The Civil Rights Movement

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Jackie Robinson Integrates Baseball

April 15, 1947 - April 16, 1947

On April 15, 1957 Jackie Robinson made his debut with the Brooklyn Dodgers and continued to play for many years to come until his last game on September 30, 1957 and was inducted in the Hall of Fame in 1962. He showed people that not only white males can play baseball and set the stage for other African American players to play in the Major League.

Integration of the Military

July 26, 1948 - July 27, 1948

President Harry Truman integrated the military on July 26, 1948 with Executive Order 9981. This order offered "equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion or national origin."

Brown v. Board of Education

May 17, 1954 - May 18, 1954

On May 17, 1954 the Supreme Court ruled that the policy of "separate but unequal" has no place in schools. This caused the integration of all schools to take place.

Emmett Till Murdered

August 24, 1955 - September 23, 1955

Emmet Till, a 14 year old boy whistled at a white woman, in the next 4 days he was brutally tortured and murdered. His mother insisted on an open casket to show what these men had done to her son, on September 23, Roy Bryant and J.W. Milam were tried for the murder but were aquitted and later admitted to the crime in a magazine interview.

Rosa Parks/ Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1, 1955 - December 21, 1956

On December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus in the front to a white person. She was arrested and started a boycott of all buses in Montgomery and since many African American people rode the buses it hurt the company a lot, financially. On December 21, 1956 the boycott ended and African Americans were allowed to sit in the front of the bus.

Integration of Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas

September 4, 1957 - September 25, 1957

On September 4, 1957, 9 black students wanted to attend Central High School in Little Rock they were turned down by the National Guard, ordered in by the governor. On September 25 President Truman ordered federal troops to ensure the troops arrival at the school, the mobs of angered white people left and the students attended class.

Creation of the Student Non- Violent Coordination Committee

February 1, 1960 - February 2, 1960

The SNCC was created to help young people have a larger voice in the Civil Rights Movement. This branch of the Civil Rights Movement was very radical and wanted changes fast.

Sit-In- Greensboro, North Carolina

February 1, 1960 - February 2, 1960

On this date 4 male freshman sat at a white only lunch counter in Greensboro, NC and refused to move. The protest worked and protected the idea of non-violence the students were not prosecuted.

Freedom Riders

May 4, 1961 - May 5, 1961

!3 African American civil rights activists drove a series of bus routes all over the south to protest segregation on bus terminals, the protesters found lots of violence along the route but kept going and kept their policy of non-violence.

Children's March

May 2, 1963 - May 7, 1963

Hundreds of African American children marched through Birmingham Alabama to try and get an end to segregation. Their plan failed and they were beaten and blasted with fire hoses.

Civil Rights Act

July 2, 1964 - July 3, 1964

The Civil Rights Act prohibited segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination regarding to race, color, religion, sex or national origin.

Jimmy Lee Jackson Killed

February 18, 1965 - February 19, 1965

A young African American named Jimmy Lee Jackson was shot by a state trooper, this caused a march from Selma to Montgomery .

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1973 - 1974

2nd Layer

March from Selma to Montgomery

March 25, 1965 - March 26, 1965

A group of 200 people from Selma, Alabama led my Martin Luther King Jr. marched to Montgomery inspired by the death of Jimmy Lee Jackson.

Voting Rights Act

August 6, 1965 - August 7, 1965

On August 6, 1965 Congress passed the Voting Rights Act. This act got rid of the literacy tests to vote, it got rid of the poll tax to vote and got rid of the restriction that if your grandfather couldn't vote than you couldn't vote.