Jackie was the first African American baseball player. He broke one of the first racial barriers.
President Truman ends the segregation in the military. All troops in the army were integrated.
Oliver brown sued the board of education of Topeka, Kansas. His own daughter Linda had to walk 20 blocks just to get a poor education at a black school. After years of the supreme court deciding on what to do on this case they decide that, ''in the field of public education, the doctrine of ''separate but equal'' has no place''. There next move was to integrate all schools so that little kids like Linda wouldn't have to walk so far to get to school.
Emmett till was only 14 years old when he was shot because he was "flirting with a white woman".
Rosa parks was sitting in the first row of a bus. Those first rows are only for the white people. However Rosa parks the secretary of the NAACP wasn't going to move. After many times of the bus driver asking her to move she was arrested. All African American passengers stopped going on city buses. This boycott lasted 381 days. Tons of the buses went out of business because 70% of there riders are African Americans. Instead of riding the bus African American would carpool or walk. Finally the court ruled that segregation on buses was unconstitutional and now they could sit anywhere.
In little rock, Arkansas there were 9 black kids going to a white school after the schools were integrated. They had ''bodyguards'' to protect them from the angry mobs when they entered school. However one student didn't know that and faced the mobs on her own. After that president Eisenhower sent federal troops to safely get the kids to school.
4 African American college students sat down at a whites only lunch counter. The students refused to move until they were served. This became a very popular way to protest.
First this group was for non-violent protests against segregation but a year later it formed into a committee to try to stop segregation and to allow black people to vote in local communities.
Civil rights leaders sent out 13 people to test the supreme court ruling outlawing segregation in travel. There were 7 blacks and 6 whites on two buses sent in the south. A couple of bus stations were able to be integrated however once they got in Alabama they were attacked.
The children's march included hundreds of students from Birmingham, Alabama because they needed to desegregate their schools.
President Johnson fought hard to the civil rights act of 1964. He wanted things to change in American. This act banned discrimination in public facilities and outlawed discrimination in employment. Also it provides for faster school desegregation and further protected voting rights.
Jimmy was a civil rights protestor who was shot by an Alabama state trooper. Jimmy was only 26 years old.
There was a huge protest in Alabama about the voting rights for African Americans. As martin Luther King as the leader hundreds of marches start their long walk to the capital. Over the march there were tons of attacks on the marches for the next two days. Finally after their long march the African Americans got their bill passed.
President Johnson passed the voting rights of 1965 that summer. It banned literacy tests and bother barriers to African American voting.