration of Central High School,Little Rock,Arkansas

September 4, 1957

The governor of little rock vowed, "no school district will be forced to mix the races." An angry mob surrounded the school. President Eisenhower sent federal troops to enforce the safety of the students.

Sit-in - Greensboro, North Carolina

February 1, 1960

Four African American students sat down at a "whites only" lunch counter and refused to leave unless served. This was the beginning of a common tool to protest segregation.

creation of Students Nom-violent Coordinating Comittee

April 1960

Founded by young people who had emerged as leaders of the sit-in. Its supporters helped raise funds to support SNCC's work in the south. This organization was a big part of the civil rights movement.

Freedom Riders

May, 1961

Occurred in Washington DC. Their goal was to test a supreme court ruling outlawing segregation in interstate travel. There were 7 black and 6 white freedom riders. They were violently attacked in Alabama

Childrens march

May 2, 1963 - May 5, 1963

Children marched to the mayor to talk about segregation. The marchers were stopped by the head of police that sent police dogs and sprayed fire hoses on the children. This showed the city what African Americans will do to gain their civil rights

Civil Rights Act

July 2 1964

outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin by ending unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools.

Jimmy Lee Jackson Killed

February 26, 1965

He was a civil rights protestor who was shot by an Alabama state trooper. His death inspired the Selma to Montgomery marches

March from Selma to Montgomery

March 21, 1965

Martin Luther king led 3200 marchers from Selma to the state capitol in Montgomery. They walked 12 miles a day and slept in fields. This protest showed what African Americans would do to gain their rights.

Voting Rights Act

August 6, 1965

President Johnson went on national television to support a strong voting rights law. That summer the law was passed banning literacy tests and other barriers to African American voting. This will cause African Americans to gain even more rights because they will vote for presidents that are for African American rights.