Civil Rights Timeline

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Jackie Robinson integrates baseball

April 15,1947

Jackie Robinson was called up from the Minor leagues and joined the Brooklyn Dodgers and is the first black person to play Major League Baseball.

Integrating the Military

July 26, 1948

Truman committed to civil rights and proposed laws to protect rights of African Americans and in 1948 without congressional concent, he integrated all units of armed forces.

Brown v Board of education

May 17, 1954

Oliver Brown sues B.O.E of Topeka and case gets sent to the Supreme court who rules school segregation was a violation of 14th amendment and Brown wins the case

Emmett Till murdered

August 28, 1955

14 year old african american Emmett Till is slaughtered after flirting with a white woman on 8/24

Rosa Parks/Montgomery Bus boycott

December 1, 1955 - December 20, 1956

Rosa Parks boards a bus in Montgomery and sits in the front (white section) and after refusing to get up, she gets arrested and 70% of the Bus riders were black and boycotted the bus.

Integration of Central High School

September 23, 1957

9 black students were integrated into Little Rock Central High School, many were Whites and Later President Eisenhower ordered a group of soldiers to escort the students into the school.

Greensboro sit in

February 1, 1960

Four black college students sat down at a whites only lunch counter at a restuarant in Greensboro, North Carolina and refused to leave after being denied service. More students joined in and more sit ins protests occured around the south

Freedom Riders

May 4, 1961 - September 22, 1961

The Freedom Riders were African Americans that got integration by riding in public transport in interstate transit terminals by riding buses into the south, they were usually abused and beaten

Childrens march

May 2, 1963 - May 5, 1963

Thousands of youth marched around Birmingham, Alabama to end segregation. The children's parents did not let them march but they went anyway and had a risk of getting beaten and abused.

Civil rights act

July 2, 1964

This act banned public discrimination which was mostly what african americans wanted and this was one of the biggest events in the Civil Rights movement

Jimmy Lee Jackson Killed

February 26, 1965

On Feb 18, Jackson was part of a marching protest and was pursued by police officers who eventually shot him at Mack's cafe and later died a week later due to an infected wound. He was shot protecting his mother and grandfather.

March from Selma to Montgomery

March 25, 1965

Martin Luther King jr led his followers in a 54 mile walk to the capital of Montgomery from Selma and on the way there they campaigned for voting rights.

Voting Rights Act

August 6, 1965

Voting rights act signed by president Johnson and was to overcome the segregation of black people's voting rights.