Civil Rights Movement

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Jimmy Lee Jackson Killed

1938 - February, 1965

Jimmy was born in Alabama, 1938 and died in 1965. Jimmy was shot by a state trooper while peacefully protesting. This led to white Americans considering to enable the Voting Rights Act.

Jackie Robinson Enters in Major League Baseball

April 1947

Jackie Robinson enters in the Brooklyn Dodgers braking the racial barrier in Major League Baseball, becoming the first African American to be in it.

Integration of the Military

January 1948

President Truman ordered integration of all units of the armed forces, having white and African American soldiers fight together.

Brown vs. Board of Education

1951

Oliver Brown sued the board of education of Topeka, Kansas. Brown was trying to overthrow the doctrine of "separate but equal" saying that white people get a better quality life than African Americans.

Children's March

May 2, 1953 - May 5, 1953

The Children's March included hundreds of students from Birmingham, Alabama because they needed to desegregate their schools.

No More "separate but equal" Doctrine

May 17, 1954 - 1955

The Supreme Court stated, "In the field of public education, the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place." A year later schools integrated.

Integration of Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas

1955

Schools were starting to integrate but in Little Rock, Arkansas, a serious riot had broken out. Before that the governor, Orval Faubus, had vowed that as long as he was governor mixed races would not be allowed in his school district.

Emmett Till Murdered

August 24, 1955 - January 24, 1956

Two white men kidnapped and murdered Emmett Till in 1955. A year later they had admitted that what they had done was true when in 1955 they were innocent.

Rosa Parks/Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1, 1955 - October 24, 2005

Rosa Parks was an African American and refused to move from her seat when she boarded the bus because she was in the front instead of the back of the bus. Later on the bus was filled and a white rider needed to take her seat and she still refused so she was arrested. Rosa Parks died on October 24, 2005.

Sit-In – Greensboro, North Carolina

February 1, 1960

In 1960, four African Americans sat at the white lunch table in North Carolina, non-violently protesting against segregation. They had gotten kicked out of the premises and had told people what had happened, later on other people begin to sit-in.

Creation of Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

April 1960 - 1966

First this group was for non-violent protests against segregation but a year later it formed into a committee to try to stop segregation and to allow black people to vote in local communities.

Freedom Riders

May 4, 1961

Freedom Riders were people who challenged the congress' segregation act because in the south it was enforced, the people rode buses with white people and black people not segregated.

Civil Rights Act

July 2, 1964

In 1964, the congress enacted the civil rights act, outlawing discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender, or nationality.

March from Selma to Montgomery

March 25, 1965 - March 30, 1965

Martin Luther King led thousands of non-violent protesters from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama. They were marching 54 miles to campaign for their voting rights.

Voting Rights Act

August 6, 1965

In 1965, congress passed the law to ban barriers to African American voting.